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Module 6 Lesson 3 Assignment
Transcript of Module 6 Lesson 3 Assignment
Due to the advancing technologies during the Industrial Revolution, America was able to become more economically interconnected. This is the foundation on which the idea of the National Market is built. Such inventions that revolutionized the National Market were the cotton gin and the steel plow. This profound effect on the American economy became known as the Market Revolution.
What is the National Market?
The Cotton Gin
This expressed that our nation should become more economically strong during the 1800's. This also produced the idea that our nation's technology should advance and we should become more interconnected. This all re-prompted the idea of mercantilism and gave a new boom to importing and exporting. During this time our country became more economically stable and especially after we were able to recoup from the War of 1812.
The Cotton Gin
The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. Before the Cotton Gin it was very hard for people to get it, even though they had trade waterways. Whitney's invention revolutionized the availability of cotton. On one side of his invention a man would put the seeded cotton, it would go through a cylinder with several teeth, and come our clean on the other side. His invention was ingenious and effective.
The Effects of the Cotton Gin
The Steel Plow
This new found invention allowed a single slave to produce 50 pounds of cotton. This increased the demand for slaves and made cotton highly profitable. It was worth so much that farms dropped their other crops just to grow cotton. With so much cotton northern states built factories and were able to manufacture clothing. These factories hired the first waged workers, who were paid by hour. Eli Whitney's invention was the beginning of a very large revolution.
John Deere invented the steel plow in 1837. Deere's steel plow was designed from, as the name implies, steel. This was the first of its kind and was different from the wooden plows. Another difference was that these plows were now horse driven aside from oxen driven. This was a huge change in the farming industry.
The Effects of the Steel Plow
Before the steel plow, plows had many mechanical issues. They were not time efficient and they easily broke. The new steel plow was horse driven and could till soil faster and was cheaper to maintain. The plows helped especially in the prairie areas because it could cut through the tall grasses. Deere's invention turned him into a millionaire and made the first step in John Deere machinery we use today.
The Mechanical Reaper
The Mechanical Reaper
The Effects of the Reaper
The mechanical reaper was more time efficient by a factor of five times. Prior to the reaper the wheat crop practically died off because of the lack of efficiency. The farmers were able to make huge profits off of the newly brought back wheat crop. At one point so many farmers were growing wheat that they produced more than the West could consume..
The Effects of the Telegraph
The Cotton Kingdom
The Cotton Kingdom
Image of the Southern States
Image Depicting Nativism
The mechanical reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831. The plow was mostly used to gather wheat from crop fields. The farmer would walk along side the reaper as horses or oxen pushed it in the field. This was an innovation compared to the usual manual gathering of the wheat by the farmers.
Plans for the telegraph began in 1835 by Samuel F.B. Morse. He is also known for the creation of the Morse code. In his first prototypes he was able to produce dots and dashes that is now known as Morse code. Congress assisted Morse financially to run a telegraph wire from Baltimore to Washington D.C. In 1958 the very first transatlantic line was placed.
The telegraph changed the means in which information could be received. Prior to this invention it would take weeks by boat to communicate with England. This telegraph made it possible respond much faster and more efficient than before. Not to mention Morse also created a new form of language in the process.
The Cotton Kingdom was the cotton producing southern states of the United States up until the Civil War. As white settlers from Virginia and the Carolinas moved in they established plantations. The section remained indelibly tied to and controlled by plantation agriculture. Though there were many staple crops in these states. It was cotton production that controlled life in the region.
Native born citizens of the United States did not believe that immigrants should be able to come and take their jobs. The felt that they should have a special preference over those who immigrated. This created tension between the natives and the immigrants from other countries. This would later create major problems with supremacy and segregation.
By: Johnathan Gay