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Photojournalism

Time Capsule Assignment
by

Lindsay Sturgeon

on 6 December 2014

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Transcript of Photojournalism

The Vietnam War
Photojournalism

1910
1950
1940
1930
1920
1990
1980
1970
1960
2000
"Flower Power" - by Bernie Boston
Timeline in the History of Photojournalism
Questions?
Comments?
Time Capsule Presentation by:
Julia Agris, Allana Graham, Theis Hoekstra,
Mackenzie McNevin, and Lindsay Sturgeon

"The Burning Monk" by Malcolm Browne
"Napalm Girl" by Nick Ut
"Loss of a Child" - Horst Faas
• Captured by Associated Press photographer Nick Ut on June 8th 1972
• The Girl in the photo is Kim Phuc
• She had ripped off her burning clothes after being splashed with napalm. She
was severely burned.
• Ut won Pulitzer for this photo
• Photograph and Kim herself have become a symbol of the war

June 10, 1963: U.S. correspondents are informed
June 11, 1963: Malcolm Browne photographs Thich Quang Duc’s self-immolation
June 16, 1963: Joint Communique
June 19, 1963: Duc’s funeral
November 2, 1963: Diem & brother’s arrest & assasination

Timeline of
Surrounding Events
"Saigon Execution" by Eddie Adams
1826: First photograph
1890's: Photographs appear in newspapers
1870's: Half-tone screen technology
1936-1939 Spanish Civil War
1900: Photo agencies producing images for distribution to multiple newspapers
Other significant technical developments in photographic supplies:
-Factory-made dry plates
-Fast shutters
-Magnesium flares
How was America's perception of war different before photojournalism?
What was the impact of photography in journalism?
Did the emergence of of photojournalism during the Vietnam War change America's glorified public opinion on war?
Half-tone technology:
Much more efficient than the traditional and time-consuming method of using hand-drawn woodcuts.
COURAGE?
LIBERTY?
PATRIOTISM?
- first time war was "witnessed" in the modern sense
Context:
Protest march to the Pentagon, October 21, 1967
50,000 protesters
Confrontation with the National Guard
1940: Japan invades French colonized Indochina
September 1945: Ho Chi Minh creates DRV

1945: Japan withdraws
October 1946: French announce reclamation of the North
November: France engages war
March 13, 1954: First Indochina War & Geneva Accords
May 7, 1954: Battle at Dien Bien Phu
-New Party Rises-
-French Occupation-
1954: Ngo Dinh Diem comes into power

1955: Creation of RVN & creation of “Denounce the Communists” campaign - President Eisenhower declares support

Who is Horst Faas?
- German photojournalism
- The Associated Press
- Cheif of Photo Operations in Vietnam
- 1st of 2 Pullitzer Price(1965)
- "Horst Army"
- mentored Huynh Cong “Nick” Ut
"Journalist first, photographer second"
November 1, 1955: Beginning of Vietnam War
1957: Low-level guerrilla movement in RVN
1961: President JFK sends 400
Special-Op forces trained soldiers

1970: Kent State University Killings
1973: President Nixon orders U.S. withdrawal

April 30, 1975: End of Vietnam War
1976: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
1970 -Student strikes
Causes:
Japanese occupation
WWII military tension
Uprising against communism
American support & deployment

Conflict in Vietnam
Lasting Impacts...


"Vietnam Style"

• The Era constructed a “Vietnam style”, which was related to the subculture of the sixties in America.

• Iconic peace signs and flowers could be seen on military outfits along with other anti-war symbols as a protest against the war from the soldiers.

• The Vietnam War itself has become a cultural commodity
1974: First digital camera
1970s: Decline of photo magazines
1914-1918: WWI
1930s: The Great Depression
October 29, 1929: Stock market crash
IN CONCLUSION:



http://www.newseum.org/media/ws/mp3/bio_faas_4.mp3
Discussion:
How do you think these images of "flower children" affected the American public?
Do you think that the underlying message differs from that of the images of violence and horror abroad?
May 4, 1970
October 21, 1967
February 1, 1968
June 8, 1972
Full transcript