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What's the real cost?

Year 9 Social Studies

John-Paul Powley

on 13 April 2017

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Transcript of What's the real cost?

Economic Decisions
Year 9, Term Two
Taken home
Title Page
This term our topic has a lot to do with
What does that word mean?
The clue is the word
The Globe is the world, and Globalisation is the process of countries becoming more and more connected to each other.
There are two main ways we can see this:
all the stuff from around the world we can buy in shops, and
all the songs, TV shows, tumblr, Facebook communication/culture we share
This isn't the first time that there has been globalisation. From the 16 to the 1900s countries like Britain, France and Spain took over most of the world. That's why people drink tea all over the world, and why they speak Spanish in South America, and English in the Pacific.
This means that everyone thinks everything is made in China, and anything on TV, DVD, or on the internet that is any good was made in the USA.
What globalisation means now is that the world and the people in it are more connected than they ever have been. Aeroplanes, cheap shipping, and the internet have made the world seem smaller than ever.
Here are two stories that are about globalisation. One is a good story and one is a bad story.
The good story is about how the internet can connect people who would never have been able to be connected before:
The bad story is about how rich countries get their clothes (and heaps of other things) made in poorer countries, and how the workers in poorer countries work in terrible and dangerous conditions to keep costs down
It must be time to make a
Your title page needs to include the word
and some pictures that show what you think this word is about.
We're going to learn what globalisation means
Our topic this term is about globalistion
We're going to show our understanding in a title page
Let's look at how globalisation works in the life of an ordinary guy called Daniel, in a made-up town in New Zealand.
Now, read your copy again and highlight every good or service that he uses, and every time he finds out about something outside New Zealand. Annotate the highlighting as you go to show if it is a good or a service or information about the world.
Do you know what a "good" or a "service" is? Think of some examples. This sentence has both in it: "the old Skoda bus comes and Daniel jumps on it."
There are some important words here: produce and consume. We're going to use them a lot.
Daniel's Global Connections
Summarise your annotations into a picture like this in your book:
This whole unit is about economic decisions. If each of you all got $10 you would make different economic decisions about what to do with it. Some of you might save it, some might spend it, or give it to someone, and some might split the money up and do a couple of those things. Each decision you makes comes with a cost. If you spend the whole $10 now, then it costs you the opportunity to spend it on something later. But there are other costs when we make an economic decision, and the question for this unit is: what is the real cost?
Glue this into your book. We will be referring to it a lot.
We will see how we are connected to the world everyday
So that we are aware that what we decide to buy or do everyday has important effects on people around the world
We will read, annotate and summarise Daniel's story
We will define some of our key words and concepts
So that we can use them well in our lessons and in the assessment
We will make a vocabulary list, and look at the concept wheel
So let's imagine you have been given $250 to spend in one day on one thing. What would you spend it on? Now, think about your object and look at the concept wheel. Write down all of the possible costs and benefits you can think of for your product. Hand in your ideas at the end.
This is a concept circle. It is a way to help you get comfortable with using the key concepts for this unit. You have to write one or two sentences that combine these words. You can change the words a little bit if you like.
The house you live in is full of the old economic decisions of you and your whanau. Pull open a kitchen drawer and you will find junk that connects you to almost every corner of the world. Almost anything can lead you on a trail all over the world. Take something simple like some lollies;
This packet, for example, says that Carousel Confectionery makes these lollies...
So Carousel make the lollies, but where does the sugar come from? Who is the biggest sugar producer in New Zealand?
Of course Chelsea also have to get their sugar from somewhere.... Where do you think it comes from?
We start with raw sugar cane shipped right to the refinery door from Queensland in Australia. And we get a lot of it – around 27,000 tonnes every six weeks, which is enough to cover the whole of New Zealand.
Which is fine except...
"One extreme example of environmental destruction by the sugar industry is the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia. Waters around the reef suffer from large quantities of effluents, pesticides and sediment from sugar farms, and the reef itself is threatened by the clearing of land, which has destroyed the wetlands that are an integral part of the reef’s ecology."
(Part of) The Story of Spaceman Candy
On the other hand...
Carousel Confectionery, Chelsea and the sugar plantations in Queensland must give a lot of people jobs, and lollies taste nice.
but, lollies do rot your teeth.
As you can see, a simple pack of lollies can get quite complicated.
Take the worksheet, cut out the strip of pictures and figure out which pieces of text match which picture.
but the box can be fully recycled in New Zealand
Go home, and pick an object in your house. Where did it come from, and what are all the bits that went into it? See if you can figure out where the main part came from originally, and then draw a diagram like the one you just did. We will share what we found out with each other in our next class.
We are beginning to think about where all the things we own are from
So that we can begin to understand how almost the whole world can be connected up through shopping
We will look at one product in detail, and breakdown all of its parts
"Let's share homework. Find out from the person next to what they found out about an object at their house. Then swap. You will report back on each other to the whole class in five minutes."
Our assessment this term is all about how people have different views about globalisation, and how those views are shaped by values. This is a fancy way of saying:
"What does this person think about X, and why do they think that?"
Views and Values
We are looking at how values shape views
Understanding values helps explain different views
We will look different views about the Story of Stuff
China Blue
We're going to watch a movie called China Blue. It is about people at the Lifeng Clothing Company in China who make jeans.
When we watch we are going to be thinking about views and values. It might take a long time to understand the values of some of the people in the movie, but by the end of the movie you should be able to answer all of the questions on the worksheet.
"What are costs or benefits of producing jeans for Jasmine?"
"What are costs or benefits of producing jeans for Mr. Lam?"
The real cost of producing jeans is...
This means that...
For example.... Another example is....
Producing jeans is...
Remember your concept wheel
Today, let's look at disposal. This seems simple, but of course it isn't really. Some things get disposed of straight away like a banana peel. Some things get tossed out after a few days like a carton of milk, and some things might wait years before they get discarded.


Look at the image gallery below, read the captions and ask questions.
As you go fill out this table:
Disposing of E-Waste
Teachers: Please enter this title into Google and view the 13 images and captions with the class.
Disposing of plastic bottles


We are looking at some of the problems to do with disposal
Responsible shoppers think about what happens to what they buy when they're done with it
We will look at a photo gallery and answer some questions



Which words fit in the gaps?
When you make a product it's called ___________.
When you get materials to make a product it's called ___________.
When you throw away a product it's called _________.
An example of production is when apples get picked and put in boxes. Another example is...
An example of extraction is when people drill for oil. Another example is...
An example of disposal is when people throw their empty cans in the bin. Another example is...
Write three sentences using five words from the wheel about the real cost of buying some new Nike running shoes.
You will be given a worksheet to fill in depending on your group. Do not write one word answers. Use proof from the film when you write your answers.
Another word for getting rid of something is:
Another word for making something is:
Another word for getting resources is:
Answer this question using these two concept words: environment & workers - "What can be the real costs of production?"
Answer this question using two concept words: "How can consuming things lead to unhappiness?"
We are still looking at the problem of disposal
We should think about what happens to what we buy after we've finished with it
Watching a video and read an article
"Manufactured Demand"
= a business makes you want something you don't need
When you were at primary or intermediate school what was a toy or a thing that you "had" to have. What was good about it? Where is it now?
The benefits of recycling e-waste for Guiyu are...
Explain the benefits and costs of recycling e-waste in Guiyu.
The benefits of recycling e-waste in Guiyu outweigh the costs. To what extent do you agree with this?
Watch the video and complete the task
Bottled water is bad because:
Bottled water is bad for the
Do you agree with Annie that tap is better than bottled water? Explain.

This is a story about bottled water:
Read the story on your sheet and complete the task.
We are looking at the costs and benefits of extraction
Extraction may be the most hidden part of the process because raw materials are often changed before we see them
Write your answer to this equation, and explain that answer - got any examples to prove your point?
Describe two anti-mining views, and one pro-mining view.
Explain the different views on mining in the video, and use evidence to back up your points in a TEXAS paragraph.
Explain what the anti-mining groups' views have in common. Look at the concept wheel and write about two things that link all these groups. Use a TEXAS paragraph.
Benefits of Guiyu's businesses
Costs of Guiyu's businesses
To make aluminium you need bauxite; a mineral that has to be mined. We are going to look at a short film about a company that wanted to mine bauxite and the people who stopped them. As we watch fill out the table:
Leader of the Dongria Kondh
Lanjigarh People
Makers of the film
Vedanta Resources
We will look at one example from India
Glue in your concept wheel and then annotate the words and add examples during the class discussion
Economic decision
When you listen to other people fill out this table...
Panel Discussion
"The costs of mining the bauxite outweigh the benefits."
The costs outweigh the benefits for the following reasons:
The benefits outweigh the costs for these reasons:
Film Makers
Why do they have these views?
Points of View
When trying to find out the values of an organisation you often have to look at their website for a page called: "About Us" or "Values", "Mission", "Vision".
Vedanta Resources
Survival International
What comes first in this sentence?
Sounds nice, but sustainable for who?
This is a key word. What is a stakeholder?
Is this their core value?
What is a humanitarian?
A bit biased?
What actions have they taken to support their values and views?
Organizing a group to write letters, make phone calls, or send e-mails to policy makers
Persuading the media to cover events or to publish stories that highlight particular issues or embarrass politicians and others in power who refuse to do what’s right
Putting together a social media campaign
Putting together or backing a slate of candidates for public office
Attending, as a group (or packing or disrupting, depending on your philosophy and the circumstances), a public meeting at which an issue of interest to your community is being discussed
Performing street theater
Organizing demonstrations, rallies and marches
Picketing or organizing a strike
Organizing a boycott
Organizing a sit-in
Social Action
Discuss this list and think of real life examples. Have survival-international used any of these? Have the local people used any of these strategies? What have Vedanta or the Indian government done?
Putting it together
Vedanta's viewpoint on the mountain of Niyam Raja is that it contains the valuable resource of bauxite which can be used for making aluminum. Vedanta values making a good profit for its stakeholders. It is a business and must make money to survive. If it doesn't it will close and many people will lose their jobs. To make sure that they can get the bauxite Vedanta has taken quite a few actions. They have got permission from the Indian government to use the land. They have made a media campaign to show that they are a good company that cares about people, and they have put aside money to build the Dongria Kondh new homes.
More short clips here too.
Now, write the same paragraph but for survival international or the Dongria Kondh. You paragraph should explain the point of view, values and actions of the group.
We will look at how views, values and actions go together
This is what you will do in your assessment... it is also a very useful skill when thinking about any news story
We will look at the views, values and actions of Vedanta and Survival International


Unpacking the assessment for this unit
So that you understand the assessment and know what to do to get a good mark
Ask lots of questions
You must create your speech on a google doc and share it with your teacher. If you are away on the day of the panel discussion your teacher will mark your google doc. The panel discussion will still go ahead.
Your class will vote for which side they found the most persuasive. They will do this as a paper vote.
We all buy clothes and clothes definitely connect us to the world. Even if the clothes were made in New Zealand (which most aren't) the material will likely be from another country.
What about your uniform? What are the different parts made of, and where were they made?
What is Fair Trade?
This clip is about fair trade, but it is also about a whole series of decisions. Many of those decisions are economic.
Full transcript