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Plagiarism Workshop

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Effie Patelos

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of Plagiarism Workshop

How to
Activity:
Spot the Plagiarism

Academic Integrity
What's in it for me?
even here!
Image:
Galaxy Quest
. DreamWorks Pictures, 1999. Film.
Plagiarism!
Academic Integrity
Clear understanding of plagiarism & consequences
When to cite, & what to cite
Strategies for avoiding plagiarism
Where to get help
Integrity in academic work is a central element of learning & is the basis of intellectual pursuits in an academic community.

A special relationship exists between instructor & student, therefore, the responsibility for taking reasonable precaution to prevent academic misconduct shall rest with the instructor. As well as maintaining the security of final examinations, the instructor must assume responsibility for taking all reasonable steps to protect academic integrity in all forms of assessment in the courses or programs for which he or she is responsible.

The most common offense under the
Student Academic Code of Conduct
is
plagiarism
which the Code defines as the
"intentional unacknowledged use of someone else’s words, ideas, or data."


Source: National Post
http://news.nationalpost.com/2011/06/17/university-of-alberta-medical-school-dean-resigns-after-plagiarizing-speech/
Source: The Guardian
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/jul/14/plagiarism-row-jorgo-chatzimarkakis-germany
Source: Toronto Star
http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2013/01/10/tdsbs_chris_spence_resigns_amid_growing_plagiarism_scandal.html
Source: The Independent
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/shia-labeouf-announces-retirement-from-public-life-after-plagiarism-scandal-sparks-bizarre-apology-spree-9051553.html
Research papers contain your original ideas
Research papers also contain other people’s ideas
All sources, whether they are direct quotes, paraphrased excepts or general ideas, must be acknowledged (cited) correctly

In academia (& beyond), you are
expected to credit other academics for
their words, ideas & work you use
in your writing
Plagiarism Penalties
** Offenses can result in any number of disciplinary actions **
Individual instructor:
reprimand
re-submission of assignment/exam
failure of assignment/exam

** Offenses can result in any number of disciplinary actions **
Departmental Level:
failure of course
probationary status
requirement to take additional credits

** Offenses can result in any number of disciplinary actions **
More serious, or repeat offences:
investigation of your actions
suspension or expulsion
permanent notation on academic record

You're outta here!
Is this plagiarism?
Essay
By Effie Patelos

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse sed pulvinar orci. Fusce nec sagittis tortor, luctus pharetra ligula. Curabitur at odio sed dui vestibulum ullamcorper. Nunc lacus nunc, egestas malesuada tortor a, convallis scelerisque mauris. Nullam imperdiet nibh non quam tincidunt ullamcorper. Nam ac eleifend massa. Proin sit amet pharetra eros. Aenean venenatis, dolor et ultrices aliquet, est ipsum mollis sem, eget hendrerit tortor eros in mi. Integer auctor massa nulla, sit amet imperdiet urna blandit ut.

Nunc tristique nulla dignissim, vehicula nunc ut, pulvinar tellus. Nam porta, ligula a suscipit pretium, nisi orci tempor mauris, at suscipit augue massa ut velit. Etiam ac leo urna. Nunc in sollicitudin massa. Quisque id lacinia nisi. Donec sodales nisi at nulla id odio. Donec varius sem id ante adipiscing pretium. Phasellus dui enim. Maecenas fringilla feugiat felis, sed fermentum magna consequat blandit. Aenean ultrices odio tortor, vitae pulvinar justo vehicula ut. Aenean pulvinar, mauris a volutpat dictum, neque ligula lacinia odio, in vestibulum arcu est ut lectus.
Copying a direct quotation into your paper, placing quotation marks around it, & crediting the source.
Is this plagiarism?
Essay
By Effie Patelos

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse sed pulvinar orci. Fusce nec sagittis tortor, luctus pharetra ligula. Curabitur at odio sed dui vestibulum ullamcorper. Nunc lacus nunc, egestas malesuada tortor a, convallis scelerisque mauris. Nullam imperdiet nibh non quam tincidunt ullamcorper. Nam ac eleifend massa. Proin sit amet pharetra eros. Aenean venenatis, dolor et ultrices aliquet, est ipsum mollis sem, eget hendrerit tortor eros in mi. Integer auctor massa nulla, sit amet imperdiet urna blandit ut.

Nunc tristique nulla dignissim, vehicula nunc ut, pulvinar tellus. Nam porta, ligula a suscipit pretium, nisi orci tempor mauris, at suscipit augue massa ut velit. Etiam ac leo urna. Nunc in sollicitudin massa. Quisque id lacinia nisi. Donec sodales nisi at nulla id odio. Donec varius sem id ante adipiscing pretium. Phasellus dui enim. Maecenas fringilla feugiat felis, sed fermentum magna consequat blandit. Aenean ultrices odio tortor, vitae pulvinar justo vehicula ut. Aenean pulvinar, mauris a volutpat dictum, neque ligula lacinia odio, in vestibulum arcu est ut lectus.
Taking someone’s ideas or words, putting them into your own words, & crediting the source.
leo uma. The
museum, originating
from the scholarly praxis
of collection was defined
as a space of learning for
the intellectual elite of the Renaissance, whom were both the producers & the audience
of the works on display (Findlen, 1989, p. 62).
Nullam impediet

Plagiarism is an academic crime that can have serious consequences
(ARRÊT)
Consequences can follow you for the rest of your academic/professional life.
Stripped of previously obtained degrees
Difficulty obtaining letters of reference
Difficulty getting into graduate school or other programs
Losing the respect of classmates, instructors, colleagues, &/or coworkers
Embarrassment & stress

Photo: Luca Teuchmann/WireImage
1) Work in groups of 2 or 3
2) Compare the original sources
with the students’ writing samples
3) Decide whether there is evidence
of plagiarism
4) If so, describe the error & state
how you would fix it:
Paraphrase the original source text
Put quotation marks around a direct quote
Properly cite the original source (in-text or in the bibliography)
Remove quotations or citations from material that is common knowledge
Other types of
Having a friend write a paper for you or using someone else’s paper as your own
Submitting one of your own papers or assignments for more than one class
Downloading or buying a term paper from the web
Making up sources including citations to non-existent sources, or inaccurate information about sources
Did you know?
Plagiarism
Image: Cheap-papers
http://www.cheap-papers.com/important-points-to-keep-in-mind-while-buying-essay-online.php
Misconceptions
Things found on the Internet are in the public domain, & do not need to be cited – Information is free!

Using images, videos, maps, charts & other visual/multi-media formats without acknowledging the source is not plagiarism
Did you know?
About Plagiarism
Common Knowledge
Information considered to be "common knowledge" does not need to be cited in your assignments

Regarded as information that is generally known, or can be easily found using a general reference source, i.e. an encyclopedia such as
Encyclopedia Britannica
Did you know?
Using things from the Internet is no different than using print sources – it is still the work of another, just the carrier format for the information is different.

Also just because something is on the web, does not mean it is necessarily in the public domain. Even with public domain materials you need to recognize it is someone else's work & credit them for it.
Also applies to open access, copyright free, & materials with a Creative Commons attribution.
Images, videos, maps, charts & other visual/multi-media materials are still the expression of another’s work, & they are research material no different than text.

It doesn't matter where the came from, example Flickr The Commons, or their copyright status, you still need to credit the creator.
Otherwise it is plagiarizing!
Based on an activity from
You Quote it, You Note it!
Vaughan Memorial Library, Acadia University, http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/
Based on an activity from
You Quote it, You Note it!
Vaughan Memorial Library, Acadia University, http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/
Example:
Stephen Harper is the 22nd Prime Minister of Canada.
Which is Common Knowledge?

a) In 1774, Juan Pérez explored the
Pacific coast of present day North
America.


b) During the 1770s, coinciding with the
first direct European contact, smallpox
killed at least 30% of the Pacific
Northwest First Nations.

petinum. Mason
& McCarthy (2006)
claim "like many cultural
institutions that developed in
the British cultural tradition, art
galleries have suffered from an
antipathy towards entertainment
—visiting a gallery was meant
to be good for you, rather
than being a pleasure"
(p. 21). Phasellus
dui enim.

References
Findlen, P. (1989).
The museum: Its
classical etymology & Renaissance genealogy.
Journal of the History of Collections, 1
, no. 1,
59-78. doi: 10.1093/
jhc/1.1.59

No, this is
NOT
plagiarism either.

This is paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is acceptable as long as you credit the source, & you paraphrase
entirely in your
own words
. Using
synonyms, adding
a few extra word,
or just changing
the word order is
not sufficient.

Close your book/ step away from your computer, wait 5-10 minutes, & then try paraphrasing
References
Mason, D.D.M., &
McCarthy, C. (2006).
The feeling of exclusion:
Young peoples' perceptions
of art galleries.
Museum Management and
Curatorship, 21
, no.
1, 20-31.
No, it is
NOT
plagiarism.

Copying a quotation word-for-word from a text is acceptable if done correctly. You need to put quotation marks around the copied information, &
give credit to the
source both
within the body
of your essay,
& in the list of references or bibliography.
Image: Anna Gutermuth, Flickr
http://www.flickr.com/photos/anniferrr/4097009340/
by Effie Patelos
MI, B.Arch, B.E.S.
Students say they plagiarize for
a variety of reasons:
It’s okay – Everyone does it, & hardly anyone gets caught.
Worried about grades.
Not familiar with citation styles.
Ease of cutting & pasting from electronic sources.
Lack of time.
Image: The Keep Calm-O-Matic,
http://www.keepcalm-o-matic.co.uk/p/keep-calm-and-don-t-plagiarise-1/
1) Start early – start often!
Avoid
Plagiarism
Begin your research as soon as you
receive the assignment.

Research takes time–a lot of time.
You need time to find your sources, & to evaluate & actually read them.
You also need time to start your research again if it goes in an unexpected direction or you change your mind.
**As well, you need to allow time to borrow materials from the public library or another BC university/college library, request books through interlibrary loan, & to recall items.**
2) Document your sources
immediately!
Record the information another person, i.e. your instructor need to track down the source material you used in your assignment, such as:
author(s) / producer(s)
title (chapter, book, article, journal...)
date of publication
publisher & publisher location
page number(s)
*digital object identifier (doi)*
webpage url
Give credit where credit is due!
3) Learn how to use citation
styles properly!
WHY?
i) Explore the numerous Library Guides

Help you avoid plagiarism by acknowledging sources
Citations provide enough details to track down original source
Each style contains the same basic information
Information is formatted differently with each style:
Overall format
In-text citation
List of references
APA, MLA, Chicago, IEEE, Turabian
4) Manage your citations!
Citation managers are tools that allow you to:

import citation information from a variety of sources including library catalogues, article databases, RSS feeds & web sites
collect, organize, & manage citations
generate bibliographies & in-text citations in many different formats in a specified citation style
numerous choices both paid & free: Endnote, Prosite, Zotero, Citation Machine, Easy Bib, SourceAid Citation Builder...

5) Be aware of library resources
& seek help!
Citing Your Sources
http://libguides.viu.ca/citing
http://libguides.viu.ca/refworks
Douglas Adams,
The Hitchhicker's Guide to the Galaxy
ii) Take a workshop
iii) Don't be afraid to ask for help!
email, telephone, & chat
tweet us your question
get help in person by dropping by the library
make an appointment with a librarian
Learning Objectives
When in
doubt,
cite it!
How to paraphrase & quote correctly
In-Text Citation (APA)
Citing images, charts, diagrams...
Bibliography (APA)
Refworks
Next Class:
Lange, Greg (2003). Smallpox
epidemic ravages Native
Americans on the northwest coast
of North America in the 1770s.
Historylink.org
, http:/www.history
link.org/index.cfm DisplayPage
=output.cfm&File_Id=5100
This needs citation.
Email me your questions!
epatelos@gmail.com
The
university subscribes
to
Refworks
Full transcript