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Australian/ US Civil Rights Movement
Transcript of Australian/ US Civil Rights Movement
By Kusic and Ava
The Tent Embassy
The "Aboriginal Embassy" protest was the most effective political action in the history of the Aboriginal struggle. The Aboriginal embassy tent was founded on Australia day in 1972 to protest against the decision of the McMahon liberal government to reject a proposal for aboriginal land rights.
The main contributors of the tent embassy were Michael Anderson, Billy Craigie, Bertie Williams and Tony Coorey
The tent embassy impacted the fight for civil rights and freedoms. The protest swelled, capturing the imagination of Aboriginal activists and their supporters around the country. The Aboriginal Tent Embassy received wide media coverage in Australia and internationally. It threw the spotlight on the appalling conditions Aboriginal people faced and the refusal of the Australian government to respond to Aboriginal demands for justice.
The four camped under the umbrella and the protest quickly grew to at least a dozen tents with up to 2,000 supporters at one point.
Did The US Civil Rights Movement Influence This Event?
We don't have evidence that the US civil rights movement was the influence of the tent embassy but we do know that the Tent embassy was later than the US civil rights movement so it could have been influential. The protest was non violent so it could have been influenced by Martin Luther kings protest in the US. This is Because the Tent embassy was fighting for land rights and this did not occur in the US civil rights movement, making it the most significant difference between the Australian and US civil rights movement.
Significant Events In The US Civil Rights Movement
Brown v Board of education- 1954
Emmett Till- 1955
Montgomery bus boycott- 1955-1957
freedom riders- 1961
March on Washington- 1963
Malcolm X assassination- 1968
Significant Events In The Australian Civil Rights Movement
Tent Embassy- 1972
March on Alice Springs-1976
Freedom Riders- 1965
Groups/Movements during the US civil rights movement
NAACP (National Association for the Advancement for Coloured People
Black panther party-1966
black power- 1960's
KKK (ku Klux Klan)- 1920's
Groups/movements in Australian Aboriginal Civil rights movement
SAFA (Student Action For Aborigines)-1965
AAPA (Australian Aboriginal Progress Association)-1925
Student Action For Aborigines (SAFA)
At a time when racism was seen by many Australians as existing mainly in South Africa or the southern states of the USA, University of Sydney students decided on a plan of action which would awaken the community to the reality of Australian racism. Charles Perkins in 1963 is elected as President of Sydney University's Student Action for Aborigines (SAFA). SAFA hit the headlines when, in February 1965, the students hired a bus and went on a 'Freedom Ride', visiting some of the most racist towns in New South Wales.
Did The US Civil Rights Movement Influence This movement?
In the early 1960s, through newspapers and television, Australians were becoming increasingly aware of the growing Civil Rights movement in the southern states of the United States. The original 'Freedom Rides' in the American South were a series of 1961 student political protests which took the form of bus trips through the southern states. Student volunteers, both African American and white, rode in interstate buses into the pro-segregationist South so as to test a 1960 United States Supreme Court decision (Boynton v. Virginia, 364 U.S. 454) which outlawed racial segregation in interstate public facilities, including bus stations. The American Freedom Rides were met with violent protest and hostility, particularly in the State of Alabama, but the publicity resulting from the trips and the violent reaction to them led to a stricter enforcement of the earlier Supreme Court decision and increased public awareness of racism in society.
Important people during the US civil rights movement
Martin Luther King jr
Important people during the Australian civil rights movement
Charles Chicka Dixon
Born on the 5th of November 1915 and died in 2001, Shirley Andrews helped establish equal wages for the aboriginal community in 1953. she became secretary of the council for the aboriginal rights when she was 37. Shirley was also a member of the communist party (the only political party with a policy of aboriginal affairs in the 1950's). Her campaigns not only pointed out to white Australians the racism evident in such laws but encouraged political activism.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE AUSTRALIAN AND US CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
of each campaign had similarities and differences, the difference included:
equal rights, wages and land rights
The main difference between the two civil rights movements was that the australian civil rights movement was mainly about land rights and in the US that wasn't the main priority.
How did the US civil rights movement impact and influence aboriginal civil rights movement?
during the mid-1960s Australia developed a civil rights movement advocating Aboriginal rights which strongly followed the US model, with such events such as the 'Freedom Rides' in country NSW and walkouts by Aboriginal people to protest racial discrimination at the hands of white society. The US civil rights movement influenced the Australian civil rights movement because the US was getting media attention, therefore Australia was seeing what was going on in the US and they saw that change was happening in the US and it brought hope to the Australian Aboriginals.