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COMICS DURING THE 20TH CENTURY
Transcript of COMICS DURING THE 20TH CENTURY
Comics didn't appear in the 20th century, the first graphics stories were invented by prehistoric humans and then egyptians
The aventures of tintin
is a series of comic albums created by Belgian cartoonist Georges Remi (1907–1983), who wrote under the pen name Hergé.
The first publication: Tintin in the land of the Soviets
It is considered antisocialism propaganda for children
Le Vingtème Sièche was an ultraconservative and catholic diary
It was first published in French in Le Petit Vingtième (a youth supplement to the Belgium newspaper Le Vingtième Sièche)
After the horrors of world war I and during the great depression society needed heroes, the first Superhero Comics appeared, the most popular being Superman, Batman, Captain Marvel, Wonder Woman and Captain America.
Comic books, particularly superhero titles, gained immense popularity during World War II as cheap, portable, and easily read tales of good triumphing over evil. Covers such as
Captain America Comics
, published before the US entered the War, showed superheroes punching Nazi leader Adolf Hitler.
Superhero comics are a form of American comic books. The form rose to prominence in the 1930s and 1940s and has remained the dominant form of comic book in North America since the 1960s
superhero comics at The golden age
The beginning of the Golden Age was in 1938 with the debut of Superman in Action Comics, published by Detective Comics Inc., a corporate predecessor of modern-day DC Comics, after its popularity, companies such as Timely Comics, Quality Comics, Harvey Comics and MLJ, among others, created superheroes of their own in an effort to emulate the success of Superman.
origin of the rivality between DC COMICs AND MARVEL
Between 1939 and 1941, Detective Comics, Inc introduced such popular superheroes as Batman and Robin, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Green Lantern, the Atom, Hawkman, and Aquaman. Timely, the 1940s predecessor of Marvel Comics, had million-selling titles that featured the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, and Captain America.
While DC and Timely characters are widely known today, circulation figures suggest that the best-selling superhero title of the era was Fawcett Comics' Captain Marvel, whose approximately 1.4 million copies per issue made it "the most widely circulated comic book in America".
Mort & Phil is one of the most popular Spanish comics series, published in more than a dozen countries.
It appeared for the first time in 1958 in the children's comic-book Pulgarcito drawn by Francisco Ibáñez.
In others countries
Outside Spain, the series is especially popular in Germany as Clever & Smart.
The author, Ibáñez, has said in many ocassions that Mort and Phil don't have any message. The only intetion of these comics are to make laugh and forget everyday life.
The main difference between Tintin comics and the other comics is that Tintin is a fictious character who lives in the real world.
Mort and phil
The fact that anything related to nazism appeared in Herge's comics is in the spotlight.
Mort and Phil can be described as a pair of walking catastrophes, and no matter what kind of mission they are assigned they always manage to get it wrong. At the T.I.A. they interact with their boss, Superintendente Vicente; with Professor Bacterio, a disastrous scientist and with the fat, blonde secretary Ofelia.
The second publication: Tintin in the Congo
This story is accused of being xenophobic and racist
Furthermore, the drawings in these books are quite crude. Tintin’s face is devoid of details or expressions in the first two stories and gradually finds its forms and gestures in the later books.
The war and the invasion did not leave Herge with too many subjects to work on and therefore he spent most of his time colorizing the early books
The end of the war marked the start of a great era in Herge’s artistic life, an era that made an undoubtedly huge impact on the art of comics in Belgium and probably the whole Francophone world.
A number of important comics writers and artists contributed to the early part of the era, including writers Stan Lee, Gardner Fox, John Broome, and Robert Kanigher, and artists Curt Swan, Jack Kirby and Gil Kane.
superhero comics at the silver age
The Silver Age of Comic Books was a period of artistic advancement and commercial success in mainstream American comic books, predominantly those in the superhero genre, but The popularity and circulation of comic books about superheroes declined following World War II.
Beginning in the 1950s, DC began publishing revised versions of their 1940s superhero characters such as
with more of a science fiction focus. Marvel Comics introduced characters such as Spider-Man, the Fantastic Four, the Hulk, Thor, the X Men and Iron Man who featured more complex personalities which had more dramatic potential.
Zip and Zap
superhero comics at the bronze age
The Bronze Age maintained many of the conventions of the Silver Age, with traditional superhero titles remaining the mainstay of the industry. However, darker plot elements and socially relevant storylines featuring real-world issues, such as drug use, alcoholism, urban poverty, and environmental pollution returned.
Zip and Zap are the names of two iconic Spanish comic book characters created by José Escobar Saliente in 1947 for the magazine Pulgarcito.
The two boys are enthusiastic and hyperactives, always attentive to everything. They are always willing to help. They are curious by nature and very intelligent.
They are physically identical, with the only difference that Zip has blond hair and Zap has brown hair.
Superhero Comics became much more political and dealt with social issues.
More sophisticated characters.
Anti-Hero becomes popular with appearances of The
Punisher, Wolverine, Ghost Rider
and a 1980s revival of
The intention of the author
The intention of the author when he created these comics was to transmit his view of Spanish society, drawing characters like Doña Jaimita, the mother of the twins and Petolo, the strict teacher.
Roy Lichtenstein was an American pop artist best known for his boldly-colored parodies of comic strips and advertisements.
In the 1960s, Lichtenstein became a leading figure of the new Pop Art movement
Manga are comics created in Japan or by Japanese creators in the Japanese language
Lichtenstein had a passion for both science and comic books. In his teens, he became interested in art.
His college studies were interrupted in 1943, when he was drafted and sent to Europe for World War II.
After his wartime service, Lichtenstein returned to Ohio State in 1946 to finish his undergraduate degree and master's degree—both in fine arts.
Lichtenstein's best-known work from this period is "Whaam!," which he painted in 1963, using a comic book panel from a 1962 issue of DC Comics' All-American Men of War as his inspiration.
Other works of the 1960s featured cartoon characters like Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck and advertisements for food and household products.
As the traditional japanese writing, manga is read from right to left.
Mangas are printed in black and white, the only color they have is in the title page.
Usually they don´t have many details.
The main property of its characters is the size of their eyes.
Before the world war II the entertainment industry began to grow.
Osamu Tezuka, writer of Astro boy, changed what was traditional manga, he introduced a more cinematic style decomposing the movements in different cartoons and combining them with many sound effects. This new style was a great success and many magazines of Tokyo started to publish it.
It formerly held the record for highest auction price for a Lichtenstein painting. In November 2010, Ohhh...Alright...was sold at a record US $42.6 million
Modern manga is divided in five groups.
MONA LISA BY ROY LICHTENSTEIN
girl in mirror
kodomo manga :
aimed at kids.
OH, JEFF... I LOVE YOU, TOO... BUT
Themes and concepts about children and family.
70% adult population read this type of manga.
aimed at teenage boys.
Considered the most successful manga genre.
Many action scenes combined with humor.
Male character predominance.
aimed to teenage girls.
Female character predominance.
Sometimes shojo mangas have acction scenes.
aimed to adult male audience
Most usual themes: sex, violence and politics.
aimed to female adult audience
More realistic version of shojo manga.
Normally about everyday experiences of Japanese women