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Fort Campbell the Clarksville Base
Tyler Brownon 1 November 2012
Transcript of Fort Campbell the Clarksville Base
Cheyane Fagan Fort Campbell, TN Clarksville Base Cont. Sources Clarksville Base tells the story of a nation willing to go to great lengths to defend its liberty and preserve its way of life. Fort Campbell acknowledges the significance of Clarksville Base as a tangible record of the early Cold War. The Army is committed to preserving Clarksville Base and is working diligently to protect many of the most significant buildings and tell the stories of those who served here for future generations. I Marines, nor anyone else, never saw any of the weapons, but did see the containers they were transported in. The containers were on small trailers and were towed from Clarksville, which was located within the confines of Ft Campbell Army Base, to Campbell AFB, which was also located within the confines of Ft Campbell. This containers were loaded onto AF planes, and where they went, no one ever had a clue. Clarksville Base is a 5,000-acre compound at Fort Campbell. It is the second of thirteen nuclear weapon storage site established during the Cold War. The Clarksville Modification Center ("The Birdcage" as it was called by the locals). The facility opened beside to the Army base in 1948. This compound northwest of Clarksville housed part of the U.S. nuclear arsenal during the early years of the Cold War in an intricate, well-sealed tunnel system carved into the side of a hill. Clarksville Base The nuclear operation shut down in 1965, and the facility was closed in 1969 by Fort Campbell. It is used today as a munitions and equipment storage area for the fort. Many of the buildings and underground tunnels remain intact. Clarksville Base Historic District, a National Register eligible historic district, has been identified as a historic district and is significant due to its role during the early years of the Cold War Plans were made for such a camp in early 1940. However, since the U.S. remained neutral throughout 1940 and most of 1941, building funds were not authorized. The bombing of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941 changed all of that. Funds were authorized for the purchase of 105,000 acres of land at a cost of $4 million, and construction began two months later in March of 1942. The camp was ready for occupation in four short months. Over 21 million square feet of billets, warehouses, classrooms and motor pools were built at a cost of $35 million. http://www.fortcampbell.com/clarksvillebase/
http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/facility/clarksville.htm Today, the Army uses many of the buildings at Clarksville Base for office space and storage. Fort Campbell is in the process of making room for new Army units as part of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process. The Army has decided to redevelop some areas of Clarksville Base and has sponsored extensive studies of the cultural resources and built environment at the base. These studies will provide the Army with the information it needs to make decisions about redevelopment while also protecting the heritage of Clarksville Base. http://www.fortcampbell.com/clarksvillebase/looking_forward.html Clarksville was somewhat hilly and the weapons that were stored were placed in bunkers dug into the sides of these hills. No one was ever allowed in any of the bunkers so no one ever knew what went on in them.
Another unique thing about Clarksville was the amount of fences that were around the facility. There was an outer fence, a lethal fence, another fence and an inner fence. http://www.marinebarracks.com/clarksville_history.htm