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Journal Article, Six Authors or More

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Melinda Livas

on 19 June 2015

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Transcript of Journal Article, Six Authors or More

Journal Article, Six Authors or More
Reference in the text
. . . the nutritional value of figs is greatly enhanced by combining them with the others (Cates et al., 2009).

Reference on Reference Page---(New)
Cates, A. R., Harris, D. L., Boswell, W., Jameson, W. L., Yee, C., Ball, W., . . . Peters, A. V. (2009). Figs and dates and their benefits. Food Studies Quarterly, 11, 482-489.

E-Mail, newsgroups, online forums, discussion groups, and electronic mailing lists Personal communications, which are not archived, should not be included in reference lists.

They are cited within the text only: Smith, Fred ("personal communication," January 21, 2010)

WSSU

RN-BSN OPTION

APA PRESENTATION

APA Tutorial—http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/basics/index.htm

Purdue University—
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

WEBSITES—APA FORMAT

Sample Reference Page Cont’d

References

Quinn, D., Levine, S. V., Chambers, C., Wolfe, L., Chapman, H., Caravan. J. D., … Jackson, J. J. (2008). Addressing concerns of pregnant and lactating women after the 2005 hurricanes. MCN, the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 33(4), 235.

Rau, G., Blair, K. S., Berger, L., & Knopf, L. (2008). Processing of differentially valued rewards and punishments in youths with bipolar disorder or severe mood dysregulation. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 18(2), 185.


Siegel, J. H., & Parker, L. M. (2008). A collaborative approach to nutritional counseling of the overweight child. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 13(3), 226-229.

 Samson, A. A. (2009, July). Title of the paper or fantastic poster that was presented. Paper or poster session presented at the meeting of the Organization Name, Location.

POSTER PRESENTATION

Passons, W. (2007). Predictive validities of the ACT, SAT, and high school grades for first semester PA and freshman courses. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 27, 1143-1144.

Sawyer, J. (2006). Measurement and prediction, clinical and statistical. Psychological Bulletin, 66(3), 78-200.



CONTINUOUS, NON-CONTINUOUS PAGES

Willemsen-Dunlop, A. M. (2004). Assessing the competence of nurses trained to manage patients receiving procedural sedation and analgesia: A new application for generalizability theory. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health. (AAT 3129358).


Brown, A. A. (2008). Title of the doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC.

DISSERTATION FROM DATABASE


Ross, D. F. (2008). Unconscious transference and mistaken identity: When a witness misidentifies a familiar but innocent person from a lineup (Doctoral dissertation, Cornell University, 2000). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 417.

Dissertation--from Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI)
Bower, D. L. (2007). Employee assistant programs supervisory referrals: Characteristics of referring and non-referring supervisors. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54(01), 534B. (UMI No. 9315947)

Journal Article, Two Authors


Becker, M. B., & Rozek, S. J. (2009). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social Issues, 32, 230-343.

Journal Article, One Author

Simon, A. (2009). Perceptual comparisons through the mind’s eye. Memory & Cognition, 23, 635-647.


Citing articles in weekly periodicals


Kauffman, S. (2008, October 18). On films: Class consciousness. The New Republic, p. 30.

Newspaper articles
Monson, M. (2008, September 16). Urbana firm obstacle to office project. The Champaign-Urbana News-Gazette, pp. A1, A8.

Citing articles in monthly periodicals


Chandler-Crisp, S. (2008, May) "Aerobic writing:" A writing practice model. Writing Lab Newsletter, pp. 9-11.

Book-Specific Edition

Brockett, O. (2009). History of the theatre (5th ed.).
Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

More Than Seven
Mole, F. H., Chew, M. J., Bam, L. L., Haland, A. A., Teamos,
J. A., Roberts, S. T., . . . Blueberry, L. H. (2010). Jumping through hoops as often as necessary. Teaching Technical Communication 59(12), 12-18.

Grice, H. P., & Gregory, R. L. (Eds.). (2008). Early language development. New York: McGraw-Hill

CITATION-EDITED COLLECTION

Festinger, L., Riecken, H., & Schachter, S.(2009).
When prophecy fails Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Roeder, K., Howdeshell, J., Fulton, L., Lochhead, M., Craig, K., Peterson, R., et al. (2009).

Nerve cells and insect behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.


BOOK—MULTIPLE AUTHORS

All sources included in the References section must be cited in the body of the paper
(and all sources cited in the paper must be included in the References section).
The Reference section begins on a new page. 

REFERENCES

Sam (2009) found the following:
The placebo effect disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner. Furthermore, the behaviors were never exhibited again, even when real drugs were administered. Earlier studies conducted by
the same group of researchers were clearly premature in attributing the results to a placebo effect. (p. 276).

LONG QUOTATIONS

He stated, “the placebo effect disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner" (Symith, 2009, p. 276), but he did not clarify which behaviors were studied.

SHORT QUOTATIONS

Interpreting these results, Peter et al. (2003) suggested that “anyone who can jump over the moon is truly a special person” (p. 97) thereby making them a minority.

Sasu and Joanes (2007) went so far as to imply the need for a new “blood pressure cuff in the lab” (para. 4).

Walking in another person’s shoes “can be a daunting task” to say the least” (Baker & Jay, 2009, p. 234).

QUOTATIONS

When citing authors with the same last names, use first initials with the last names: (B. Kacher, 2008; Y. Kacher, 2010)

When citing two or more works by the same author published in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year of publication to order the references:
Skipper's (1998 a) study of adolescent immigrants…
On the other hand, Skipper (1998 b) contends that he…


IN-TEXT CITATIONS--SAME LAST NAME/THE SAME AUTHOR

When citing a work with six and more authors, identify the first author’s name followed by
“et al.”:
Smith et al. (2006) maintained that….

(Smith et al., 2006)

IN-TEXT CITATIONS--WORKS WITH 6 AND MORE AUTHORS

When citing a work with three to five authors, identify all authors in the signal phrase or in parenthesis:
Helena, Siegal, and Losey, (1999)….

(Helena, Siegal, & Losey, 1999)

In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses:

(Helena et al., 1999)

IN-TEXT CITATIONS--WORK WITH 3 TO 5 AUTHORS

When citing a work with two authors, use “and”
in between authors’ name in the signal phrase
yet “&” between their names in parenthesis:

According to feminist researchers Raitt and Tate
(1997), “It is no longer true to claim that women's
responses to the war have been ignored” (p. 2).

Some feminists researchers question that “women's
responses to the war have been ignored” (Raitt &
Tate, 1997, p. 2).

IN-TEXT CITATIONS--WORKS WITH TWO AUTHORS

One author

Issac (2009) indicated in his research…
In a recent study, research indicates (Isaac, 2009)… Two or more authors
When a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the reference occurs.

Within the Text

Use figures for numbers 10 and above (12 of the subjects); for numbers above and below 10 grouped for comparison (2 of 16 responses); for numbers representing time, dates, and age (3 years ago, 2 hr 15 min); for numbers denoting a specific place in a series, book, or table (Table 3, Group 3, page 32).

Use words for numbers below 10 that do not represent precise measurements (eight items, nine pages)

For numbers beginning a sentence, title, or heading (Forty-eight percent responded; Ten subjects improved, and 4 subjects did not.).

NUMBERS

Use commas before "and" in lists, for example, height, width, and depth.

Use commas between groups of three digits, for example, 1,453.

Use commas to set off a reference in a parenthetical comment (Patrick, 2009).

Use commas for seriation within a paragraph or sentence. For example, "three choices are (a) true, (b) false, and (c) don't know." Use semicolons for seriation if there are commas within the items. For example, (a) here, in the middle of the item, there are commas; (b) here there are not; (c) so we use semicolons throughout.

Use commas in exact dates, for example, April 18, 2002
(but not in April 2002).

COMMAS

Use sparingly

Explain abbreviations that appear in text, tables, and figures the first time used

To form the plural of most abbreviations, add s alone and without an apostrophe
Eds vols IQS

ABBREVIATIONS

Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading

Flush Left, Boldface, Upper and Lowercase Heading
Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.

Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.

Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.


LEVEL HEADINGS



Margins: One inch on all sides (top, bottom, left, right)
Font Size and Type : 12-pt. font (Times New Roman or similar font)         
Spacing: Double-space throughout the paper.       
Alignment: Flush left (creating uneven right margin)         
Paragraph Indentation : 5-7 spaces   
Period: two spaces after a period
Pagination: The page number appears one inch from the right edge of the paper on the first line of every page, beginning with the title page. 


GENERAL GUIDELINES

APA style is the style of writing used by journals published by the American Psychological Association (APA). The style is documented in the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.{revised}, 2011).

DEFINITION

Sample Reference Page

References

Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2007). Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence-based practice. (4th ed.). St. Louis: Saunders.

Carpenter, B. D. (2002). Family, peer, and staff social support in nursing home patients: Contributions to psychological well-being. Journal of Applied Gerontology 2, 275–293.

Dragger, J., Elder, G. E., Hyper, H. A., Bonders, M, Natter, M. W. & Natures, G. K. (2009). The impact of social support and sense of coherence on health-related quality of life among nursing home residents: A questionnaire survey in Bergen, Norway. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(1), 65-75.

When the parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them in the same way they appear in the reference list—the author’s name, the year of publication—separated by a semi-colon

(Kachru, 2005; Smith, 2008)

IN-TEXT CITATIONS--TWO OR MORE WORKS

- Helter (2009) compared reaction times . . . - In a recent study of reaction times (Jack, 2009) new information . . . . - In 2009, Brown compared reaction times.

CITATIONS—WITHIN TEXT

For works with three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs.

In subsequent citations, include only the last name of the first author followed by et al.

When a work has no authors
Cite in text the first few words of what appears first for the entry on the list (usually the title) and the year.

Specific parts of a source
(Yount & Molitor, 2009, p. 19)
(Cooper, 2009, chap. 4)

Within the Text

Plurals of Numbers
Add s or es
Fours
Sixes
1950s
10s and 20s
2000s
Use Roman number as a part of established terminology
Type II error
Type I error
Use Arabic numbers
Step 1
Type 2 diabetes

NUMBERS CONT’D

Titles of books, periodicals, films, videos, TV shows, and microfilm publications
The Element of Style
American Journal of Nursing
Nursing Research
CSI Miami
Gone with the Wind

USE OF ITALICS

In a manuscript submitted for publication, figures, tables, and footnotes are placed at the end of the manuscript.

In theses and dissertations, such material is frequently incorporated at the appropriate point in text as a convenience to readers (APA, 2009, p.133).

TABLES & FIGURES

Citing interviews Archer, N. (2003). [Interview with Helen Burns, author of Sense and [Perception]. Journal of Sensory Studies, 21, 211-216.



Weir, P. B. (Producer), & Harrison, B. F. (Director). (2002). Levels of consciousness [Motion picture]. Boston, MA: Filmways.

FILM OR VIDEO

On your word document--Insert two blank pages At the top of page 2 Click on Insert page number

Instructions for Inserting a Running Head


Click on Top of page
Select number in the top right hand margin
Type next to the 2—YOUR ACTUAL RUNNING HEAD IN ALL CAPS
(The running head should be fewer than 50 characters from the title of your article)
Insert enough spaces until the first word lines up with the left margin

Go to page 1—Still in the header section
From the tool bar-- Check the box—Different on First Page
Click on insert page number again
Select number in the top right hand margin
Type—Running head: YOUR ACTUAL RUNNING HEAD IN ALL CAPS
Insert enough spaces until the word “running” lines up with the left margin

If these instructions worked—you should see the following:
On the title page: Running head: YOUR ACTUAL RUNNING HEAD IN ALLCAPS with a 1 in the right margin

On subsequent pages—YOUR ACTUAL RUNNING HEAD IN ALL CAPS with the new page numbers in the right margin.

Note: all examples of citations in this presentation are fictitious


                                  

APA FORMAT

Four authors

Two authors

Walker (2007)

One author

Parenthetical-Subq

Parenthetical-1

Subsequent

First Citation

Type of Citation

Jean et al. (2009)

(Jean, Brad, Ram, Sot, & Jack, 2009)

Walker (2007)

Wat and Allen (2005)

Brad, Ram, and Sot, 2008

Jean, Brad, Ram, Sot, and Jack (2009)

Readily identified abbreviation

National Institutes of Health (NIH, 2003)

NIH, 2003

National Institutes of Health (NIH, 2003)

(NIH, 2003)

Five authors

Three authors

Brad, Ram, Sot, and Jack (2009)

Wat and Allen (2005)

Brad et al. 2008

(Brad, Ram, Sot, & Jack, 2009)

(Brad, Ram, & Sot, 2008)

(Wat & Allen, 2005)

(Walker, 2007)

Six authors

Wast et al. (2008)

Wast et al. (2008)

Wast et al. (2008)

(Wast et al., 2008

(Jean et al., 2009)

(Brad et al., 2009)

(Brad et al., 2008)

(Wat & Allen, 2005)

(Walker, 2007)

Brad et al. 2009

Within the Text

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