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Inca and Aztec Gender Roles
Transcript of Inca and Aztec Gender Roles
Mothers wealth passed to daughter
Father wealth passed to son Emphasis on military virtues reinforced gender inequality
Both gods and goddesses were worshiped
At age 14 boys earned a lion cloth in a ceremony to mark their manhood. Boys from noble families were subjected to different procedures of endurance and knowledge. After, they received earplugs and a weapon the color of which represented their rank in society. Incan continued Women married at the age of 16, men married at the age of 20.
Men of lower rank could take only one wife, but the aristocracy were allowed to practice polygamy.
Women married men of same social class
Young boys were taught to look after animals, collect firewood, and scare off pests in the fields.
Most children did not attend school, however some noble boys studied religion, poetry, math and history.
At the age of 10 Incan girls were judged on her social rank and beauty. The most beautiful were sent away to be trained as acllacumas, or "Chosen Women"
"Chosen Women" were trained as priestesses and servants to the Sapa Inca. Older of these who were not married were called mamconas, and were considered wives of the Son God. Astec Gender Roles Astec Continued A husband may have more than one wife but only one primary wife would go through the ceremony
The children of the principal wife were the inheritors. (ie. in the case of a ruler,only a child of this wife could be the successor)
Poorer family were more likely to have less wives.
men were dominant, but women has power in the household and influence on society
women could run business' out of their home.
rule related to gender relations and marriage:
Adultery was a crime. punishment: death
Divorce was allowed, usually, presented by the man or woman. Property was divided equally and both people were free. When boys were born, their umbilical cords were buried
on an army ground to symbolize their potential contribution to society as a warrior.
When Girls were born, their umbilical cords were buried near the hearth and she was given weaving implements and female clothing representing her role as a woman in the household
Women dominated the household and the markets.
women could also be teachers and priestesses Warfare gave increased power and privilege to men Comparison Incan and Aztec girls were weavers.
Men were expected to serve in the military.
Women could be priestesses
Polygamy in the noble families, families with less power had fewer (if not a single) wives.
Women had power of the household.
Power could be pass through the mother in both societies.
Women in Aztec society had more power and could run businesses out of their homes, unlike their counterparts in Inca society.
Both Incan and Aztec couples could divorce but Incan society only allowed it if they woman was childless.
Death was punishment for Adultery in both societies