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Practice Framework Prezi Presentation

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Allie Broughton

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Practice Framework Prezi Presentation

Social work, to me is...
The End!
I value...
Sharing love
Equality & unity
Empowering people
Drawing on client strengths
Being genuine and honest
Social justice
Being non-judgmental
Culturally sensitive & safe interactions
Human rights
Privacy & confidentiality
Client's right to self-determination
Coping strategies
Mental health issues, illnesses
Cognitive, intellectual, physical disorders & disabilities
Effects of trauma
Effects of social issues
Ethics and conduct
Understanding of society
Social welfare & policies
Cultural awareness
My practice framework
Applying theory to practice
Active listening
Connecting resources & networking
Responsible decision making
Developing & maintaing relationships
Culturally sensitive practice
helping people, groups, communities and societies to meet their needs & goals, reach
their full potential, and have overall well-being, life satisfaction & happiness.

Also seeking social justice, striving to
change the issues and policy that
negatively impact on people's lives.

Bringing people together.
By Allison Broughton
I believe...
that we should care for & love all people equally
in having unconditional, positive regard for all
to hold belief in my client & their goals
all people deserve happiness & love
in providing positive relationships to people, groups, communities
in seeing the strength in people & not putting blame on them for their misfortunes
maintaining hope for things for improve - for individuals and humanity
people can have positive contribution in other's lives & in their communities
Principles of Strengths Perspective

The Strengths Perspective focuses on drawing on the service user’s capability and potential as way of enabling the client to identify and progress towards their hopes for the future. It aims to build on the client’s capacities. The service is a collaborative partnership between the provider and the user, with the client seen as the expert with the capacity to decide what is best for them. The service provider should mobilize the service user’s strengths in reaching the goals determined by them, this way the client will have an improved quality of life in their terms. When working from this theory, the problem is not considered to be the person, it is externalized and seen separately. This theory offers optimism, respect, recognition of resilience and social and community support.
Principles of the task-centred

a method of social work in which clients are helped to carry out problem-solving taks. The work is concerned with problems that:
clients acknowledge or accept
can be resolved through actions taken outside contact with workers
can be clearly defined
come from things that clients want to change in their lives/unsatisfied wants
Defining the problem, establishing goals, and the steps to achieving each goal are the essence of Task Centred Practice. Task Centred Practice is based around four stages and processes:
Phase 1: Developing a focus on the problem
Phase 2: Reaching Agreement: Goals and Contracts
Phase 3: Developing Goals into manageable tasks
Phase 4: Ending and reviewing the work
Principles of the Empowerment Approach

The empowerment approach requires the worker to focus on assisting the client to gain more control over their lives, be aware of and use their own resources, solve problems in meeting their identified needs and aspirations, make decisions for themselves and be in a position to challenge situations where inequality and oppression are evident. Empowerment practice aims to share power with clients and help people take power from themselves. This involves helping the client to overcome social barriers present in social structures that prevent self-fulfilment, encourage and empower clients to act themselves, and transferring problem-solving to clients where possible. Empowerment intends to enable the client to continue achieving goals through developing and cultivating resources and strategies.
Principles of Systems Theory

This theory views organisms as systems, in which are comprised subsystems and then are apart of super-system. This theory is adapted to groups such as families and societies. These groups are made up of an element, which involves everyone in the family who have their own hierarchical order, or internal order, therefore providing a state of equilibrium. Systems theory attempts to view thinking, behaviour and emotion as a linear process. Through this, systems theory aims to identify the impulsive nature of systems, which in turn ultimately affects the environment in return, affects organisms. If the internal order of one of the systems breaks down, the system therefore becomes unbalanced and can ultimately result in a development of various psychological and behavioural disturbances in various organisms. This therapy aims to diagnose undesirable patterns, behaviours and language throughout the system to improve interactions and the overall functioning of the system and those who are within that system.
Principles of Cognitive
& Behavioural Theories

Cognitive therapy aims to change the way the client thinks about the issue; whereas behaviour therapy aims to teach the client to alter their behaviour. The main focus is that these thoughts, feelings and behaviours combine to impact on the person’s quality of life. Challenging and overcoming automatic beliefs and using practical self-help strategies results in increased positive feelings, leading to positive thoughts and behaviours, and vice versa.

recognizes of the power of optimism to achieve a bettered quality of life for the service user
belief that the service user has the skills to overcome issues and achieve goals, and are not constrained by their problems
client self-determination, promoting a collaborative approach between the worker and the client
attention is drawn to how the informal and formal networks of the client can be used or developed challenges the service provider to constantly reflect on their attitude and language and how this enables or disables the service user

can be viewed by some as ignorant to barriers or structural issues around the client’s progress ability can also be considered too narrow by some service providers, as goals are focus on the individual and community level
may place too much responsibility on the individual and community to achieve the desired change
‘Strength’ is a culturally loaded term, what is considered a strength in one context may be seen as a weakness in another
lack of direction in how to determine a strength

the advantage of spending enough time with the client to identify and know their core beliefs
emphasizes practical solutions which increase the rates of participation and satisfaction of services
bridges cultural gaps by increasing the clients understanding that irrational thoughts are experienced by everyone
provides a short-term option of therapy, can be used with individuals, family and groups, and can be implemented regardless of the setting
Clients have an active involvement in the therapy process
accessible model of intervention for all practitioners due to the excessive amount of information available
has measurable and easy to document outcomes
targets specific problems, enabling the treatment to be individualised
is valid for treatment of many psychosocial disorders such as depression, anxiety phobias, eating disorders
there is a focus on the problem, not the solution
no focus on social change
there is a risk that the therapist will lose focus on rapport and be consumed by technique
assumes an objective reality
assumes that the behaviour of the person will change if they learn to act rationally - thinking rationally not does guarantee behaviours will be rational, or that increased self-esteem will be achieved
it does not consider the persons environment or policies that influence the person that may cause their happiness or unhappiness, it is believed that it is the persons thinking that determines their quality of life
there is emphasis on challenging clients beliefs and labelling thoughts as irrational, and can be confrontational, which can be seen as culturally insensitive or an irresponsible use of power

task centred work fits into a pattern of intervention which is predictable and planned
focuses on problem solving, and the problem is accepted as it is, rather than analysed for its origins or causes
pragmatic - it is practical and focused on outcomes which are agreed and worked for
service user directed
useful in situations where service users are able to maintain a focus on a single problem, or at most a few problems, and are sufficiently rewarded by achieving a task, rather than in need of a supportive relationship with a social worker
it’s been used successfully as part of plans to protect children by working with parents to define goals which reduce risk and abusive behaviour
lends itself to evaluation, which can be crucial when making decisions about high risk strategies
structured, short-term model of working with specific problems, providig good guidance and is well supported by research

Not effective where long-term psychological problems are the main issue
Does not work well with people who do not accept the right of the worker or agency to be involved
The clarity of the process may simplify the complexity of the issue
Criticism of contracts (often used in task-centred approach)
Contract offers false sense of equality between worker and client
Unable to help people whose whole life is characterized by continual crises because of poverty and social exclusion
Fails to address social issues affecting people’s lives

client independence in the client-worker relationship, ensuring the client does not become dependent on the worker
instils independent problem-solving skills in the client
once the worker has exited the relationship, the client is able to continue achieving goals with the skills and resources they have developed and are capable of using
the client is engaged as the primary agent of change and respected for their equal value
self-esteem, self-confidence and self-acceptance, development of skills, cultivating resources, and confidence in their own abilities is seen in the client at the outcome
the client is able to independently reach their full potential and gain power of decisions and action over their lives
clients have the ability to understand the link between personal situation and structural inequality, encouraging the development of horizontal links with others who are working on the same or similar issues
offers ideas for issues of oppression, critical thinking and collaborative working with clients inclusive in their practice

risk of the power being left with the worker, as the power is given by them
does not aim to change structural problems or pursue change in oppressive social structures; instead the client is given responsibility for social change
yhe change efforts made by workers are only directed at clients and their networks
does not address the reality that some powerless people do not have the capacity to have full power over their lives; this poses the risk that the worker may act as though such clients can achieve a high level of empowerment
it can also be argued that a generalised idea of empowerment for all clients is insufficient, and that empowering people does not guarantee that it will reach their networks and wider community

it encompasses the aims of social work by increasing social connections and person-in-environment fit
it avoids liner, deterministic cause-and-effect explanations of behaviour or social phenomena, as multifinality and equifinality can show how energy flows through systems and can affect systems in various ways
is a holistic approached that considers the structural and personal influences that may be contributing to dysfunction and oppression
renders systemic therapy as a better-rounded method of practice

it is difficult to test empirically because the notions are set out in a way that makes them easier to understand and makes connections with various levels of society and individual behaviour, but does not explain why those connections exist and why they happen (expository rather than explanatory)
it is over inclusive – everything that presents itself is not always relevant
it may be assumed that something is related to a system, when in fact it is not
there is also a large focus on changing the individuals immediate environment, however there is not a focus on the macro environment, which could lead to a continuation of oppression and structural disadvantage
Strengths Perspective
Task-Centred Theory
The Empowerment Approach
Cognitive & Behavioural Theories
Systems Theory
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