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chap. 12 test review -- HWS9
Transcript of chap. 12 test review -- HWS9
2. Wu Zhao
3. Genghis Khan
4. Kublai Khan
5. Marco Polo
7. Angkor Wat
8. Koryu Dynasty Question 1 Why was the reform of the civil service under the
Tang so significant? Question 2 How did changes in agriculture support other developments during the Song Dynasty? Question 3 Why were nomads and settled peoples sometimes
in conflict? Question 4 What were the most important accomplishments
of the Mongol Empire? Question 5 Explain how Kublai Khan treated his Chinese subjects. Question 6 How did Kublai Khan encourage trade? Question 10 What were the major accomplishments of the Koryu Dynasty? Chapter 12
By Chani *created remarkably intelligent and capable governing class in China
*education became more important than noble birth in winning power
*many moderately wealthy families shared in China's govern. *advances in farming
*improved cultivation of rice
*imported rice from Vietnam that allowed farmers to harvest 2 rice crops per yr.
*enabled farmers to produce more food necessary to feed rapidly expanding population
*technological advances *lifestyles very different
*in constant interaction with each other
*nomadic people sometimes tempted by rich land and then took over what they wanted
*settled people lived in constant fear of raids *(1227) Genghis Khan's successors continued to expand empire conquering territory from China to Poland in less than 50 yrs.
*mid-1200s to mid-1300s, Mongols imposed stability and law order across much of Eurasia
*^this period sometimes called Pax Mongolica (Mongol peace)
*trade between Europe and Asia flourished
*Chinese innovations reached Europe (like gun powder) *kept separate identity from Chinese
*didn't let Chinese into high govern. offices
*humiliated Chinese *invited foreign merchants to visit China
*most were Muslims from India, Central Asia,
*many European traders and travelers, including
Christian missionaries, reached China Question 7 Describe the Impact of Chinese culture on Japan. *607, Prince Shotoku's people studied Chinese civilization first hand
*over next 200 yrs, Japan sent many groups to learn about Chinese ways
*adopted Chinese writing system
*painted landscapes in Chinese manner
*followed Chinese styles in simple arts of everyday living
*for a time, modeled Chinese govern.
*took Chinese ways and adapted them to make thime fit their needs Question 8 How did feudalism develop in Japan? *large landowners living away from capital set up private armies
*countryside became lawless and dangerous
*armed soldiers on horseback preyed on farmers and travelers
*pirates took control of the seas
*for safety, farmers and small landowners traded parts of their land to strong warlords in exchange for protection
*more land = more power for lords Question 9 Describe the two sources of prosperity for Southeast Asian empires. *influenced by India and China
*trade and improved rice cultivation
*Indian influence shaped many aspects of region's
*controlling trade routes and harbors = important
for strong political power *artisans produced on of great treasures in Buddhist world (many thousands of large wooden blocks for printing all Buddhist scriptures)
*potters produced much-admired celadon pottery (famous for its milky green glaze)
*established civil service system
*modeled its central govern. after China's