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General music theory

basic music theory

Chad Waterman

on 21 July 2010

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Transcript of General music theory

music notes sharps flats sharps raise a note by a half step. flats lower the note
by a half step.
1 whole note = 2 half notes = 4 quarter notes = 8 eighth notes =16 sixteenth notes a dot after a note adds half the value of the note it is following 1 whole note =4 beats,
1 half note = 2 beats.
1 quarter note = 1beat
1 eighth note =1/2 beat,
1 sixteenth note = 1/4 beat musical terms largo: broad and slow 40-60 bpm
adiago: bit faster then largo 66-76 bpm
andante: walking pace 76-108 bpm
moderato: moderate speed 108-120 bpm
allegro: quick and lively 120-168 bpm
presto: really fast 180-200 bpm tempo clefs trebel clef (G clef) most common used for higher pitched instruments
bass clef (F clef) used for lower pitched intruments key signature sharps or flats written at
the start of a piece, straight
after the clef, tell you the
key signature
the key signature makes notes
sharp or flat all the way through
a piece of music accidentals sharps or flats that you see
by individual notes, but are not in
the key signature are called accidentals.
once an accidental has appeared in a measure,
it applies to all notes of the same pitch for
the rest of that measure, unless it's cancelled out by
a natural sign. natural sign a natural sign before a note
cancels the effect of a sharp or flat
sign from earlier in the measure or from a key signature. time signature there is always a time signiture
at the start of a piece of music and
is written using 2 numbers
the top number shows you how many beats are in a measure (for e.g "4" means 4 beats in a bar.
the bottom number tells you what kind of note gets the beat. Staff made up of 5 lines and 4 spaces dynamics piano - soft
mezzo piano - medium soft
mezzo forte - medium loud
forte- loud
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