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Rise of Early Humans

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by

Brian Conway

on 20 November 2011

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Transcript of Rise of Early Humans

Early Humans to Homo Sapiens
(Paleolithic to Neolithic)
Where did early humans come from?
Early humans originated in Africa
3-4 million years ago
Migration began 150 thousand years ago
What were Early Paleolithic Humans capable of?
... they become a little bit smarter.
The people of the Neolithic era.
35,000 to 12,000 B.C.E.
Looked more like today's humans
They were better hunters and toolmakers
Created artwork to trace its life
Neolithic people had a larger range of movement!
Range of Early Humans
Range of Homo Sapien
Soon, neolithic people migrated around the world and over water.
Why were neolithic people able to migrate further?
Language
Neolithic people developed a language so they could...
Share complex ideas with each other
Teach other generations
Beacuse they swaped ideas they kept finding...
New ways of doing things
New ways of living
We call this Collective Learning
How did collective learning change human culture?
When humans store and build up knowledge it contributes to their culture.
At first changes were slow!
After 100,000 years ago the pace began to speed up.
Making more advanced tools and weapons.
Experimenting with body decorations and abstract symbols.
Then changes took off...
40,000 years ago cultural changes were accelerating.
Humans began to create both abstract and naturalistic art.
Make more specialized tools.
Weave and knot fibers.
Decorate clothing.
Make Jewelry.
Build semi-permanent buildings.
Differences between Paleolithic people and Neolithic people.
1. Language developed
2. Habitats expand
3. Technology multiplies
4. Wall paintings and sculptures were created

Because of these differences, Neolithic people were able to migrate further, adapt to various environments and become more advanced.
So....
Dwellings: Mouths of caves, huts, skin tents.
Lifestyle:
Nomadic groups
As large as 50 people in one group.
Tribal Society
Hunted animals and gathered berries, plants, and insect.
Tools:
Used stone to make tools.
Chipped stone, wooden weapons, light stone tools.
Clothing:
Animal Skins
What else do we know about Paleolithic people?
Government:
Tribal Society. Clan controlled by elders or the powerful.
Economy:
Shared property/Gift economy.
Hunting and Gathering.
Sculpting Materials:
Stone, mammoth ivory, reindeer horn
Food:
Hunted and gathered for their food supply.
Dwellings:
Made from mud bricks supported by timber.
Lifestyle:
Agriculture was discovered.
Agriculture was a major food source.
Tools:
Polished stone tools.
Tools were sharper by grinding.
Clothing:
Woven garments.
What else do we know about the Neolithic people?
Government:
Military and religious leaders had authority.
Kings emerged. (monarchy)
Economy:
Personal property.
Specialization of labor.
Sculpting Materials:
Stone
Clay (baked)
Food:
They grew crops such as corn, wheat and beans.
115,000 years after Migration began
So what could Neolithic people do that Paleolithic people could not?
Full transcript