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French Revolution

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esma onur

on 31 May 2017

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Transcript of French Revolution

It transformed France from a monarchical state into a modern nation.

Women had a right to speak in the new social structure.

Overthrew the monarchy and got rid of their current suppression of religion.

It completely stopped any chance of capitalist economy.

With the revolution, most of the high class is gone now and middle class has taken over.

The social structure loosened up and the political power went to the people.


Before the revolution, women had no political rights. They were considered as “passive” citizens which don’t have any right to share their opinion and forced to rely on men to determine what was best for them.
- To overthrow Louis XVI, the king of France

- To destroy the unfair political system

- To make France a republic

- To give more rights to the poorest French

- To free the poorest citizen from the pressures of the two other estates
What are the lasting

Paris, Today
Paris, 18th Century
The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political revolution in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe.
Marie- Antoinette was a young Austrian Princess who was married to Louis XVI to form an Austrian alliance with France. She was the primary symbol of the French royalty’s extravagance and excess.

Charles de Calonne proposed a brave plan to shift the French tax burden from the poor to wealthy nobles and businessmen, suggesting a tax on land proportional to land values and a lessened tax burden for farmers. The French nobility, however, refused to pay these taxes.
Olympe de Gouges was one of the first women to fight for equal rights. She is best remembered for championing women’s rights in her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen during the French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen
Military general and first emperor of France. After Napoleon, France became a republic again
The last king of France
Economic Crisis
France had a very poor economy at this time. The French people had to pay heavy taxes, which left many citizens dirt poor. People could not afford their most necessity any longer; food.
The Estates System
The estates system was a social order that divided society into certain classes. Each classes had different privileges based on wealth. So, the injustice and unfair taxation become an important issue for the French Revolution
Where did it
take place?
battles were fought in different parts of the country.
It began in 1789 and
ended in the late 1790s
What is this revolution a response to in the culture?
Struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state.

Political Conflict
Conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.

The Enlightenment
Impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts; reinforces traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant of which was laid out in Montesquieu Spirit of the Laws; introduces new notions of good government, the most radical being popular sovereignty.
Social antagonisms
between two rising groups:
The aristocracy and
the bourgeoisie

Especially the agrarian crisis of 1788-89 generates popular discontent and disorders caused by food shortages.
People fighting for justice and equality in the political system.
conomic Hardship
History.com Staff. "French Revolution." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 15 May 2017.

The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. "French Revolution." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, inc., 23 Dec. 2016. Web. 15 May 2017.

"Effects of the French Revolution." AP World History 2012-2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2017.

"French Revolution." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Encyclopedia.com, n.d. Web. 20 May 2017.

"KS3 Bitesize History - Popular protest through time and the UK : Revision, Page 6." BBC. BBC, n.d. Web. 20 May 2017.

"The French Revolution (1789–1799)." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 18 May 2017.
The french was the key to forming
the modern world.
After the revolution Napoleon came. The Napoleonic Wars helped to signal the beginning of the end for the system of monarchy.
The French Monarchy
and the Roman Empire
were fully gone.

There was a fragile european peace.
second world war
cold war
People fought in the revolution to achieve social justice.
The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France, on the afternoon of

The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris.
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