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Transcript of HUMAN TRAFFICKING
sex trafficking and prostitution
A form of modern-day slavery in which individuals perform labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. Labor trafficking includes situations of debt bondage, forced labor, and involuntary child labor. This type of trafficking is not specific to any geographic region or population.
Trafficking in organ trade is an organized crime, involving a host of offenders. The recruiter who identifies the vulnerable person, the transporter, the staff of the hospital/ clinic and other medical centers, the medical professionals, the middlemen and contractors, the buyers, the banks where organs are stored are all involved in the transaction.
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
Agriculture & Farms
Peddling and begging rings
Hostess & Strip Clubs
The exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation
Foreign Policy Aspect
China: Allows the government to use the organs of corpses and deceased prisoners
Egypt: Currently have no laws in place to prevent organ harvesters
Italy: 3 women were arrested for auctioning off the unborn child of one of the women for 350,000 Euros, for organ trafficking purposes
Moldova: Besides poverty and sex slavery, Moldova is one of the top countries in the world for organ harvesting. It is believed that the government is directly involved with the trade even after the government has issued a ban
Traffickers force or deceive the victims into giving up an organ
Victims formally or informally agree to sell an organ
Vulnerable persons are treated for an ailment thereupon organs are removed without the victim's knowledge
The vulnerable categories of persons include migrants, especially migrant workers, homeless persons, illiterate persons, etc
TVPA Act 2000
When does it become trafficking?
Force: Physical and or sexual abuse;
restrictions on movement or confinement
to the property; under constant surveillance.
Fraud: Misrepresentation of the work, working conditions, wages and immigration benfits of the job.
Coercion: Threats of harm to the victim or the victim's family members; threats of deportation or police involvement; exploitation of wokers unfamiliarity with the languages, laws and customs of the US; debt manipulation.
3 Areas of Human Trafficking
Sexual Trafficking exists in every country whether it is considered to be rich or poor
Human Trafficking is not Smuggling
Working and Living Conditions