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Religious Views on Capital Punishment
Transcript of Religious Views on Capital Punishment
I am comparing and contrasting views on capital punishment between and within religions. If a man commits adultery with his neighbour's wife, both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death. Leviticus 20:10 Most religions are against capital punishment. However, some Christians and Muslims believe that it is right. For capital punishment Christianity Against capital punishment For capital punishment Islam Against capital punishment The Old Testament Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot Exodus 21:24 Man was made like God so whoever murders a man will himself be killed by his fellow man Genesis 9:6 Anyone who hits a person hard enough to cause death must be put to death Exodus 21:12 Retribution Deterrence Protection The New Testament Love your enemies! Do good to them. Luke 6:35 Jesus preached forgiveness, the non-judgement of others and The Golden Rule. Do to others as you would have them do to you. Reform The Ten Commandments You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. Matthew 5:38 The Church of Scotland affirms that capital punishment is always wholly unacceptable and does not provide an answer even to the most heinous of crimes; and commits itself to work with other churches and agencies to advance this understanding, oppose death sentences and executions and promote the cause of abolition of the death penalty worldwide. The Church has always seen itself as a way to bring new life to criminals. The Church thinks punishment should be used to reform criminals so that they can live in society. Christianity is about the power of God to save people and change their lives. It is justice: Anyone who takes another life deserves to have their life taken.
Murderers could kill or be violent to people in prison. People are better than the worst thing they have ever done. ‘…take not life, which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus does He command you, that you may learn wisdom’ (6:151)
‘…if anyone slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.’ (5:32) The Qur’an Islam teaches that punishment should be based on deterrence, retribution and protection.
Severe punishments are used to make people afraid of committing crimes.
Some crimes are punished by retribution where the criminal pays compensation to the victim or the victim's family. Islamic Law (Shariah) and Punishment
‘If you punish your enemy, then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted.’ (16:126)
This means that a person should be punished according to the harm that they have caused.
Do you think Islam supports or opposes capital punishment for murder? The Qur’an states
Murder In Islamic law, the death penalty is appropriate for: The Ulamas (those who are learned in Islamic Law, constitution and theology) do not always agree on the interpretation or authenticity of the sacred texts. Neither do they agree on the social context in which these texts should be applied. Muslims also think that mercy is important. They believe that Allah (God) forgives us all for the wrong things we do and so we should forgive others too. Do these quotes support the death penalty? There is a small but growing abolitionist Islamic view. In some Islamic states the accused have been denied lawyers but have still been sentenced to death. These acts are totally contradictory to the concept of Islamic justice. Which religion's holy scriptures does this quote come from? Which theory of punishment do these quotes fulfil? Islam For Capital Punishment Against Capital Punishment Buddhism & Hinduism For other religions like Hinduism and Buddhism, the taking of life is always wrong and so followers of these religions would be against the death penalty. Teresa Lewis is 41 and confessed to killing her husband and stepson so she could make a large insurance claim. She did not kill them herself but paid her two lovers at the time to do it.
There are questions about her mental capacity. Lewis's lawyer stated that “She’s not mentally retarded, but she is very, very close to it." Work in your groups to create an argument why Teresa should or should not be sentenced to death. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teresa_Lewis
http://www.online-stopwatch.com/eggtimer-countdown/full-screen/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teresa_Lewis "The death penalty should be brought back into the UK as a form of punishment." Do religious people agree or disagree with this quote?
In your answer you should refer to at least one religion. The Church of Scotland General Assembly, Church and Society Council, The Death Penalty, May 2008 I will be able to discuss the capital punishment views of different religions.
I will be able to apply that knowledge to sentence a criminal in a real life, historical criminal case. Apostasy (when one leaves the faith and turns against it) Adultery Whoever repents after committing evil and mends his ways, shall be pardoned by God. God is forgiving and merciful. Qur'an 5:39