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Transcript of Machiavelli
Born: May 3, 1469
Death: June 21, 1527
Writer, Humanist, Historian,
Why is he important to the Renaissance?
Contributing to the discourse of Western thought, he not only helped in this field, but also the principles of war, history, and diplomacy. He is more known as one of the greatest politicians still refered to today.
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"Niccolò Machiavelli - Biography." Niccolò Machiavelli. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.
"Niccolò Machiavelli Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.
Born in Florence, May 3, 1469
Born into wealthy and well educated family
Became a diplomat, 14 years
Medici Family were exiled during his diplomatic years
Niccolo organized a Florentine Militia for Medici family's return
1512 Medici returned to power and arrested Machiavelli for conspiracy
Tortured and imprisoned for weeks
Lost place as a politician
Studied and read about Roman and Greek history, kings, and other leaders
Wrote many 'political treaties' mainly concerning about how a man can obtain and contain power
Picture from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli
Wrote verse, plays, and short prose
Wrote his major contributions and thoughts into a book, "Discourses on the Ten Books of Titus Livy"
A commentary on a famous historian from the Roman Republic
1527, Medici Ruler exiled and Machiavelli attempted to retake position
Repuation got in his way
Heatlh failed him
Died June 21, 1527
Based on his work of 'The Prince', he shows and explains that rulers may come to the conclusion to do anything to obtain their goals and rule such as treachery and artifice. Assisting those who want to maintain political strength even to this day.
The birthing of not only arts and literature, but also the evolution of political perspective and principles that all who pursue a political career should be influenced by.
Art of War
Created 1520, this book expains the principles of war as well as strategic procedures of acqusition and maintenence of military forces.
Machiavelli’ experiences as a young man are reflected in his works. First of all, the instability of Florence was a major cause of his passion to understand how states are managed. Secondly, his humanistic education is evident in the Discourses on Livy, superficially a commentary on the work by the Roman historian but in practice—as some argue—an original work of political philosophy.
The Prince is set against the backdrop of the Italian Renaissance, a period of intense activity in art, science, and literature. Rich, sophisticated, and cultured, Italy was the center of intellectual achievement in the Western world, and scholars and artists from all over Europe flocked to it to absorb its heady atmosphere. Even today, the achievements of Italian artists and thinkers are prized for their beauty and originality. Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci were Machiavelli's contemporaries, and Florence itself, with its famous cathedral, was one of the capitals of Renaissance art.
Machiavelli composed The Prince as a practical guide for ruling (though some scholars argue that the book was intended as a satire and essentially a guide on how not to rule). This goal is evident from the very beginning, the dedication of the book to Lorenzo de’ Medici, the ruler of Florence. its prose is simple and its logic straightforward. These traits underscore Machiavelli’s desire to provide practical, easily understandable advice.