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Propaganda & World War 1

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by

Maria A. Gaitan

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Propaganda & World War 1

Propaganda During
World War I
What is propaganda?

Propaganda is: information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
Propaganda played a very important role during World War 1!
Propaganda posters
inspired and motivated
Americans to join the war
and to fight for their country
The government promoted and publicized propaganda mainly through eye-catching picture posters
Propaganda peaked during 1916. It recruited thousands of men each year, and it was strong enough to change the minds of those who didn't want to enlist!
Your Task!
Propaganda worked by evoking powerful feelings such as: pride, fear, guilt, patriotism and also hatred towards opposing countries
You will have two tasks to complete.

1. Analyze one propaganda poster of your choice used during World War 1 and write a one-page essay analyzing and discussing its importance during the war.

2. Draw a propaganda poster that illustrates one particular emotion felt by American citizens during World War 1.
Introduction:
Process for Task 1:
Analyze one propaganda poster of your choice used during World War 1 and write a one-page essay analyzing and discussing its importance during World War 1.
1. Research online and find a propaganda poster used during WWI that appeals to you.
2. Closely analyze the poster and answer the following questions in your one-page essay:
a. Why was this propaganda poster important during World War 1?
b. What emotions do you think the poster of your choice evoked in the world during WW1?
c. What emotions does the posters evoke in you today?
TASK 2:
You will choose one of the following emotions:
Once you have chosen an emotion, you will draw a propaganda poster that captures and illustrates your chosen emotion!
Draw a propaganda poster that illustrates one particular emotion felt by American citizens during World War 1
1.Anger
2.Fear
3.Guilt
4.Patriotism
5. Pride
Congratulations! You have completed your assignment and propaganda illustration. You have learned the important role propaganda played during WW1 and the different emotions these particular posters evoked in America and throughout the world.
Evaluation:
Task 1:
T E A C H E R P A G E
Theme:
Target Audience:
Instructional Notes:
NYS Standards:
ISTE NETS-S Standards:
Propaganda during World War 1 is a historical/social studies WebQuest designed for middle school students/high school students.
Standard 2: use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points in world history and examine the broad sweep of history from a variety of perspectives.
Standard 1
Key Idea 4: The skills of historical analysis include the ability to: explain the significance of historical evidence; weigh the importance, reliability, and validity of evidence; understand the concept of multiple causation; understand the importance of changing and competing interpretations of different historical developments.
Research and Information Fluency
Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information. Students:
a.plan strategies to guide inquiry.
b.locate, organize, analyze, evaluate, synthesize, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media.
c.evaluate and select information sources and digital tools based on the appropriateness to specific tasks.
d.process data and report results.
Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making
Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources. Students:

a.identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation.
b.plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.
c.collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions.
d.use multiple processes and diverse perspectives to explore alternative solutions.
Digital Citizenship
Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior. Students:

a.advocate and practice safe, legal, and responsible use of information and technology.
b.exhibit a positive attitude toward using technology that supports collaboration, learning, and productivity.
c.demonstrate personal responsibility for lifelong learning.
d.exhibit leadership for digital citizenship.
"As generally understood, propaganda is opinion expressed for the purpose of influencing actions of individuals or groups... Propaganda thus differs fundamentally from scientific analysis. The propagandist tries to "put something across," good or bad. The scientist does not try to put anything across; he devotes his life to the discovery of new facts and principles. The propagandist seldom wants careful scrutiny and criticism; his object is to bring about a specific action. The scientist, on the other hand, is always prepared for and wants the most careful scrutiny and criticism of his facts and ideas. Science flourishes on criticism. Dangerous propaganda crumbles before it." Alfred McLung Lee & Elizabeth Bryant Lee, The Fine Art of Propaganda, 1939
This webquest mainly focuses on the important role propaganda played during world war 1.

Through the use of emotional appeals and demonization, propaganda became the main reason why so many brave men joined to fight the great war.
Task one: Students will research and explore online collections of World War 1 propaganda posters. They will also identify key issues and use analytical skills to examine and to write about the importance of these posters (why they were a turning point before/during the war, and how/why they were successful in enlisting thousands of soldiers).

Task two: Students will utilize their creative and artistic skills/abilities by drawing a propaganda poster. They will understand the concept of patriotism and how propaganda evokes emotions from the general public during war.
Conclusion:
Students: If you wish to continue exploring the world of propaganda in world war 1, here are some links that will aid you in your fabulous adventure:

World War 1 Propaganda Museum

Watch a video on Poster Propaganda

Watch a video on Propaganda and film

Read more on Propaganda
This webquest was designed to promote critical thinking in the social studies classroom. The particular tasks I have created will motivate my students to learn about World War 1 through primary sources such as propaganda posters. I hope my webquest creates a sense of enthusiasm in your classroom as well!

Goals and Objectives: The objective of this webquest is for students to identify, analyze, and gain historical knowledge: linking propaganda to World War 1. At the end of each task students should be able to answer the following questions:What is propaganda? Why is propaganda used? What kind of emotions does propaganda evoke? Why was it a successful societal landmark?
Task 2:
Teacher Resources:
Youtube Encyclopedia.com, Archives.gov
Zazzle.com
Materials:
Crayons, markers, color pencils, construction paper, social studies textbook.
Description of Task
http://www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/for-teachers/lesson-plans/ww2-propaganda-posters.htmlVideos/Documentaries
Further Reading on Propaganda
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?zid=7200769471242b25b5c2fa67e3057138&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3411700082&userGroupName=parkwayw&jsid=51e366b4bb06c79c72cd8f631515b2ce
Museum of WW1 Propaganda
http://www.zazzle.com/world+war+1+propaganda+posters
This website will provide you with propaganda posters used during WW1!
Web-based Resources:
1. http://docsteach.org
2. http://www.mediarichlearning.com
3.http://www.history.com/videos
Full transcript