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Origins of the Cold War
Transcript of Origins of the Cold War
Soviets and Americans had very different views on government
Gain access to raw materials and markets
Rebuild European governments to ensure stability
Contain Communism or prevent the spread of Communism to other countries
The Potsdam Conference
Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe occupied by the Soviets
The United Nations
Established in 1945 to create peace
Security Council: US, GB, France, Russia, China
Area of competition for the US and SU
Each wanted to spread their influence to other countries
Western Europe= Democratic
Stalin- Soviet Union
Clement Attlee- Britain
Access to raw materials and industry
Balance US influence
Keep Germany divided and weak so it would not threaten the soviet union.
Origins of the Cold War
Soviet Union vs. The US
The Iron Curtain
Invisible line of division between the two sides
The Marshall Plan
US provided aid to all European nations that needed it.
Use resources/supplies to make the people favor the US over the Soviet Union
The Berlin Airlift- 1948
Germany divided into 4 zones
US, GB, France, Soviet Union
Stalin closed routes to west Berlin
Blockaded west Berlin
Food and resources dwindled
US and GB flew in food and supplies
2.3 million tons of supplies for 327 days
Bipolarity: Two nations have the most international influence
The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as two superpowers
10 European countries, the US, and Canada form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
US entered into a military alliance that pledged support to each other
FOREVER ALONE NO MORE
Bye, Bye Isolationism :(
Currently 28 nations in NATO.
Problems with expansion?
Turkey and Greece
The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms.
If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world -- and we shall surely endanger the welfare of our own nation.
Great responsibilities have been placed upon us by the swift movement of events.
The Truman Doctrine
Multipolarity= Pre-WWII and modern world.
Distributions of Power
What can happen when a culture is misunderstood? Give an example? How is the US misunderstood? How do we misunderstand other cultures?
I can define bi-polarity and identify early events of the Cold War.