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The Planets In Our Solar System

General information about the planets.

Christoff Orr

on 22 April 2011

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Transcript of The Planets In Our Solar System

Solar System By: Christoff ORR The Sun Mercury Mercury is the closest planet
to the sun. Its surface has many
cliffs and craters because lots of
asteroids and comets have
collided with it because it lacks
an atmosphere. It also has areas
with plains. It has no moons. It is
also the second smallest planet.
Mercury's orbit only takes 88 days
and its temperature ranges from
800 degrees F to -300 degrees F. Venus Venus is the second closest
planet to the sun and similar
to Earth in size and mass. Its
is covered with craters, volcanoes,
and faultlike cracks. Venus is very
warm because it has a thick
atmosphere made mostly of carbon
doixide. The average temperatue on
Venus is 867 degrees F. It also reflects
so much light because of the could cover.
Venus appears to be yellow because there
are sulfuric droplets in the atmosphere. It
has no moons. Earth Earth is third closest planet to
the sun and is the only planet
in the solar system that can sustain
life. Its temperatures allow water to
exist in all three states. Its surface
ranges from mountains to plains and
valleys and many oceans, lakes, and
rivers. Earth has one large moon. Mars Mars is the fourth closest planet to
the sun. Its surface has large valleys
and volcanoes. It even has the solar
system's largest volcano, Olympus
Mons. The surface appears to be red
because the soil has a high iron oxide
content. Ice caps have also been found
on Mars and there are channels there,
indicating that water had flowed on the
surface. Dust storms also happen frequently
there. Its temperature can range from 80
degrees F to -200 degrees. Mars has two
small moons. Jupiter Jupiter is the fifth closest planet to the
sun and is the largest planet in the solar
system. Its atmosphere is made mostly of
hydrogen and helium and it has faint rings.
There are also storms that swirl continuously
around it, the largest being the Great Red Spot.
It does not really have any physical features
because it is a gas giant and composed mostly of
different gases and clouds. The temperature at
the top of the clouds is about -230 degrees F but
near the core the might reach 43,000 degrees F,
hotter than the sun's surface. Jupiter has four
large moons and at least 57 smaller ones. One of
its moons, Io, even has active volcanoes. Saturn Saturn is the sixth closest planet to
the sun and is the second largest
palnet in the solar system. Its
atmospere is made up mostly of hydrogen
and helium. Like Jupiter, Saturn doesn't
have any physical features either because
it is also a gas giant made up mostly of gas.
Saturn has a very complex system of rings
made of ice, dust, and other chemicals. It is
the most extensive system of planetary rings
in the entire solar system. Its surface temperatue
is about -215 degrees F and the temperature near
the core is about 21,700 degrees F. Saturn has 31
moons. Its largest moon, Titan, is even bigger than
Mercury. Uranus Uranus is the third farthest planet from
the sun and is a gas giant like Jupiter and
Saturn. It also doesn't have any physical
features. Neptune is large and gaseous
and has thin, dark rings. Its atmosphere is
made up of hydrogen, helium, and methane.
Uranus also has at least 21 moons. Its axis is
nearly parallel to its plane of orbit meaning
that it rotates on its side. Its rings are mostly
made of ice with other chemicals. The surface
temperature on Uranus is about -355 degrees F
and the temperature near the core is about 4200
degrees F. Neptune Neptune is the second farthest away
from the sun and has no physical
features, as it is a gas giant. It is a large
gaseous planet with rings that have varied
thickness. The atmosphere has a lot of
methane gas, which is what gives Neptune
its blue color. Like Jupiter, it also has dark
storms that go on within its atmosphere.
It biggest storm is called the Great Dark
Spot. There is a cloud that continously
spins around Neptune in its amosphere
that is called the scooter. Neptune has at least
11 moons. The average temperature at the
surface is about -328 degrees F and the
temperature at the core is about 9032 degrees F. Pluto Pluto is the farthest away
planet in our solar system
from the sun. It is also the
smallest planet in the solar
system. It has a thin
astmosphere and is made up
mostly of ice and rock. It
has three moons. Charon,
one of its moons, itself is half
the diameter of Pluto. The
average surface temperature
on Pluto is -380 degrees F. Terrestrial Terrestrial Terrestrial Terrestrial Jovian
Five Moons: Io, Europa,
Ganymede, Callisto, and
Leda Jovian
Five moons: Titan, Phoebe,
Rhea, Mimas, and Dione Jovian
Five moons: Mab, Ariel,
Cupid, Puck, and Portia Jovian
Five moons: Sao, Neso,
Triton, Naiad, and Larissa Terrestrial
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