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UNIT 6 EVALUATING CHARACTERS: WORLD SHAKER

YR 9 ENGLISH ANALYTICAL ESSAY
by

Coral Symonds

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of UNIT 6 EVALUATING CHARACTERS: WORLD SHAKER

Point, Evidence, Explain, Link
PEEL Paragraphs
Point
This is the opening of your PEEL paragraph
where you state what device is being used.

For example:
Harland has used metaphors in his novel to
enhance the idea of social construction...
Explain
This is where you need to expand on your point and evidence!

For example:
The use of metaphor further enhances the issue of class segregation during the Victorian era when the upper class citizens had ..... whereas citizens who were extremely poor were often servants or worked as Menials. The conditions were often so appalling that many died. Harland has used this reference to suggest...
Evidence
This is where you need to prove your point with examples from the text!
For example:
This is shown through the character of Riff who is portrayed as a lower class slave.
... which is a metaphor that represents the ...
Link
This is where you connect your paragraph to the essay
question/ main idea!
For example:
The use of metaphor is a way to
express the social conditions and ... of the Filthies. However it also suggests the strong nature of Riff's character who believes that ...
showing this through the anxious feeling in her
stomach. The link to ... also demonstrates
fear because.....
Things to Remember!
PEEL paragraphs are not the enemy!

Vary your connectives and sentence starters!

The PEEL way is not the only way!
(For the more advanced writers:
as long as all the right information is there and it flows well, your paragraph doesn't have to be in PEEL order)
Connectives!
Although
,
as a result
,
because
,
consequently
,
despite
, in order that,
in this way
,
otherwise
,
since
,
so
,
so as to
, therefore,
thus
,
though
,
yet
,
as well as
,
besides
, in addition,
including
,
moreover
,
however
,
similarly
Why?
It is important to construct a great PEEL (or similar format) paragraph in your analytical/expository writing to show your understanding of the topic!
What you should be including!
Remember:
Structure (title, enjambment)
Language (metaphors, similes, imagery, colour connotations, alliteration, personification, symbolism)
The affect on the reader
WALT:
identify the parts of PEEL

WILF:
construct a paragraph using PEEL
WARM UP
PEEL PARAGRAPHS
What is the acronym PEEL short for?

When do we use PEEL?

We know you know it, but we need to see it in writing....


Especially to get those higher
grades!!
The Victorian Era
WALT: understand Steam Punk and its Victorian era influences
WILF:
you can identify these values attitudes and beliefs within the text
The Romantic Period: began in 1798
It ended in one of the following years:
1837--Victoria becomes Queen
The Victorian period: ended 1901
she was the longest reigning queen

The term Victorian, literally describes things and events in the reign of Queen Victoria.
It conveyed connotations of "prudish," "repressed," and "old fashioned." Although such associations have some basis in fact, they do not adequately indicate the nature of this complex, paradoxical age that saw great expansion of wealth, power, and culture.
In science and technology, the Victorians invented the modern idea of invention - the notion that one can create solutions to problems, that man can create new means of bettering himself and his environment.
The era of great change
RELIGION
OVERVIEW
the Victorians created astonishing innovation and change: democracy, feminism, unionization of workers, socialism, Marxism, and other modern movements took form. In fact, this age of Darwin, Marx, and Freud.
Ideology, politics, and society,
The Victorian Age was characterised by rapid change and developments in nearly every sphere:

advances in medical,
scientific
and technological knowledge
to changes in population growth and location.
Over time, this rapid transformation deeply affected the country's mood: an age that began with a confidence and
optimism
leading to
economic
boom and
prosperity
eventually gave way to uncertainty and doubt regarding Britain's place in the world.
Your turn

look up the definitions
IMPERIALISM
In 1876 Victoria was declared Empress of India and the English Empire was constantly being expanded. The prevailing attitude in Britain was that expansion of British control around the globe was good for everyone.
One, England had an obligation to enlighten and civilize the 'less fortunate savages' of the world (often referred to as the "White Man's Burden").
Second, they (as a chosen people) had a destiny to fulfill -- they were 'destined' to rule the world.
Finally, they needed money, resources, labor, and new markets for expanding industry in England.

Victorian England was a deeply religious country. A great number of people were
habitual
church-goers, at least once and probably twice, every Sunday. The Bible was frequently and widely read by people of every class; so too were religious stories and
allegories
. Yet towards the end of Queen Victoria's reign, the hold of organized religion upon the English people began to slacken for several reasons.
Education in England was not equal - not between the sexes, and not between the classes. Gentlemen would be educated at home by a governess or tutor until they were old enough to attend certain educational institutions. However, it was not compulsory, either legally or socially, for a gentleman to attend school at all. He could, just as easily, be taught entirely at home. However, public school and University were the great staging grounds for public life, where you made your friends and developed the connections that would aid you later in life.
Education
A lady's education was taken, almost entirely, at home. There were boarding schools, but no University, and the studies were very different. She learned French, drawing, dancing, music, and the use of globes. If the school, or the governess, was interested in teaching any practical skills, she learned plain sewing as well as embroidery, and accounts.
Working class - men and women who performed physical labor, paid daily or weekly wages
Middle class - men performed mental or "clean" work, paid monthly or annually
Upper class - did not work, income came from inherited land and investments

SOCIAL CLASS
Typical Incomes (annual)
Aristocrats £30,000
Merchants, bankers £10,000
Middle-class (doctors, lawyers, clerks) £300-800
Lower middle-class (head teachers, journalists, shopkeepers, etc.) £150-300
Skilled workers (carpenters, typesetters,etc.) £75-100
Sailors and domestic staff £40-75
Laborers, soldiers £25

Cholera - caused by human waste in the drinking water.
Symptoms: nausea, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, overwhelming thirst, cramps
Death often followed within 24 hours of the first symptom
Consumption - a tuberculosis of the lungs
Symptoms - weakness, fatigue, wasting away, blood in the lungs
(killed hundreds of thousands of English in the nineteenth century)
Typhus - spread by body lice and dirty conditions
Symptoms: delirium, headaches, rash, high fever

DISEASES
In the late industrial era in Britain the ideology of separate spheres assigned the private sphere to the woman and the public sphere of business, commerce and politics to the man.
The home was regarded as a haven from the busy and chaotic public world of politics and business, and from the grubby world of the factory. Those who could afford to, created cosy domestic interiors with plush fabrics, heavy curtains and fussy furnishings which effectively cocooned the inhabitants from the world outside. The middle-class household contained concrete expressions of domesticity in the form of servants, décor, furnishings, entertainment and clothing.
WOMEN AND MEN
Warm up
Which of the following are proper sentences:
Whales swim.
In a couple of days

How effective is Richard Harland in creating characters, through the use of language features such as, verbs, adverbs, noun groups, similes, metaphor, and extended metaphor, which represent the social issue/s.
Unpacking the essay question
WALT:
identify
text connectives
and
transitional words
and
phrases
for essay writing.
WILF:
use of text connectives and transitional words and phases in your essay
TIB
it is important to use connectives and transitional words to list your arguments and to signal the relations between them.
Look at your essay exemplar, see if you can identify transitional words and phrases in the body paragraphs. Highlight them and list them in the column on the right.
REVIEW
What are text connectives?
warm up
identify the following connecting words
and
because
meanwhile
after
until
through
therefore
with
as
since
YOU DO: Copy this table into your book
You do:
Transitional words and phases
Childcare
The government should provide more financial assistance to parents who use childcare. Childcare centres may assist children in their early development. They give children an opportunity to mix with other children and to develop social skills at an early age. Parents and children need to spend some time apart. Children become less dependent on their parents and parents themselves are less stressed and more effective care-givers when there are periods of separation. Parents who cannot go to work because they don't have access to childcare facilities cannot contribute to the national economy. They are not able to utilise their productive skills and do not pay income tax. Government support for childcare services assists individual families and is important for the economic well-being of the whole nation.
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