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13 Colonies

Learn all about the 13 original English colonies!
by

Rebbecca Levanduski

on 7 May 2012

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Transcript of 13 Colonies

13 Colonies
GEOGRAPHY
There were fewer towns and cities in this region. Plantations and farms were fairly spread out. The
plantations were like small villages
. On the plantation stood the planter's home, called the “big house,” a kitchen, a dairy, a smokehouse, shops for brick makers and carpenters, stables, barns, cabins, and often a school.
Important natural resources included
the region’s dense forests and the sea.
GOVERNMENT
The soil was rocky and many areas were not very good for farming. The farms that existed were small.
A lot of settlements grew up along rivers. Most
of the colonies were quite small compared to
colonies like Pennsylvania and the Carolinas.
Town meetings
were an important part of New England government. This was the way people often made decisions. They
voted
on laws and on matters that affected the whole community.
ECONOMICS
Fishing,
including
whaling,
became
an important economic activity.
Many New Englanders also made money in
trading.

Later, some colonists made a living by working in the villages. They became skilled at a particular trade, such as barrel making. Others worked as
merchants
in the various shops and inns.
Fishing, whaling, and trading helped build the
shipbuilding industry
. The forests of New
England supplied the necessary wood. Over time other kinds of goods were manufactured in New England.
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
CULTURE
Towns and villages were very important in the daily lives of New Englanders. Their social lives revolved around
village events
and attending
church.
This region had a
longer growing season
than
New England and soil rich enough to grow crops.
MIDDLE COLONIES
This region had
fertile river valleys
such as the Hudson River Valley. There were also excellent
harbors
along the coast, where cities eventually grew.
Most of the people in this region made their living by
farming.
Food crops were grown, especially corn, wheat, and rye. For this reason, this region became known as the
"Breadbasket of the Colonies.”
People in the Middle Colonies also made money by
trading
raising livestock
mining
unskilled labor jobs
William Penn
set up the Frame of Government of Pennsylvania which included a legislature. People in this colony had
rights
including
freedom of religion, freedom of speech and trial by jury
. These rights were common throughout the region of the Middle Colonies.
Although there were many towns in this region, town meetings like those of the New England region were not common. Each colony in the region had a
governor,
a council of advisors to advise him and a legislature.
The daily life of people who lived here
included:
o Trading goods in the village
o Diverse lifestyles and religions
SOUTHERN COLONIES
This region had
good soil
and an almost year-round growing season that was ideal for
plantation crops
. BUT, crops like
tobacco
ruined fertile soil in only a few years. As land wore out near the coast, planters began to move up the rivers to higher land.
Forests
in the region provided a lot of
wood for making wood products.
People living in the Southern Colonies made
money by farming
cash crops
, like tobacco
and indigo, on large
plantations
and by making
wood products
.
Slavery played a big part in the economy
of the Southern Colonies.
Wealthy plantation owners held most of the political power. They passed laws relating to slavery called “
Slave Codes
.”
The
Anglican Church
, which was the Church of England, was the established church in this region. Quakers and Puritans were pushed out.
Daily Life
Full transcript