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Transcript of Photojournalism
"Flower Power" - by Bernie Boston
Timeline in the History of Photojournalism
Time Capsule Presentation by:
Julia Agris, Allana Graham, Theis Hoekstra,
Mackenzie McNevin, and Lindsay Sturgeon
"The Burning Monk" by Malcolm Browne
"Napalm Girl" by Nick Ut
"Loss of a Child" - Horst Faas
• Captured by Associated Press photographer Nick Ut on June 8th 1972
• The Girl in the photo is Kim Phuc
• She had ripped off her burning clothes after being splashed with napalm. She
was severely burned.
• Ut won Pulitzer for this photo
• Photograph and Kim herself have become a symbol of the war
June 10, 1963: U.S. correspondents are informed
June 11, 1963: Malcolm Browne photographs Thich Quang Duc’s self-immolation
June 16, 1963: Joint Communique
June 19, 1963: Duc’s funeral
November 2, 1963: Diem & brother’s arrest & assasination
"Saigon Execution" by Eddie Adams
1826: First photograph
1890's: Photographs appear in newspapers
1870's: Half-tone screen technology
1936-1939 Spanish Civil War
1900: Photo agencies producing images for distribution to multiple newspapers
Other significant technical developments in photographic supplies:
-Factory-made dry plates
How was America's perception of war different before photojournalism?
What was the impact of photography in journalism?
Did the emergence of of photojournalism during the Vietnam War change America's glorified public opinion on war?
Much more efficient than the traditional and time-consuming method of using hand-drawn woodcuts.
- first time war was "witnessed" in the modern sense
Protest march to the Pentagon, October 21, 1967
Confrontation with the National Guard
1940: Japan invades French colonized Indochina
September 1945: Ho Chi Minh creates DRV
1945: Japan withdraws
October 1946: French announce reclamation of the North
November: France engages war
March 13, 1954: First Indochina War & Geneva Accords
May 7, 1954: Battle at Dien Bien Phu
-New Party Rises-
1954: Ngo Dinh Diem comes into power
1955: Creation of RVN & creation of “Denounce the Communists” campaign - President Eisenhower declares support
Who is Horst Faas?
- German photojournalism
- The Associated Press
- Cheif of Photo Operations in Vietnam
- 1st of 2 Pullitzer Price(1965)
- "Horst Army"
- mentored Huynh Cong “Nick” Ut
"Journalist first, photographer second"
November 1, 1955: Beginning of Vietnam War
1957: Low-level guerrilla movement in RVN
1961: President JFK sends 400
Special-Op forces trained soldiers
1970: Kent State University Killings
1973: President Nixon orders U.S. withdrawal
April 30, 1975: End of Vietnam War
1976: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
1970 -Student strikes
WWII military tension
Uprising against communism
American support & deployment
Conflict in Vietnam
• The Era constructed a “Vietnam style”, which was related to the subculture of the sixties in America.
• Iconic peace signs and flowers could be seen on military outfits along with other anti-war symbols as a protest against the war from the soldiers.
• The Vietnam War itself has become a cultural commodity
1974: First digital camera
1970s: Decline of photo magazines
1930s: The Great Depression
October 29, 1929: Stock market crash
How do you think these images of "flower children" affected the American public?
Do you think that the underlying message differs from that of the images of violence and horror abroad?
May 4, 1970
October 21, 1967
February 1, 1968
June 8, 1972