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Designer Babies

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S Rolandelli

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of Designer Babies

The Process of IVF and PGD
Pros of Designer Babies and IVF
The benefits of this medical intervention includes the ability to...
So far today, doctors are only able to detect inherited diseases and use only embryos that do not carry the disorders in IVF. This is the closest we've come to a "designer baby" so far (besides choosing gender). The future of designer babies extends to an infinite amount of directions. From giving the baby blue eyes to increasing their level of intelligence. The problem isn't if we could or couldn't create designer babies; the issue lies in this question: should we?
Additional Facts
1978 represents the year the first successful IVF baby was born
Range of price for IVF can be around $10,000-$15000
Designer babies
By Paige Miller, Megan Baum,
Celes Montague, Sabrina Rolandelli
Decrease possibility of a child inheriting a genetic disease and chances of having a medical condition.
Developing a matching organ or other body part to transplant to another child in need (like expressed in the movie
My Sister’s Keeper
More potential pregnancies for women who may be prone to miscarriages
Installs a better understanding of genetics for genealogists and biologists.
Can possibly increase human life span up to 30 years.
Allows cosmetic and mental enhancement of babies to take place.
Allows parents to give their child a healthier life.
Allows prospective parents to give their child traits that they do not carry.
Future DNA related technology can be developed based off of this idea.
Future increase in intelligence rate.
Possible crime rate to be lowered.

Imagine creating your own baby. Deciding what gender, personality, skin color, hair color and health you want him/her to have. Designer babies are just that
Scientist began genetically engineering plant genes to help them survive against pesticides and harsh weather, giving them a greater chance at survival. They then began to do the same with human genes.
P.G.D.(pre-implantation genetic diagnosis) helps identify potentially deadly genetic diseases, blindness, or cancer in embryos. Scientists would then take the healthiest embryo with the greatest chance of survival and implant it into the woman's uterus. Since technology is becoming more advanced scientists are beginning find specific genes in the genetic code for more desirable traits (hair and skin color, ect.). Through this process we can hypothetically create the "perfect human," though it has not been done yet. All scientists can do now is prevent genetic disorders.
The idea of creating a world of perfect humans started many years ago when Adolf Hitler tried to "eliminate" everyone who didn't fit into the society or was not perfect in his opinion. He wanted the society to have the best and only the best. Some believe going further with designer babies would be similar to following Hitler's beliefs; we would be creating our vision of "perfect human beings" and the imperfection (which is in many ways a good thing) in humans would cease to exist.

Thomas Malthus and Herbert Spence believed that the society's problems were due to criminals and the mentally-ill. Now these problems can possibly be solved with new technology (babies with only "good" traits would be born, eventually ridding the world of the the "bad" people). They called this process of panned evolution Eugenics. However many people consider this as a way of "playing God," which many believe to be unethical.

Many people people think think that throwing away the embryos not used are in violation of “life.”
Many people consider it “playing God.”
If it becomes common place individuality will cease to exist; all parents would want their baby to be pretty, healthy, intelligent, etc., and everyone might end up looking somewhat the same.
no one knows long term effects (what side effects might take place when the baby is born, will messing with physical genes affect mental ones or vice versa, etc.).
Gender imbalance (many countries believe girls are useless and do not carry on the family name and so more people might chose to have boys).
A new class system may form which would be no longer based upon race or money but on genetic superiority or inferiority. There would be new prejudice against those who were not genetically "designed" (similar to the ideas in the movie
Human error in the process of creating a perfect baby could result in major issues like genetic mutations or disorders, personality issues, etc.
An even more enforced stereotype of beauty would form, making those who do not look like the genetically altered humans feel inferior.
By genetically enhancing human beings we are basically forcing adaptations on ourselves, speeding up the process of evolution which could cause major issues in the way the human races evolves and adapts in the future.

In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF, is the joining of a women's egg and a man's sperm in a laboratory dish. In Vitro means "outside the body" and Fertilization means the sperm has attached to and entered the egg. In order to create designer babies it is required to go through this process instead of natural fertilization so that the doctors can manipulate the embryos.
Step One: First the woman is given what are commonly called fertility drugs in order to boost her egg production. Instead of producing one egg per month these medicines force her ovaries to produce several in a matter of weeks.
Step Two: Next the eggs are retrieved from the ovaries through a minor surgery called follicular aspiration.
Step Three: The man's sperm is either placed together with the best quality eggs to allow it to fertilize them, or it is injected directly into the eggs. The mixing of the sperm and egg is called insemination.
Step Four: When the fertilized eggs divide, they become embryos. Laboratory staff will regularly check the embryos to make sure they are growing properly. This is also when PGD takes place. This procedure is done about 3-4 days after fertilization and is where the scientists remove a single cell from each embryo and screen the material for genetic disorders. The embryos that do carry any disorders are discarded (some believe this is depriving them of life, which is why this can be a controversial topic). This is also the time that doctors would alter physical or mental traits in the embryo if this technology is obtained and legal in the future.
Step Five: The genetically superior embryo is placed into the mother's womb 3-5 days after fertilization. If all goes well, the embryo will start to grow like a regular baby and the woman will most likely go though a regular birthing process.
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