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First Aid Training

Me and My Parents- My Healthy World! Designed it with theme of Fungama (youth spirit), Parents (the core idea for the event ) and of- course technical First Aid Training. The event took place earlier in 2013 at CBM
by

hussain abidi

on 30 November 2013

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Transcript of First Aid Training

Me My Parents
Dr.Hussain Abidi

Ms.Saba Akbar

First Aid Training
MBBS,CRCP,MBA(health)

BScN,MBA(health)
Facilitators:
First aid begins at HOME!!
FIRST AID?
The immediate care given to an injured or ill person.
DOES NOT
require one to be DOCTOR.
YET,
DOES NOT
take the place of proper medical treatment.
FIRST AID :
Injuries asking for need of First Aid can occur
ANYWHERE
or call for help
ANYONE!!!
Necessities for First Aid Provision
A Spirit to HELP someone.
and
Technical Support.
I planned the day for
MOM'S DREAM.
Never knew i would have to choose between
DEATH and DEATH.
I could die inside as well,
BUT
I hung up
out to seek
HELP
No-one missed sharing me on but
I miss my MOM....
BEING

IN
-HUMAN?
FIRST AID KIT:
the technical support
Scissors
Forceps
Surgical Blade size 11
Cotton Balls
Surgical Guaze Pieces
Crape Bandage
Cotton Buds
Saniplast
Spirit Swab
Surgical Tape
Pyodene Solution 60ml
Dermazine Ointment 1%
Xylocaine Jelly 2%
Polyfax Ointment
Analgesics
Lets Begin!!!
With Motivation and Kit
What to do first?
Assessment
Assessment
Visually determine whether there are
life-threatening
or other serious problems that require quick care.
Determine if victim is
CONSCIOUS
by tap and shout.

Check for
ABCDE
as indicated:
A = Airway Open?
B = Breathing?
C = Circulation?
D = Disabilities
E = Expose
LOOK, LISTEN & FEEL
Remember : Recall when your mother used to bake your favorite choco-cookies
Bleeding
DO NOT
remove gauze
DO NOT
remove noxious object
First Aid
Nasal Bleeding
First Aid
Apply cold Compress for atleast 10 minutes
Call Emergency
HEAD INJURIES
Headaches
Gait Problem
Vision Loss
Seizures
Unresponsive
Drowsy
confused
Vomiting
Symptoms
Signs
Racoon Eye
Bat's Sign
Swelling
Deformity
Nasal Bleeding
Oral Bleeding
Aural Bleeding
On finding these signs & symptoms:
Make sure the scene is safe
Phone for help
Stabilize the
head and neck
DO NOT
move the victim unless danger to life.
NO
Selfly Mediate Analgesics Please!!
Not every Racoon Eye means a HEAD INJURY!
First Aid
HEAT EMERGENCIES
Heat Exhaustion



Heat Stroke



Heat Cramps
less dangerous
Fluid Loss > Blood Flow > SHOCK.
If untreated >>> HEAT STROKE.
Muscle pain and spasm due exertion.
Usually abdominal muscles or legs.
Caused by loss of water and salt through sweating.
Body's heat regulating mechanism fails.
The body temperature > brain damage > DEATH
Most Serious Condition needs quick COOLING.
Cool, Pale, and Moist Skin.
Dilated Pupils.
Body temperature near normal.
HOT, RED and DRY Skin.
Pupils are very small.
Body temperature is VERY HIGH e.g 105 F.
Heat Exhaustion:
Other Symptoms:
Headache
Heavy Sweating
Vomiting
Nausea
Heat Stroke:
Get the victim out of the heat and into a cool
place
.
Place in the shock
position
, lying on the back with feet raised.
Remove or loosen
clothing
.
Cool
by fanning or applying cold packs or wet towels or sheets.
Rapid Cooling in case of HEAT STROKE.
If conscious, give
water
to drink every 15 minutes.
Do not
give victim anything by mouth in case of HEAT STROKE.
FIRST AID
BURNS
>250 people died.
1st assess Degree of Burn
Assess Area Burnt
Age 10-50yrs: partial thickness burns >25% of total body surface area
Age <10 or >50: partial thickness burns >20% of total body surface area
Full thickness burns >10%
Burns of hands, face, feet or perineum
Burns that cross major joints
Circumferential burns to any extremity
Any burn associated with inhalational injury
Electrical burns
Burns associated with fractures or other trauma
Burns in infants and the elderly
Burns in persons at high-risk of developing complications
Burns of
10% in children
or
15% in adults
(or greater) are potentially life threatening injuries.
Major Burns
First Aid
Cool
the burn area with water for 10 to 20 minutes.
Gently
remove
any rings, watches, belts or constricting clothing from the injured area before it begins to swell.
Don't
break blisters.
Don't
over-cool the patient and cause shivering.
Lund & Browder Chart
Chemical Burns
The result of a caustic or corrosive substance touching the skin caused by:
Acids (batteries)
Alkalis (drain cleaners- often more extensive)
Organic compounds (oil products)

STOP,DROP and ROLL.
Get rid of Extinguish.
Use Sand,Water,Blanket or Fire Extinguisher.
Basic RULES:
Remove the chemical by flushing the area with water.
Brush dry powder chemicals from the skin before flushing.
Take precautions to protect yourself from exposure to the chemical.
Remove the victim’s contaminated clothing and jewelery while flushing with water.
Flush for 20 minutes all chemical burns (skin, eyes).
Cover the burned area with a dry, sterile dressing.
Seek medical attention.
FIRST AID
Stings and bites
Limit activity

Constricting bandage above

Cold application/Soak

Medical attention
First Aid
SEIZURES
SNAKE BITE
Don't Panic
Medical Help
Tell doctor about SNAKE if you know
Have the victim rest
Rest the limb down
Tie a tourniquet above the flang site.
Involuntary jerking movement of some specific part or whole of the body.
Last a few seconds to a few minutes.
First Aid
cushion the head
First Aid: Seizures
C
H
O
K
I
N
G
Signs & Symptoms
Can’t breath
Quiet cough
Can’t talk or make sounds
Noisy breathing
Blue lips
Makes choking sign
Tabyat ziada kharab ho tou Doctor se zarur rujou karen!
Full transcript