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The Three Branches of Government
Transcript of The Three Branches of Government
Photo based on: 'horizon' by pierreyves @ flickr
Article 3: The Judicial Branch
-INTERPRETS AND ENFORCES LAWS
Students will meet with their partners.
Which branch of government
has the majority of the power according to the Constitution?
D. None of the Above
1. Carries out the laws
2. Serves as commander in chief of the armed services
3. Appoints judges, ambassadors, & other officials
4. Makes treaties
The Congress: Senate & House of
Makes Laws to:
1. Lay and collect taxes; pay the debts; provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States
2. Regulate interstate and foreign commerce
3. Declare war
The Supreme Court
1. Interprets laws and treaties
2. Enforces laws
REVIEW: The Constitution
- 2 senators from each state (100 members)
- 6 year terms
- presided over by the vice president, or the President of the Senate
House of Representatives:
- Reps. elected from states based on population (435 members)
- 2 year terms
-presided over by the Majority leader, or Speaker of the House
Article 2: The Executive Branch
- EXECUTES LAWS
Article 1: The Legislative Branch
-each states elects presidential electors, based on the number of its congressmen.
-the electors then elect the president
-Must be a natural-born citizen or have lived in the U.S. for 14 years
-Must be at least 35 years old
the president appoints judges with confirmation from Senate.
9 justices; terms are for life.
No age limit, experience, or citizenship rules exist, but candidates normally have experience and a background in law.
President can veto a bill
proposed by Congress
Congress can override veto with
2/3 vote of both houses
Congress determines number of judges on Supreme Court
Supreme Court can rule laws passed by Congress as unconstitutional
President appoints Supreme
Supreme court can rule
presidential actions as
Everyone will construct a comparison and contrast chart on the Three Branches of government
we will review at the end of class
Duties of Legislature:
pass laws by majority vote
coin and borrow money
confirm the presidential appointee
Duties of Executive Branch:
head of government
- oversees the administration of the state, managing bureaucracy, and enforces law
—oversees state's ambassadors, manages/ and determines foreign policy
commander in chief
—commanding the state's armed forces and determining military policy and the cabinet ministers.
Duties of the Judicial
Interprets federal laws & the US Constitution
Resolves legal disputes
Trying criminal and civil cases
One Chief Supreme Court Justice presides over the whole Court