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Archetype

Reviewing common archetypes
by

Tracy Catlin

on 16 September 2015

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Transcript of Archetype

Archetype:
The Hero
The archetypal hero appears in all religions, mythologies, and epics of the world. A hero is a hero due to his or her self-sacrifice. The hero pays a price to reach a goal.
Unusual circumstances of birth; sometimes in danger or born into royalty
Leaves family or land and lives with others
An event, sometimes traumatic, leads to adventure or quest
Hero has a special weapon only he can wield
Hero always has supernatural help
The Hero must prove himself many times while on adventure
Can endure physical, spiritual, or mental journeys
Hero experiences atonement with the father
When the hero dies, he is rewarded spiritually
Davis, Bryan M. "The Archetypal Hero in Literature, Religion, Movies, and Popular Culture." 11 Oct 1997. Stephen F. Austin University. (Day Mon Year accessed go here).<http://www.tatsbox.com/hero>.
The Mentor
The mentor is a character who aids or trains the hero. The mentor represents wisdom and sometimes puts the hero on the right path or strengthens the hero when he feels weak.


(can also be "Wise Old Man" or "Wise Old Woman"
The Trickster
The Trickster is a clown, a mischief maker. He sometimes provides the comedy relief that a story often needs to offset heavy dramatic tension.

The trickster can be an ally or companion of the hero, or may work for the villain. In some instances the trickster may even be the hero or villain. The trickster usually represents the force of cunning and is pitted against opponents who are stronger or more powerful.
Usually: Selfish
Sympathetic
Footloose (little responsibility)
Humorous
Sometimes mean spirited
Lovable
Foolish & Clever (~ simultaneously)
The model of a certain type of person or thing.
We know that we will see a character look and behave a certain way.
The Witch
A woman, often a hag (though she may be disguised as a beautiful young woman), who attempts to trap and destroy the protagonist
The "temptress" archetype is the beautiful female character interested in seducing the hero or protagonist of a story.

The "damsel" archetype is generally a female character who is helpless and in need of rescue by the hero.

The Sidekick
This archetype is the protagonist's best friend, ready to devote time and energy to whatever stupid task is asked of him. And in return, he can expect to be disrespected, patronized, and kidnapped repeatedly. But it's all in a day's work.
The Good Child (the good mother, the good father ... )
The Bad Child (the bad mother, the bad father ... )
The Maiden/Virgin
The Shape shifter and The Monster
The Teacher
The Elder
The Soldier
The Politician
But there's more!
Mom and Dad
The Mom and Dad archetypes are closely related to The Mentor.
What archetypes can you find in this clip from
The Avengers?
The Villain
The character who opposes the hero.
A little tiff between
a hero
and
a villain
Lit Fact: Thor (hero) and Loki (villain) are brothers. Brothers who are rivals is an allusion to Cain and Abel in the Bible.
Archetype
A trickster villain vs. a hero (with a damsel in distress (sort of):
Greek:
Arkhe: Beginning
tupos: molded into a model
Therefore, archetype means: ___________


Superman
Batman
Alex Cross
Luke Skywalker
Lightning McQueen
James Bond, 007
Katniss Everdeen
Examples
Adjective
Noun
Verb
Activity: Think of a hero in a story you have read or a movie you have seen. How did the character show any of the characteristics from your hero-character list?
Mom and Dad
from "Good Luck Charlie"
Loki
Lord Farquaad
Davy Jones
Scar
Voldemort
Cruella De Vil
Examples
Allusion = an indirect reference to bring to literature, art, myth, and/or the Bible. Adds a layer of meaning to the current story.
This villain IS a trickster
From the Green Hornet
from The Good Son
Remember how to do Cornell-style notes?
Full transcript