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The Elements of Narrative Structure

Shows all the elements of Narrative Structures

Eugene Lee

on 9 November 2012

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Transcript of The Elements of Narrative Structure

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli The Elements of Narrative Fiction Setting Setting is the time and location in which a story takes place. For some stories, the setting is very important while others aren't. Plot The plot is the events to develop the basic idea. The plot is planned and has a beginning, middle, and end Conflict The conflict is very important to the plot. There is no plot without the conflict. Conflict is the opposition of forces which makes the plot move. Point of View The point of view is defined as the angle from which the story is told. Character The person in a work of fiction or the characteristics of a person. There are 5 main parts of setting: 1. Place-geographical location
2. Time-when does the story take place?
3. Weather Conditions-Is it raining, sunny,etc?
4. Social Conditions-daily life of the character?
5. Atmosphere/Mood-What is the feeling in the air? There are 5 important parts of Plot: 1. Introduction/Exposition/Initiating Event- The beginning of the story where the characters and setting is revealed.
2. Rising Action-This where the conflict is revealed and the events of the story become complicated.
3. Climax-This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story.
4. Falling Action-The events begin to resolve and finds out whether the conflict is resolved or not.
5. Conclusion/Resolution-The final outcome and everything resolves. There are 2 types of Conflict External-A struggle with a force outside one's self.
Internal-A struggle within one's self like a decision, overcome a fear, etc. There are 4+ types of conflict Man VS Man (external)-the main character struggles with physical strength against another character.
Man VS Circumstances (external) The main character struggles against his destiny or circumstances against him/her.
Man VS Society (external) The main character struggles against ideas, practices, customs, etc. of people.
Man VS Himself.Herself (internal) The main character struggles with himself/herself and decisions, right and wrong, etc.
There also is Man VS Technology, Man VS Supernatural, Man VS Nature, etc. Persons in a work of fiction Protagonist: the main character of the story-not always on the good side.
Antagonist: the opposer of the main character. The Characteristics of a Person Characterization gives information to the reader about the character themselves. The author can reveal the character by:
1. his/her physical appearance.
2. What he/she thinks, says, feels, and dreams.
3. What s/he does and doesn't do.
4. What others say, think and react to him/her. There are 3 types of POV's 1st person viewpoint: uses you can only hear what other people say, what the character is saying, and the character's thoughts.
3rd person omniscient: You can see all the character's thoughts, words, and feelings.
3rd person limited: You can only get to one person's thoughts and still uses "he and she"
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