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Using Rhetorical Patterns
Transcript of Using Rhetorical Patterns
*Simile--"X is like Y"; "X is as Y"; simple comparison
*Metaphor--"X is Y" direct comparison
*Onomatopoeia--words sounding like what they describe
* Trope--using words outside of their literal meaning
Narrative This pattern describes a sequences of events that, in many ways, tells a way to illustrate your main point (425). Genres such as reviews, literary analyses, and rhetorical analyses use narrative to summarize or describe their subject. While genres such as proposals and reports use narrative to dramatize events and give a historical background, genres such as memoirs and profiles rely on narrative as the basis of organizing everything an audience reads.
Definitions are explanations of why and how someone uses a particular term (429). Sentence definitions are similar to those found in dictionaries while extended definitions start with a sentence and continue to explain the term further. Sentence definitions typically have three parts--definition of the term, category of the term, and distinguishing characteristics--while extended definitions have multiple techniques (429-30). This allows us to divide objects and people into groups to discuss them in more detail (431). Some writers designate a short paragraph for classification while other writers use it for their entire paper. Three ways writers use classification are: listing everything that fits into an entire group/category, deciding how to classify groups/categories, and sorting into major and minor groups/categories (431-32). Clearly, this involves noting the similarities and differences between two or more objects, places, or ideas (434). Writers who use the device often make columns to delineate characteristics belong to each item of comparison and contrast. Writers can also use this device to show how two or more items of comparison and contrast measure up to each other.
In the end, it is always good to see how you can combine rhetorical devices to suit your purposes for arguing a point. Narrative Pattern Set the Scene
Introduce a Complication
Evaluate the Complication
Resolve the Complication
State the Point ("moral of the story")
Strategies of Extended Definitions Word Origin (Etymology)
Negation (What something is not)
Similarities and Differences