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Art and Social Change
Transcript of Art and Social Change
Why artists use art to protest:
To express their stance/opinion
To express visually what they might be unable to say in words
It is an effective method to get a message across
Open to the general public
In the form of strong statements or wall paintings
Most of the time, it is illegal as it is violating public property
Who started protest art and who followed him?
Francisco Goya, was the first artist to use protest art in 1800's. During the Napoleonic invasion and the Spanish war of independence from 1808 to 1814, Goya served as court painter to the French. He expressed his horror of armed conflict in The Disasters of War, a series of starkly realistic etchings on the atrocities of war.
Types of Protest Art
artwork with slogans (propaganda art)
caricatures of political commentary
artwork with a strong political/social context or reference
Pablo Picasso's Guernica was a visual protest to
the violence of the Spanish Civil war in the 1930's.
Guernica is one of the most iconic anti-war artworks ever created.
Propaganda is most well known in the form of war posters. But at its core, it is a mode of communication aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position, and that doesn’t have to be a bad thing. Although propaganda is often used to manipulate human emotions by displaying facts selectively, it can also be very effective at conveying messages
John Heartfield was a German artist who protested WW1 and was
in strong oppostion of the Weimar Republic. His images of Hitler
were banned in Germany during WWII.
Documentary about Ai Weiwei
Questions to consider:
What makes art an effective form of social commentary or political criticism?
How and why do we represent scenes of conflict?
How can artists use images to serve or resist institutions of power?
How do you think the depiction of conflict in the artwork speaks to the political circumstances and cultural values of the time and place in which they were produced?
The Shootings of May 3, 1808
2008 Sichuan Earthquake
-thousands of schoolchildren die
due to faulty building regulations
Ai created a public installation on the wall of a museum in Germany quoting a mother speaking about her daughter who was killed from the quake.
The quote was made up of different colored backpacks.
winner of the 2011 Ted art prize
The Subtlety, or the Marvelous Sugar Baby, was an installation created in an old sugar factory in Brooklyn.
Walker says she created the art installation as homage to the unpaid and overworked women who refine sugar from the sugar cane many of us consume everyday.