Transcript of Dia de los muertos
Brazil Ecuador Haiti Armando montiel Día de los Muertos Oaxaca, Oaxaca Other Contries Ofrenda The word ofrenda means offering in Spanish. They are also called altares or altars, but they are not for worshiping. Ofrendas are set up to remember and honor the memory of their ancestors. Before setting an altar, they horoughly clean their house. The ofrenda is set on a table, covered with a fine tablecloth, preferably white. Then the papel picado, cut tissue paper, is set over the cloth. Jose Guadalupe Posada why november? Los angelitos why 2 days? http://mexicanfood.about.com/od/history/a/dayofthedead.htm http://gomexico.about.com/od/dayofthedead/tp/dd_destinations.htm Some forms of celebrations Janitzio and Patzcuaro, Michoacan They celebrtate by having processions and music, dances are perfomred by familes. They also gather in the cemetaries for the night to chant and sing. Here they visit colorful market places, witness vigils in a variety of cemeteries and take part in the night time carnival like processions called compras. Aguascalientes The birth place of engraver jose guadalupe posada celebrates this day by throwing a Festival De Las Calaveras. The festival takes place on the city fairgrounds with exhibitions of handicrafts, stands with traditional food and seasonal fruit, and varied theater productions, and concerts. The grand parade of calaveras along Aguascalientes' Avenida Madero is a highlight of the festival. Food They eat sugarskulls,pan de muerte(sweet bread),candied pumpkin,atole and chocolate coffins and skulls. Calavera http://www.inside-mexico.com/ofrenda.htm Calaca A skull also a slang term for "daredevil" skeleton figures that represent death http://www.azcentral.com/ent/dead/glossary/ Importance There important because they use these objects to honor there dead and show them respect. http://www.dayofthedead.onlinenichestores.com/More_day_of_the_dead http://www.holidayinsights.com/other/losmuertos.htm Dia De Los Muertos was celebrated in late July and early August by Aztec Indians for thousands of years. When the Spaniards conquered Mexico in the 1500's, they looked upon this celebration as a pagan ritual. In an effort to eliminate it, they moved it to the date of All Saints and All Souls Day in November. The effort failed, and the Aztecs along with all Mexicans continue to celebrate the holiday. José Guadalupe Posada, an ingenious artist, lived during one of the most turbulent times in Mexico.He knew how to capture the essence of this turbulence in his lithographs to the point that they became the icon of Revolutionary Mexico. Posada was born in Aguascalientes in 1853, and as a child, he learned the techniques of grabado and lithography in Trinidad Pedroso’s Workshop of Popular Graphics.In 1871,he began to collaborate as an illustrator for El Jicote, which was published in his native land, where his sarcastic style had already begun to emerge.He was a Mexican artist and political cartoonist. He was a fierce supporter of the downtrodden, and depicted the horrors and tragedies in bold black and white. He did caricatures of the rich and political (all depicted as skeletons),The wonderful illustrations he produced have delighted people for many years, and his art has become almost synonymous with Dia de los Muertos. Throughout Manzanillo, you will see skeletal figures, the most famous being Catrina, a figure in a plumed hat and dress, with a skull head.Full transcript
http://www.inside-mexico.com/posada.htm Rural or urban? The more urban area the more of a celebratory atmosphere the festival has. For the areas that are more rural and/or indian, the holiday is much more religious and spiritual. http://farstrider.net/Mexico/Muertos/Background.htm Marigolds Objects used http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/1427-los-dias-de-los-muertos-the-days-of-the-dead Flowers, symbolizing the brevity of life, are massed and fashioned into garlands, wreaths and crosses to decorate the altar and the grave. The marigold is the most traditional flower of the season. In Aztec times it was called the cempasuchil, the flower of 400 lives. http://www.gomanzanillo.com/features/Day%20of%20the%20Dead/index.htm To make the ritual more Christian, the Spaniards moved it so it coincided with All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day (Nov. 1 and 2), which is when it is celebrated today.In most regions of Mexico, November 1 is to honor children and infants, whereas deceased adults are honored on November 2. This is indicated by generally referring to November 1 mainly as Día de los Inocentes ("Day of the Innocents") but also as Día de los Angelitos ("Day of the Little Angels") and November 2 as Día de los Muertos or Día de los Difuntos ("Day of the Dead").
November 1st, the ceremony in honor of the Angelitos takes place in the cemetery.
The little angels or angelitos are the children that died and that could never experience the happiness and sorrows of adulthood.
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