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PAQ Conference Presentation

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Steve Zwolak

on 28 January 2017

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Transcript of PAQ Conference Presentation

How can we disrupt the trend of
preschool expulsions?

Among the 40 states that fund early childhood education,
Missouri ranked 10th in highest number of children expelled
Expulsions are
greatest among
preschool-aged
children.

from a preschool setting due to discipline problems.
Yale professor Walter Gilliam shocked the nation.
He showed that young African-American
boys are most vulnerable to what he calls
“the capital punishment of schools.”
Expulsions are most
often attributed to a
child's lack of
self-control.
What HAPPENS to the expelled child?
continuity
friendships
sense of belonging
self-esteem
attachments
loss of...
Are you ready to help disrupt the
trend of preschool expulsions?
His research showed that preschoolers are
expelled at three times the rate of children in kindergarten through 12th grade.
of the brain is
developed before the age of five
Executive Function Skills
Self-Control
Mental Flexibility
Working Memory
Sound emotional development is the foundation of executive function skills and leads to academic readiness and future success.
One in ten children has a mental illness serious enough to impair how he or she functions at home, at school, and with peers.
Children need healthy attachments
One in five low-income children ages 6 to 17 has mental health problems.
Factors that predict mental health problems can be identified during the early years of childhood. Early detection and intervention strategies for mental health issues improve children's resilience and ability to succeed in life.
The development of a child's self-control is dependent on healthy attachments, and a lack of self-control is the most-cited reason for pre-school expulsion.
What prevents healthy attachments?
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
Physical abuse
Sexual abuse
Emotional abuse
Physical neglect
Emotional neglect
Mental illness of a
household member
Substance abuse by a
household member
Divorce, separation, or
death of a parent
Witnessing domestic violence
towards a parent
Incarceration of a
household member
At-risk children are more than twice as likely as their more affluent peers to have three or more ACEs.
ACEs
ACEs leave a lasting signature on a child’s genetic predisposition that affect emerging brain architecture and long-term health and mental health.
ACEs Impact on
2,100 children in
10 schools
248 (8.5%) children with 3 or more ACEs had:

3 X the rate of academic failure
4 X the rate of poor health
5 X the rate of severe attendance problems
6 X the rate of school behavior problems
Children need healthy attachments.
(Spokane, WA)
How LUME is disrupting the
Trend of Preschool Expulsions
teaching educators to understand the emotional development of children
trained to provide therapeutic support to children and families
recognizing the importance of family history
provide real-time support for parents and families
Teaching Early Childhood Education
Angry Love
Ruthless Compassion
They will be called upon to perform triage in the classroom with composure and affection.
Developing a culture of mental health:
Investing in early childhood education
Reflection Actvity:
Hot Buttons
"Childhood exposure to trauma was strongly
and scientifically linked to all kinds of ailments
and risky behaviors: heart disease, hepatitis, autoimmune disease, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression and suicide."
Dr. Nadine Burke Harris
Reflection Activity
I have come to a frightening conclusion. I am the decisive element in the classroom. It is my personal approach that creates the climate. It is my daily mood that makes the weather. As a teacher I possess tremendous power to make a child’s life miserable
or joyous.

I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal.

In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated, and a child humanized or de-humanized.
Why do teachers teach?
Patterns of Attachment
Secure Attachment
Avoidant Attachment
Ambivalent Attachment
Disorganized Attachment
Forms of Attachment
15
Temperament
Types of Temperament
Fearful
Feisty
Flexible
Johari Window
“We learned through the LUME program how what we do as adults, we learned when we were kids. Like when I was a kid I was bullied a lot, so that caused me to be late for school. So then it became this unknown thing – why I was running late on bigger projects, like work.

With LUME’s methods, I learned to look into what had happened to me when I was a child, and see how that makes an impact on my adult life.

If we can identify that, we may be able to find our triggers, and when you know your triggers, you know what’s going on, and you can keep that from getting in the way of your work with children.”

Teracita, LUME Student and
Early Childhood Educator

We need to help teachers understand themselves
so they can better understand children.
“Even among families where the love bonds are stable and strong, intruders from the parental past may break through the magic circle in an unguarded moment, and a parent and his child may find themselves reenacting a moment or a scene from another time with another set of characters."

We need to help teachers understand themselves
so they can better understand children.
Selma Fraiberg, Ghosts in the Nursery
17
Why do you teach in early childhood? Why do you get hit,
kicked, bitten, and spit on, while parents are angry with you
for letting it happen, because it doesn’t happen at home?
Reflection Activity:
ATTACHMENTS
"Since brain circuits organize and reorganize themselves in response to an infant’s interactions with his or her environment, exposing babies to a variety of positive experiences (such as talking, cuddling, reading, singing, and playing in different environments) not only helps tune babies in to the
Patricia Kuhl, Ph.D.
Photo Credit: Mark Harrison / The Seattle Times
Our early attachment styles are established in childhood through the infant/caregiver relationship.

In addition to this, Bowlby believed that attachment had an evolutionary component; it aids in survival.

"The propensity to make strong emotional bonds to particular individuals [is] a basic component of human nature"
John Bowlby
language of their culture, but it also builds a foundation for developing the attention, cognition, memory, social-emotional, language and literacy, and sensory and motor skills that will help them reach their potential later on."

DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES
FOR EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING
Reflection Activity:
Creating an emotionally
responsive classroom
1
LUME INSTITUTE
STEPHEN P. ZWOLAK, M.Ed.
Visit lumeinstitute.org to learn more
Follow us on Facebook
Follow us on Twitter
Chief Executive Officer
szwolak@lumeinstitute.org
314.726.0148
ENDNOTES
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Zero to Three - National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families
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New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. 2003. "Achieving the promise: Transforming mental health care in America"
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Howell, R. Access to children's mental health services under Medicaid and SCHIP
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From Neurons to Neigborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development. 2000.
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Helping the most vulnerable infants toddlers, and their families.
Adolescent Resilience: A framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. 2004.
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ENDNOTES
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http://acestoohigh.com/2012/02/28/spokane-wa-students-child-trauma-prompts-search-for-prevention/
essentialparent.com/2010/05/22/the-forms-of-attachment/
examiner.com/article/create-new-buzz-old-friendships
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Howell, R. Access to children's mental health services under Medicaid and SCHIP
Gilliam, W. S. (2005). Prekindergarteners left behind: Expulsion rates in state prekindergarten systems. New Haven, CT: Edward Zigler Center in Child Development and Social Policy.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Adverse Experiences: Indicators on Children and Youth
The lifelong effects of early childhood adversity and toxic stress.
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Gilliam, W. S. (2005). Prekindergarteners left behind: Expulsion rates in state prekindergarten systems. New Haven, CT: Edward Zigler Center in Child Development and Social Policy.
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Creating an Emotionally Safe Classroom by Dr. Bruce Perry, published in Early Childhood Today magazine.
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Rand Corporation http://www.rand.org/
Weintraub, et al., (2011)
- Haim Ginott, 1922-1973
Creating Emotionally
Responsive Environments
Full transcript