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Transcript of Malaria
Malaria is a disease caused by a tiny parasite, called a plasmodium, which lives in the saliva of Anopheles mosquitoes.
When these mosquitoes bite a human, they inject parasites into the bloodstream.
These parasites infect and destroy red blood cells, causing serious illness or death. What are the signs and symptoms? The signs and symptoms of malaria result when large numbers of red blood cells are destroyed by plasmodium parasites.
Early stages of malaria are often mistaken for the flu, with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. High fever and chills quickly follow and if treatment is delayed, death may result. Who can get malaria? Malaria is a serious problem in about 40% of the world; including Africa, as well as parts of Asia and Central and South America.
People living in these places must take precautions to avoid mosquitoes and must get medical treatment as soon as malaria signs and symtoms begin.
Young children and pregnant women have the highest risk of death from malaria. How can malaria be treated? Malaria can be treated with medication that kills the plasmodium parasites, however; if too many red blood cells have been destryed before treatment begins, then the person may never recover. How can malaria be prevented? Malaria can be prevented by avioding mosquitoes or taking preventive medication.
Since the Anophales mosquitoes bite humans at night, bed nets can be very effective, especially for children and pregnant women.
For travelers to Africa and other malaria areas, it is important to take preventive medication every day to help kill parasites as soon as they are injected into the bloodstream.
Unfortunately, people who don't use repellants and bednets, or take preventive are at high risk for malaria. Other Important Facts Every 30 minutes, a child dies of malaria.
Nearly 10% of all the world's population will suffer from malaria
Over one million people die of malaria a year
Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected by malaria
Malaria can be prevented