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Indus and Nile River Valley Civilizations
Transcript of Indus and Nile River Valley Civilizations
Buddhism. Government Organization Nile The Pharaoh was the highest ranked person in the Nile River Civilization. His whole family was highly thought of. Organization of Society Indus mountains and the Arabian Sea prevented disease and war Indus river enriched the soil and crops river was an important source of transportation Nile craftsmen created tools and enhanced the looks of tombs most people in the Nile were farmers servants created the Pyramids Indus the social class you were born in stayed that way Brahmins were high status people such as the king and priests Kshatriyas were soldiers and aristocrats who weren't as highly recognized as Brahmins Vaishyas were farmers, craftsmen, and merchants the lowest level citizens were Shudras who were peasants and servants each village had a teacher who taught young boys discipline Indus Rajahs ruled cities priests were highly recognized and religion had a lot to do with how cities were run created irrigation systems used river as transportation Nile planting crops was so efficient and easy that farmers would scatter seeds around a field and their animals would push the seeds into the soil Nile used the Nile for transportation and trade created basin irrigation which led to the growth of lots of crops and not a lot of labor needed Differences Both Civilizations... had rivers
had irrigation systems
had written language
had rivers that flooded each year
used their rivers for transportation and trade Differences in the Civilizations Include... the Indus flooded twice a year while the Nile flooded once a year the Indus had a language that we still can't understand while the Nile River Civilization used hieroglyphics and most of them are understood the Indus was surrounded by mountains while the Nile was surrounded by desert Nile the Nile river Indus Arabian Sea the Himalayas Indus river Hinduism is one of the oldest religions and is still around today. Hinduism Bibliography believed in many gods other important gods included Osiris, Isis, and Hapi the Egyptians believed in the afterlife and that when you died you went to a better, peaceful world Nile the Egyptians believed that when a pharaoh went to the afterlife they would protect Egypt to prevent decaying of the body, they created embalming where they would do many procedures to reassure the bodies' safety after the many procedures, the body would be ready to be buried and go to the afterlife Ra the sun god Hinduism was developed around 1500 B.C.E. Hinduism In Hinduism, people believe in thousands of gods including Brahman, Vishnu, and Siva. Brahman is one of the most important gods and is the creator of the world. Hinduism Hindus believe that people keep living over and over again until they reach Brahman(the creator of the world) this is known as reincarnation Buddhism The actual Buddha was a prince named Siddhartha Gautama. This prince went outside of his palace one day and saw that people were suffering severely. He wanted to know how to stop their pain but he couldn't figure it out. He left the castle for good in search of an answer. He started fasting and almost died from that. He then decided to meditate to see if that helped. It is believed that he meditated for 49 straight days. When he was done, he spent the rest of his life informing others on what he had figured out. Buddhism The Buddha believed that to understand what he found out, one had to let go of all of the things they desired most. "Early India." Wabash. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://members.wabash.net/~northclay/ncjhs/textbooks/JourneyAcrossTime/PDF/docs/chap06.pdf>. "Ancient Egypt." Ancient Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://members.wabash.net/~northclay/ncjhs/textbooks/JourneyAcrossTime/PDF/docs/chap02.pdf>. "The River Valley Civilizations." The River Valley Civilizations. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.rivervalleycivilizations.com/>. "India - Government." India - Government. William Penn Charter School, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infocentral/frameset/civilizations/india/gov/index.html>. "Lesson 1 What Does It Take to Be A "Civilization"" N.p.: n.p., n.d. 1-7. Print. In Class Article. "Ancient Egypt." Ancient Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://members.wabash.net/~northclay/ncjhs/textbooks/JourneyAcrossTime/PDF/docs/chap02.pdf>. desert little is known about Indus government The River Valley Civilizations. N.d. In Class Article.