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Transcript of Film Studies
Understand how meaning is constructed in film through visual and technical signification
Understand theoretical models
of film analysis
F i L M S T U D I E S
The main integral part of a film is sound and vision
refers to almost everything that goes into the composition
of the shot. It includes Actors, props, costumes,
lighting and so on.
Camera angles are used to position the viewer so that they can understand the relationships between the characters. These are very important for shaping meaning in film.
A character shot with a high angle will look
vulnerable or small.
An eye-level angle commonly used in most films as it allows the viewers to feel comfortable with the characters.
This is the opposite of a high angle and makes a
character look more powerful.
An eye-level angle
lighting creates mood and enhances character's feelings. In comedy genre scene is lit brightly to signify happiness. opposite is true to create sadness. Also light above and below the character intensify its goodness or evilness.
camera movements are important to shape meaning. e.g pan or track can reveal information.
In any genre's of film there could be many themes that may dictate its mood.
Film genre refers to the method based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed
Film theory is a collection of interpretative frameworks developed over time in order to understand better the way films are made and received.
Sound plays a big part in film making. It helps to define the theme, genre, mood and location of the film. Creates motivation, heightened and so on.
There are various editing techniques are
employed in order to create a meaningful story.
An actor takes us on a journey through different stages of emotional level in form of a antagonist, a bad guy, a protagonist, a good guy or sometime both in one.
Props define location, period, genre, mood and also the social standing of the character
Costumes tells apart from the bad guy to the good guy. Defines genre, culture, social position and so on.
Depth of field
depth of field is used in film to in order to glue the audience to the storyline, highlighting the action part. Also helps to create relationship between characters, reveal or highlight objects.
Auteur theory suggest that a film director is the auteur of a film. Therefor, they have their own stylistic approach and personal signature that they convey through their film and that is unique from director to director.
Feminist is opposite to male gaze, where as woman are portrayed equal to man in social standing. Instead of being an object woman are desired to be part of.
Marxist is the oldest theory in existence. It suggests an equal social structure and capitalism is an evil and corrupting force.
Male gaze theory suggests that man are object and woman are subject in film.
In reception theory people perceived things differently according to their personal identification
Dominant reader is the person
who love the film, enjoy watching it and recommend to evryone
Oppositional reader rejects any suggestion come their way, despise it in and also recommend everyone not to watch it.
They are normally sits between two extreme position. They are always skeptical and not over enthusiastic and also try to give honest opinion about a film.
Realism is a true representation of real day to day life events. People's struggles and so on. A great film "The Bicycle Thief" falls into this category.
Anti-realism films scenes are not in touch with reality. Its over dramatized and over fantasized.
Surrealist films are defined in twisted reality form and is all about feelings and mood.
Expressionism film scenes are of louder artistic mind, peoples inner thought.
These are art film created from light sound and distorted vision.
Batman started as a comic book and gained a hugh interest and subsequently screened as animated cartoon, tv series. Then , when the it came out in cinema, for the first time it's got everything to make all types of fans (the casual, die-hard, well-versed, picky, etc.) happy, specially comic fan circle found a lifeline to see their dream unfold to a reality.
"Batman" (1989) - Visually stunning, Burton's vision brings a literal and figurative darkness to Batman and the streets of Gotham City. The audience is introduced to Batman within the first few minutes of the film, however Jack Nicholson perfectly cast as The Joker steals the show in character development, screen time and onscreen charisma.
In box office, showing ever growing interest in Batman movies.