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Science Biome Project - Tropical Rainforest

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MoniqueRachel TangNguyen

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Science Biome Project - Tropical Rainforest

There are many reasons why the tropical rainforest is globally important. First of all, the tropical rainforest provides a habitat for over 30 million species of plants and animals contributing to a variety of biodiversity. Also, the rainforest provides a home for indigenous people. Second, it regulates our climate by storing water like a huge sponge and releasing the water back into the atmosphere in the form of swirling mists and clouds. Third, the tropical rainforest prevents flood,drought and erosion. It prevents erosion because the tree roots hold the soil together and the canopy protects the soil, if the trees were removed, the soil along with nutrients would be washed away by heavy rain. Fourth, the plants in the tropical rainforest are a source of medicine. Fifth, the animals and plants in the rainforest provide organisms food, which is essential for life. Lastly, the tropical has many resources that help oraganism, like wood from trees. Attractions/Tour Packages • is mostly in the area between the Tropic of Cancer (23.5º° north latitude) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5°º south latitude). •fallen foilage and logs What are its abiotic factors •Vines like the Liana climbing vine
-they climb tree trunks into the canopy where there is more sunlight.
•Orchids
-they grow on tall trees to reach sunlight.
•Tall trees
-they absorb most of the sunlight and have leaves with narrow tips that allow rain to run off quickly, therefore the weight on the branches is reduced.
•Shrubs
-they are adapted to the understory of the forest.
•Plants in general have many layers. What are the native plants
and their adaptations to live there Many native animals in the tropical rainforest are adapted to live in trees because there is little vegetation on forest floor and many are specialists (organisms adapted to a particular food or habitat which reduce competition).

•Parrots and toucans
-they use their strong big beaks to cut nuts from trees and crack open the tough shells.

•Three-toed sloth
-they have a low-calorie diet of leaves which makes them less noticeable to predators like jaguars.

•Leaf-cutter ants
-they climb tall trees and cut small pieces of leaves to bring back to their nest to bury the leaf along with the ant’s saliva.By doing this, it causes the growth of fungus and the ants eat the fungus.

•Monkeys and apes
-they have long arms to swing on trees which helps them avoid the predators at the ground What are the native animals and their adaptations to live there Where is it
(geographical distribution) It is located in a band 4800 km wide around the equator. Which… • covers much of Central and Northern South America, Central Africa and Southeast Asia. Where are the tropical rainforests on Earth What are some biotic interactions in the ecosystems http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110526193329AAyVO6m http://www.clker.com/clipart-24015.html http://www.squidoo.com/tropicalrainforest?utm_source=google&utm_medium=imgres&utm_campaign=framebuster •sunlight •precipitation rainfall is about 250 cm per year. •soil poor and infertile because nutients are quickly recycled and not retained and heavy rain washes minerals away. •moisture •temperature about 20°C to 25°C year-round. •rocks weathered



-An example of mutualism would be sloths and algae.The sloth's hairs are grooved, which allows algae to easily take hold and grow on the sloth's fur. This camouflages the sloth and allows the algae to get closer to the sunlight. Commensalism Parasitism Mutualism -An example of commensalism would be vermiliads (plants living on trees in tropical rainforests) and frogs; the frogs get shelter and water from the vermiliad but the vermiliad is unaffected. -An example of parasitism would be ticks and monkeys. Monkeys carry ticks which feed on their blood. Weather Report The average precipitation in tropical rainforests is approximately 250 cm per year. What is the average precipitation? What is the average temperature? As you can see from the climatograph, tropical rainforests are warm, wet forests with many tall trees. The average temperature is around 20C to 25C year-round. The Tropical Rainforest Biome Recreational Activities Some recreational activities are .... -kayaking, archery, sport activities, pony rides, nature walks, waterfall visits, domestic farming, fruit farming, night walks, fishing, and river boat rides. What are some other biomes nearby other biomes nearby for side trips are.... Deserts What is the weather like in the tropical rainforest biome WARNINGS ! Threats to the Biome: Logging (when large areas of forests are cleared they can not evaporate as much water through transpiration (the process by which water evaporates from the leaves and is replaced by water drawn up from the ground through the roots and the stem).
sustenance farming
Industrialized agriculture (In many areas of rainforest, agriculture can be supported only for a few seasons after the forest is cut before the nutrients are depleted. In addition, some tropical rainforest soils undergo a physical transformation when exposed to heat and sun; they bake into an almost solid surface that is unsuitable for plant growth.)
Power plants and other industries cut and burn trees to generate electricity.
The paper industry turns huge tracts of rain forest trees into pulp.
The cattle industry uses slash-and-burn techniques to clear ranch land.
Agricultural interests, particularly the soy industry, clear forests for cropland.
Subsistence farmers slash-and-burn rain forest for firewood and to make room for crops and grazing lands.
Mining operations clear forest to build roads and dig mines.
Governments and industry clear-cut forests to make way for service and transit roads.
Hydroelectric projects flood acres of rain forest
Sustainable-logging regimes that selectively cull trees rather than clear-cut them would save millions of acres of rain forest every year.
Campaigns that educate people about the destruction caused by rain forest timber and encourage purchasing of sustainable rain forest products could drive demand down enough to slow deforestation.
Encouraging people who live near rain forests to harvest its bounty (nuts, fruits, medicines) rather than clear-cutting it for farmland would save million of acres.
Government moratoriums on road building and large infrastructure projects in the rain forest would save many acres. Solutions: The golden lion tamarind or golden marmoset is one of the most endangered animals in the world. The tamarind monkey is nearly extinct because of its strawberry-blond fur, which poachers can sell in the black market for close to $20,000. Golden Lion Tamarind Monkey Endangered Species Gorilla About 80 percent of the gorilla population has become extinct. Gorillas are found primarily in the West Central Africa rain forests. Gorillas face threats from hunters, change in quality of habitat and diseases, such as the Ebola virus. The magnificent jaguar cat is facing complete extinction. Jaguars are threatened by poachers who hunt the cat and the destruction of its rain forest habitat. Jaguar The orangutan's population has declined approximately 80 percent in the last 75 years. Destruction of habitat, hunting and commercial trapping for the wild animal trade have led to the orangutan's near extinction. Orangutan Toucans are mostly found in the rain forests of Central and South America. Many of its 40 different species are endangered. Toucans are threatened by habitat loss and capture for commercial pet markets. Toucan Gear/supplies you should bring * Rain gear
* Insect repellent (the more DEET the better)
* Small flashlight, in case of late arrival; for use around lodge, in room, outdoor, etc
* Camera and lens, plenty of film (50, 100, 200 ASA) and extra batteries for your camera
* Binoculars
* Snacks, candies, gum
* Personal medications
* Zip-lock bags - all sizes
* Sun Protection (Bandana, cap, sun-hat, sun block, etc)
* Book or electronics for entertainment on long boat rides
* Lightweight cotton clothing, including long sleeve shirts and long pants NOT jeans
* Extra pair of shoes or boots
* 1 pair of socks per day with an extra pair
* Large flashlight with strong beam, for night walks
* Extra socks
* Extra batteries for flashlights
* Personal toiletries
* Sleepwear
* Toothbrush/toothpaste Global climate change can shift the rainfall patterns of a rainforest which is vital to the biome.

For many years, it was thought that tropical rainforests were essentially unaffected by climate change Now studies are showing that not only were they changed during past events like ice ages, but some areas are being affected right now by warming. At Monteverdi Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica, clouds are forming higher, drying out some of the habitat and causing changes in flora and fauna.

Lengthening dry periods could drive some species into extinction.

Central and South America: Climate change could alter about two-thirds of the rainforest's biodiversity — the variety and abundance of plants and animals in an ecosystem. Many climate models predict that droughts may become more frequent and severe here as greenhouse gases build up in the atmosphere. Combining that scenario with current patterns of land-use change, the Amazon Basin alone could see changes in biodiversity over 80 percent of the region.
The Congo: Logging and climate change could harm between 35 percent and 74 percent of the forests in the region, and about 70 percent of Africa's tropical forest biodiversity continent-wide.
Asia and the central and southern Pacific islands: Deforestation and logging — which has dropped by more than 22 percent in the last decade — puts between 60 percent and 77 percent of the area at risk of biodiversity losses. Impact of Possible Climate Change: Why is the tropical rainforest globally CITATIONS http://www.rainforestconcern.org/rainforest_facts/why_the_importance/
http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/401.html Google.ca Tropical rainforests house around half the world's plant and animal species.

-Some are near scenic mountain ranges, others surround giant lowland rivers, While some are found near beautiful beaches and coral reefs.

Tropical rainforests offer opportunities for cultural exchange, photography, adventure, fishing, hiking, relaxation, birding, and wildlife spotting. Biome Rainforest Tropical THE BY: Maria Tabud, Monique Tang, Caitlyn Gatus, Alycia Tran A NEED place You,
your family,
and friends to go to have fun ! Grasslands THE TROPICAL RAINFOREST , the place YOU want to be! 604-THE-TROPICAL-RAINFOREST-IS-COOL NOW! Book your flight today and recieve a 30% off package at
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