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Civil Rights Movement
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement is referred to efforts toward achieving true equality for African-Americans in all facets of society. Today the term "civil rights movement " is also used to describe the advancement of equality for all people regardless of race, sex, age, disability, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or other protected characteristic.
Important Events relating to the Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement in the United States took place from the 1950's-1970's. It was a period of time when many reform movements took place to stop racial discrimination and racism against African Americans.
Civil Rights in Australia
Civil Rights Campaign 1957-1967
-Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal activists came together to campaign for equal civil rights for Indigenous Australians
-The first campaign arose from the 'Warburton Ranges controversy.' This campaign was to allow Aboriginals be Australian Citizens as well as an Aborigine.
-Equal wages and land rights campaign
-Aboriginal Pastrol workers walked off the job as they were unhappy with their poor working conditions and disrespectful treatment
Civil Rights Movement and To Kill A MockingBird
Harper Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird during the beginning of the Civil Rights era (from about 1955 to 1958). Alabama was very much in the news at this time with the Montgomery bus boycott, Martin Luther King's rise to leadership and Autherine Lucy's attempt to attend graduate school at the University of Alabama.
-1954, Segregation is banned in all public schools
-1955, Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott
-1956, Autherine Lucy attempts to attend graduate school in Alabama
-1963, Martin Luther King Jr's "I have a dream" speech
-1964, Black people are registered to vote. Civil Rights Act of 1964 is passed, which forbids racial discrimination
-1965, Martin Luther King Jr. leads a 54-mile march to support black voter registration. They marched from Selma to Montgomery
-1968, Martin Luther King Jr is murdered
Civil Rights in Australia cntd.
National Reconciliation week
-First celebrated in 1996
-The aim was to give people across Australia the opportunity to focus on reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians
-Aborigines could be included in the census count and so that the Commonwealth could make laws with respect to Aborigines as a race. Its intent was to end discrimination against Indigenous Australians.
National Sorry Day 2008
In 2008, Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, scheduled a motion in parliament apologising to Australia's Indigenous peoples, particularly the Stolen Generations and their families and communities, for laws and policies which had inflicted profound grief, suffering and loss on these our fellow Australians. The apology included a proposal for a policy commission to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in life expectancy, educational achievement and economic opportunity.
By Maddie Foster
THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT