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Computer Operating Systems

A brief overview of Windows, Mac, and Linux.
by

Erica Canfield

on 6 July 2011

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Transcript of Computer Operating Systems

A Brief Overview of Windows,
Mac, and Linux Windows is a series of Operating Systems created by Microsoft. Microsoft first introduced
an operating environment named Windows
in 1985 as an add on to MS-DOS in response
to the new interest in Graphical User Interfaces. The most recent Operating Systems from Microsoft Windows is Windows 95, 98, NT, 2000, XP, Vista, and 7. Windows 95
Released in August 1995.
The first OS that started the change to the new Windows we know today.
Long file names
Plug and play
32-bit applications
New technological improvements from Windows 3.1 Windows 98
Released in June 1998.
Better shell enhancements
Windows Driver Model
Better USB Support
Improved system tools. Windows NT & 2000
Windows NT 3.1 was the first version to utilize 32-bit virtual memory.
Windows NT was mostly used for Servers, until Windows 2000
NT is still used today. Windows 2000
Windows 2000 is the first OS derived from Windows NT.
Ran a fully 32-bit version of Windows.
Many new features
A new security system designed to protect critical system files. System Restore
New look with better GUI improvements Windows XP
Released to manufacturers Aug 24th, 2001; retail Oct 25th, 2001.
New look for applications
Introduced XP 64-bit. Windows Vista
Released Jan. 30, 2007. 6 years after XP.
New Interface - Windows AERO (Authentic, energetic, reflective, and open.)
New features - applications, backups, and security software.
New security technology. User Account Control (UAC).
Windows Defender
Windows Firewall Windows 7 (Seven)
Released to manufacturer on July 22, 2009 and to retail Oct. 22, 2009.
Windows 7 set to be compatible with Vista and XP applications. New interface; cleaner and pleasing
New "eye candy".
New Windows Sidebar
Some new features. A brand new Operating System with Vista's technology but XP's user-friendly interface. Security
Same basic features as Vista, except bugs have been worked out. New Internet Explorer with virus protection. Windows 95 Desktop Mac OS X: Tiger Tiger Version 10.4
5th major release of Mac OS X, released April 29, 2005 for $129.95
New and upgraded features and applications
New Interface End-user features
Spotlight
iChat
Safari RSS
Mail 2
Dictionary/Thesaurus
Quicktime 7 New Applications
Automater
Grapher
AU Lab
Dashboard
New Interface
More of a "smooth glassy" look compared to the faint pinstripes of its previous: Panther. OS X: Leopard
v10.5: 6th major release, released on Oct. 26, 2007.
Leopard released system for PC and system for servers, called Mac OS X Server.
New features, applications, and User Interface. Created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds Created in 1984 by Apple. Linux
First free Operating System
Can be installed on several different devices
Leading server OS and is ran on the 10 fastest super computers. Benefits of Linux
Faster than Windows or Mac.
Anyone can explore the program code.
Can install what you need instead of with Windows or Mac, there are a lot of default programs installed with OS installation. Downfalls of Linux
Applications don't have Linux versions.
Requires more thought and effort.
Support is hard to find.
Hardware device drivers. OS X: Snow Leopard
v10.6 - 7th major release. Released Aug, 28th, 2009 for $29.00 (single user license) Goals of Snow Leopard
New applications and wallpapers
New security feature OS X: Lion
v10.7 - 8th major release. Set to release July 2011
Available for $29.99 from the MacApp Store.
New User Interface Lion set to be used on the new iPad 2.
New Extreme Applications! New high-tech user-friendly interface.
Faster start-up, etc. Windows NT (New Technology)
Released in July 1996
v3.1 was the first version to utilize 32-bit VM.
Windows NT was used mostly for servers until Windows 2000 Windows NT & 2000 "Apple - OS X Lion - The world’s most advanced desktop operating system.." Apple. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://www.apple.com/macosx/>.
Larson, Lawrence, John Oliphant, Douglas Bonham, and Randy Kaeding. "Operating Systems." Introduction to Personal Computers. St. Joseph, Michigan: Healthkit Educational Systems, 2009. 3-1 - 3-22. Print.
"Mac OS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS>.
"Mac OS X - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X>.
"Mac OS X Leopard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X_Leopard>.
"Mac OS X Lion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X_Lion>.
"Mac OS X Snow Leopard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X_Snow_Leopard>.
"Mac OS X Tiger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X_Tiger>.
"Microsoft Windows - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows>.
"Windows 2000 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_2000>.
"Windows 7 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_7>.
"Windows 95 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_95>.
"Windows 98 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_98>.
"Windows NT - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_NT>.
"Windows Vista - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Vista>.
"Windows XP - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_XP>.
field, and Bruce (May 2009). "Linux Desktop Market Share: Greater Than One Percent?". "Linux - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux>.
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