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Alexander Calder: Intro to Sculpture

Art Education
by

Kaitlin Kremer

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Alexander Calder: Intro to Sculpture

Metal Sculpture: wire, foil, aluminum foil, metal sheets





Reuse Sculpture: all kinds of found objects; cardboard, boxes, cans, containers, nuts, bolts, wood, styrofoam, etc. (Remember the Brazilian artist, Vik Muniz)




Clay Sculpture: three kinds of clay are kaolin,
stoneware, & earthenware A kinetic sculpture is a sculpture that:

contains moving parts

or

depends on motion for the viewer to see
the artist's desired effect

(artists may use electricity, steam, wind, clockwork, or engines to make their sculptures move) Sculpture: 1)
In-the-round: the free-standing statue; not attached to
any other surface (except to the base)



2)
Relief: sculpture that is carved from the "background"
of the artwork; think of a president's head carved from
the background of a coin Two Most Basic Types of Sculpture: What materials (mediums) can be used to make sculptures? Another type of sculpture... Your challenge IS: Kinetic To make a kinetic sculpture
(a sculpture with moving parts)
out of mixed media
(random materials) Alexander Calder
(1898-1976) Alexander Calder is an American artist born in 1898.

He had parents that were both artists-his father a sculptor, his mother a painter.

Alexander made his first kinetic sculpture at age 9.

Once he graduated high school, he decided to follow a career as an engineer.

On one fateful morning, Alexander saw a sunrise and a full moon at the same time--an event in his life that inspired him to pursue his career as an artist. noun a work of art in three
dimensions (3D), meaning
it has form. His First Works Alexander Calder's first sculptures were made from metal, wire, leather, and other found materials.

He created a collection of miniature sculptures depicting the people and animals he saw at the circus. Transition to Mobiles In 1930, Calder visited the studio of Piet Mondrian and was amazed. What Calder saw were Mondrian's paintings of lines and geometric shapes in the primary colors.
He tried painting for a short time, but decided his passion was sculpting.

In 1931, Calder created his first truly kinetic sculpture and gave form to an entirely new type of art.

The first of these sculptures moved by using systems of cranks and motors, and were named "mobiles" (French for "motion“ and "motive") by Marcel Duchamp. Mobiles that would rise and fall on their own
were called "stabiles".
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