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Origins of the Cold War

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by

Chloe Cesler

on 21 August 2017

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Transcript of Origins of the Cold War

Different Ideologies
Soviets and Americans had very different views on government
Soviets= Communist
US= Democratic
US Goals
Encourage Democracy
Gain access to materials and markets
Rebuild European governments
Reunite Germany
Containment
Containment Policy=
Contain Communism
or
prevent the spread of Communism to other countries.
The Potsdam Conference
Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe occupied by the Soviets
The United Nations
Established in 1945 to create peace
Security Council: US, GB, France, Russia, China
Area of competition for the US and SU
Each wanted to spread their influence to other countries
Europe Divided
Western Europe= Democratic
Muhaha PSYCH!
Truman- US
Stalin- Soviet Union
Clement Attlee- Britain
Soviet Goals
Encourage Communism
Access to materials and industry
Keep Germany divided and weak so it would not threaten the Soviet Union.
Origins of the Cold War
Soviet Union vs. The US

Eastern Europe=Communist
The Iron Curtain
Invisible line of division between the two sides
The Marshall Plan
US provided aid to all European nations that needed it.
Use resources/supplies to make the people favor the US over the Soviet Union
The Berlin Airlift- 1948
Germany was divided into 4 zones after WWII
US, GB, France, Soviet Union
Stalin closed routes to west Berlin
Blockaded west Berlin
Food and resources dwindled
US and GB flew in food and supplies
2.3 million tons of supplies for 327 days
May 12, 1949 Stalin lifted the blockade
Superpower= a very powerful and influential nation
The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as two superpowers
NATO
Created in 1949
10 European countries, the US, and Canada form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
US entered into a military alliance that pledged support to each other

When two nations have the most international control it is called=
Bipolarity

Distributions of Power
vs.
Warsaw Pact
Bell Ringer
How did World War II end?
Learning Target:
I can analyze the causes and effects of Cold War events on the US and the Soviet Union.
(Standard 5)
Cold War= 1947-1991
Created in 1955
Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria
Learning Target: I can research events of the Cold War and analyze US policy.
What was Containment Policy? How did it impact US foreign policy actions?
Bell Ringer
The US Response to the Cold War...
Full transcript