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Transcript of Ancient Greeks
Emilee, Nick ANCIENT GREEKS Government • The Greeks had a lot of different kinds of governments
• In the Late Bronze Age ( 2000 and 1200 BC) almost all Greek city-were monarchies
• Most city-states in the Archaic period were ruled by oligarchies, which are a group of aristocrats
• In the 600s and 500s BC a lot of city-states were taken over by tyrants. They ruled kind of like kings, but without any legal right to rule
• Athens created first democratic government (510 B.C.E.)
(Many Greek city-states kept oligarchic government, or tyrannies, or monarchies, through this whole time) Military Timeline Greeks created The Olympics. Ideology Greeks believed in many gods, they were looked at as an ideal human larger than life. Religion Each god had their own distinct personality and domain They believed their relationship with the gods was a love/hate relationship. They were punished for certain things they did wrong. The religion practice basically consisted of nature, was based on time and the things that happened. Animals were sacraficed, within a sanctuary or in front of a temple to the gods. 2,900 B.C.- The Bronze age with Early Aegean culture starting to emerge. 12,000 B.C.- The Trojan War/Destruction of Troy. 850 B.C.- Development of the first Greek Alpha. 776 B.C.- The first Olympic games are staged. 750 B.C.- Homer writes LLaid and the Odyssey. 600 B.C.- Greek coin, currency intro. 490 B.C.- Greek/Persian wars led by Xerxes. 430 B.C.- Outbreak if the Bubonic plague. 356 B.C.- Alexander the Great, son of King Phillip the 2nd, is born. 323 B.C.- Alexander the Great dies. 641 A.D.- The Slavs overrun Greece. The very word history comes from the greek word historia. Created the Alphabet, Range of art format, and disciplines. The arts of Drama, Biography, Science, Mathematics, The arts of Drama, Biography, Science, Mathematics, all originated in Greece. Technology -Did NOT invent pottery making, weaving, agriculture or smelting. (Passed on from ancestors) -They improved the technology they inherited -In there time frame; they did not make great advances in technology -No motivation -Slaves did most of the work -little interest to supply scientific knowledge to that area -They spread existing knowledge about technology across Europe, Asia Minor (Turkey), and the Near East -Main source of energy was human and animal power (using the ox, etc.) -Used waterpower; invented the water wheel in 100 B.C. Social -Social life of the greeks did not just revolve around dinner and drinking parties -Government officials thought these clubs were suspicious -Groups of these clubs were based on: -Mostly dominated by men -Also around associations and clubs organized around religion and occupation -Shared religious beliefs -Professional and occupational concerns -Social class of a group's members. Bibliography Academics Two types of education: Formal: attained through attendance to a public school or a tutor Informal: unpaid teachers, occurred in a non-public setting Base of academics today created math science and the alphabet <http://www.channel4learning.com/sites/essentials/history/units/greeceideas_bi.shtml>.
"Ancient Greek Government." - Ancient Greece for Kids! N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012.
"Greek Warriors." Ancient Greek Warriors. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012
"Phalanx Formation." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Mar. 2012. Web. 10 Oct.
N.p., n.d. Web. The Phalanx Formation Spartan Dog Tags •Spartans had method of dog tags.
•Each warrior would take a twig and carve a unique shape onto both ends.
•The twig was then snapped in half, one end placed in a bowl (along with the others) and the other end was placed on a string that was worn around the Spartan’s wrist.
•If alive at the end of the battle the warrior would then reclaim the other end of his twig.
•The unclaimed twigs were counted, and that would total their death count. •Each warrior fought for personal glory instead of in an organized formation (Bronze Age 1600BCE)
•Battles started with taunts and jeers, followed by duels between Champions
•If neither side surrendered, the battle would begin
•During the Bronze Age, starting around 1600BC each warrior fought for personal glory instead of in an organized formation
•Considered ranged weapons (bow and arrow) to be cowardly and avoided them
•Men fought armed with spears and short swords
•Had shields and armor
•The phalanx used in ca. 750–350 BC The Fall of the
Greek Empire Started around 200 BCE
Within 60 years, Greece was conquered by Rome
Battle of Gythium – With some Roman assistance, Philopoemen of the Achaean League defeats the Spartans
146 BCE Battle of Corinth – Romans defeat the forces of Critolaus, who is killed. Corinth is destroyed and Greece comes under direct Roman rule. <http://www.metmuseum.org/search-results?ft=anciient greece religion&pg=1&cat=MetMedia>. <http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/01-ancient-greece-timeline.htm>. Economic imported goods were extremely important
craftsmanship and commerce became increasingly valuable
fish were popular in markets
fishing, fighting, piracy, and trading were big
bulk of Greek population was rural Agriculture tightness of soil
important to control wheat
lacked available land
most common livestock was sheep&lamb
woods were exploited
bees were kept for honey
80% of Greeks were employed in agriculture
Trade imported wheat and grain
imported papyrus, spices, fabrics, and metals
shipbuilding materials such as wood, linen, and pitch
exported wine, olive oils and pottery
merchants lacked sufficient cash assets answer ur fone nick!!!!