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Vaccinations for Kids

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by

Alex Song

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Vaccinations for Kids

Vaccinations for Kids
Pros
No individual should put the public at risk for his/her own personal issues
Mandatory vaccinations can eradicate diseases and death
Risks of not being vaccinated outweigh the small risks associated with being vaccinated
Prevention of future outbreaks
Economic benefits
Cons
Government should not intervene in personal decisions
Often unnecessary
Vaccination may cause rare but serious reactions and autoimmune disorders
Vaccines are promoted primarily to generate profits for businesses
Conclusion
Given pros and cons, the debate on the effectiveness and requirement of vaccinations is still a hot topic in politics and everyday living
What do you think?
Citations
Background information
Vaccination began as a public health practice in 1796
FDA regulates all vaccines to ensure safety and effectiveness
All 50 states require certain vaccinations for children entering public schools with certain exemptions
In 2009, the national avg. vaccination rate for required school entry was 95.41%
Debate has been going on for over a century
"Herd Immunity"
Purposes such as satisfying their personal moral, philosophical, or religious views
Mandatory vaccination has eradicated diseases such as polio and smallpox.
Childhood vaccinations in the US prevent about 10.5 million cases of infectious illnesses and 33,000 deaths per year
90.=99% effective in preventing diseases
Measles and mumps can cause permanent disability and death
Most common adverse reactions to vaccinations are minor soreness and/or fever
Example
Examples
In Boulder, CO, there was a direct correlation with the lack of vaccination and lack of whooping cough resistance
Statistics
According to CDC, every $1 spent on vaccination = $6.30 saved in medical costs
Statistics
31% of parents believe they should have the right to refuse mandated school entry vaccinations
Example
Threat of death from disease is small
Early 1800s, mortality from childhood diseases fell drastically before immunization became available
Attributed to improved living conditions
Example
Anaphylactic shock
Paralysis
Sudden Death
Brain inflammation/developmental problems

Arthritis
Multiple sclerosis
Lupus
GBS
Others
Example
In 2003, a House committee on Government Reform report revealed that the CDC had members with significant financial ties to vaccine companies
AAP receives millions of dollars from vaccine companies
Examples
Examples
American Academy of Pediatrics, "Why Does My Child Need to be Immunized?,"

www.healthychildren.org (accessed Nov. 12, 2013)

Arthur Allen, "Bucking the Herd," Atlantic Monthly, Sep. 2002

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Coverage Estimates for School Entry Vaccinations:

2007-2008 School Year,"

www.cdc.gov (accessed Nov. 12, 2013)

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Education Center, "A Look at Each Vaccine: MMR

(Measles, Mumps and Rubella Vaccine),"

www.chop.edu (accessed Nov. 12, 2013)

Every Child By Two, "Economic Value of Vaccines," www.ecbt.org (accessed Nov. 12, 2013)

Gary L. Freed, et al., "Parental Vaccine Safety Concerns in 2009," Pediatrics, Mar. 1, 2009

Health Resources and Services Administration, "National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act Vaccine

Injury Table,"

www.hrsa.gov (accessed Nov. 12, 2013)

House Committee on Government Reform, "FACA: Conflicts of Interest and Vaccine

Development - Preserving the Integrity of the Process,"

www.house.gov (Accessed Nov. 12, 2013)

Institute for Vaccine Safety, "Thimerosal Table,"

www.vaccinesafety.edu, Nov. 30, 2009

Full transcript