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Statistics and Prevention Methods

Eleonor Ramirez

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of Bullying

What every Human Relations Specialist should know
As defined by the CDC, it is any unwanted aggressive behavior by another youth or group of youths who are not siblings or current dating partners that involves an observed power imbalance and is repeated multiple times.

Impacts of Bullying
Nationwide Bullying Statistics
Nearly 1 in 4 students (22%) report being bullied during the school year.
Who is at Risk
Bullying Targets
California Bullying Statistics
Bullying occurs in every state, but there are five top states with the most bullying behavior.

OC Bullying
The 2013-2014 BRIDGES survey of 6,653 students and 484 staff members shows that BRIDGES has helped students obtain a safer experience in schools.
Could cause harm or inflict distress on the youth which include physical, psychological, social, or educational harm.
Students with Disabilities
A study in the British Journal of Learning Support (2008) found that 60% of students compared to 25% of the general population are bullied.
Students of Color
More than 1/3 of adolescents reporting bullying report bias-based school bullying (Russell, Sinclair, Poteat, and Koenig, 2012).
84% of students observed students perceived as overweight being called names or getting teased during physical activities (Puhl, Luedicke, and Heuer, 2011).

Students who Identify or are Perceived as LGBTQ
74.1% of LGBTQ students were verbally harassed (e.g., called names or threatened) because of their sexual orientation and 55.2% because of their gender expression.
LGBTQ students are more than three times as likely to have missed school.
55.5% of LGBTQ students felt unsafe at school because of their sexual orientation, and 37.8% because of their gender expression.

Source: Dosomething.org
Source: 2013 Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network
28% of U.S. students in grades 6–12 experienced bullying.
20% of U.S. students in grades 9–12 experienced bullying.
1- California
2- New York
3- Illinois
4- Pennsylvania
5- Washington
A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (2011), states almost 30% of the 15,686 public school students reported being a victim of bullying, either as a bully or a target.
Source: Simpleacts.org and JAMA network
How we could Help
As community leaders we should demonstrate the example that others can follow.
Speak up:
If one suspects or witnesses a child being bullied, act by notifying educators or parents.

Do Not be a Bystander
Estimated that around 160,000 children miss school every day due to fear of attack or intimidation by other students.
Examples of Bullying?
-The CDC states that it is the 3rd leading cause of death. Results in about 4,400 deaths per year.
-Bullied victims are 7% to 9% more likely to consider suicide.

Source: nces.ed.gov (National Center for Education Statistics)
Impacts of Bullying
Low self-esteem
-Lack of assertiveness
Mental Issues
-Anorexia/Binge eating
*A recent study, 70% of sixth-grade girls stated that they became concerned about their weight when they were about 9 to 11 years old.
*Lead to changes in the chemistry of the brain.

Source: nces.ed.gov (National Center for Education Statistics)
Source: SimpleActs.org
Source: National Education Association
Preventive Measures
School-based program:
Help prevent and decrease bullying by up to 25% (McCallion and Feder, 2013).
Educating the public
Speaking to students who are being bullied and letting them know that they are not alone.

Targets teenagers from grades 6-12th
Minority race or culture
Less popular than others (minorities)
Perceived as different from their peers
(such as: wearing glasses, different clothing or unable to afford what kids consider "cool").
Boys are at a higher risk than girls
Source: Pacer.org
Source: Simpleacts.org and JAMA network
-Students reported that the most helpful things teachers can do are: listen to the student, check in with them afterward to see if the bullying stopped, and give the student advice (Davis and Nixon, 2010).
-Meeting with the bully and the victim to help talk the situation out.
-Teach specific skills and values in the classroom.
-Teach conflict resolution and peer mediation.

-As reported by students who have been bullied, the self-actions that had some of the most negative impacts (telling the person to stop or how you feel or walk away) are often used by youth and often recommended to youth (Davis and Nixon, 2010).

-Speak up and let an authority figure or an adult know of the situation they are currently in.

-Do not spread or help spread rumors.
-Do not insult others.

-Be observant of the child’s changes in their behavior, attitude, and mood towards school.
-Obtain details from the child, ask how they doing in school.
* Have a monthly meeting with the child’s teacher.
-Make sure that the staff speaks with the bully and victim separately and at times the parent.
-Do not advise the child to avoid the bully, since your child cannot live in fear.

Since 2010, the Department of Education along with the Departments of Health and Human Services and Justice, have acted to combat bullying and cyberbullying.

-Some districts of California have implemented programs that have developed more positive behavioral outcomes.
*Examples of Evidence-Based Programs include:
Peace Builders
Focus on Kids
Stop Bullying
Kids Against Bullying
Source: California Healthy Kids Resource Center and StopBullying.gov
-Nearly 1 in 3 students (27.8%) report being bullied during the school year in 2013 to nearly 1 in 4 students (22%) report being bullied during the school year in 2015.
Source: National Center for Educational Statistics
Why does it matters to OC Human Relations?
OC is a large, diverse place where bullying and hurting others should never be tolerated.
OC has the 3rd largest population and is the 6th largest in the nation.
Encourage the youth to build understanding and respect for others.
Our mission is to prevent prejudice and eliminate discrimination, knowing the that the reasons for being bullied as “reported most often by students were looks (55%), body shape (37%), and race (16%)” our role as educators and advocates will help reduce those numbers (Davis and Nixon, 2010).
Source: CDC
Bullying by the numbers, SACK: Is your state #1… in Bullying?, 2013. Retrieved from:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, 2013.

Davis, S., & Nixon, C. (2010). The youth voice research project: Victimization and strategies.
Retrieved from: http://njbullying.org/documents/YVPMarch2010.pdf.

McCallion, G., & Feder, J. (2013). Student bullying: Overview of research, federal initiatives, and
legal issues. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from:

National Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime
Supplement, 2011.

Puhl, R. M., Luedicke, J., & Heuer, C. (2011). Weight-based victimization toward overweight
adolescents: Observations and reactions of peers. Journal of School Health, 81(11),
696-703. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21972990.

Russell, S. T., Sinclair, K., Poteat, P., & Koenig, B. (2012). Adolescent health and harassment
based on discriminatory bias. American Journal of Public Health, 102(3), 493-495.
Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22390513.

Saylor, C.F. & Leach, J.B. (2009) Perceived bullying and social support students accessing
special inclusion programming.Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 21,
Cont. OC Bullying
Source: Kidsdata.org
Bullying/Harassment in Public Schools is a Problem (Students Reported)
86% of the students state that they respect each other.
83% of the students state that they respect the differences.
10 out of 25 students state that they have excluded others or have been harassed.
Source: Kidsdata.org
Level of School Connectedness in Orange County (Students Reported)
Perceptions of School Safety (Students Reported)
Cont. OC Bullying
The National Bullying statistics, 1 out of every 10 students who drops out of school does so because of repeated bullying.
Source: OC Human Relations
Nearly 43% of kids have been bullied online and 1 in 4 had it happen to them more than once.
Only 1 in 10 victims will inform a parent or trusted adult (teacher) of their abuse.
Boys are more likely to be threatened by cyber bullies than girls.
Bullying victims are 2 to 9 times more likely to consider committing suicide.

Cont. Interventions
Cont. Interventions
Source: Simpleacts.org and JAMA network
Source: Simpleacts.org and JAMA network
-Place in programs to develop relationships
-Talk about school culture within a group, with input from students
-Students are talking to other students, staff, and parents

-Have a formal or informal transition plan:
*Regular check-ins
*Students visit with siblings, coaches or clergy
or any individual that they identify as a positive source of support.
Cont. Implementation
Source: California Healthy Kids Resource Center and StopBullying.gov
According to the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network
-The percentage of students bullied has dropped, since 2012 was at 81.9% to 74.1% in 2013.
More than half of bullying situations (57%) stop when a peer intervenes on behalf of the student being bullied (Hawkins, Pepler, and Craig, 2013).
Substance Abuse:
-Middle-school students: 1.6% (not involved in bullying reported marijuana use)
However, 11.4% of bullies and 6.1% of bully-victims (used drugs)
-High school students: 13.3% (not involved in bullying were marijuana users compared to 31.7% of bullies and 29.2% of bully-victims)
Impacts of Bullying
Source: Stopbullying.gov
Source: nces.ed.gov (National Center for Education Statistics)
If not STOPPED, could lead to more HARM
Research has linked bullying to future offending behavior; indicating that 30% to 40% of children with aggressive behaviors grow up to have problems with violence as adults.
*If children start to gain power by not having those bullying patterns addressed, those individuals will often become involved in gangs or violence.
Source: Public Legal Education
Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgenders, and Queers (LGBTQ):
Safety Issues
If Bullying is not prevented it could lead to devastating impacts.
School Safety
Safe School for Safe Learning Act of 2013 was passed in October 2013.
Violence has become a fact of life for many children in many states.
Provides support to youth who have been subject to school-based discrimination, harassment, or bullying.
State wide, schools are to have securities on campus at all times.
Source: Legislature.ca.gov
*Mental Issues
Full transcript