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Chicano Poetry

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Maria Guarino

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Chicano Poetry

Chicano Poetry By: Alejandro Menjivar, Katherine Bailey, Maria Guarino Barrio Theme Anglo Theme Alurista Themes of Chicano Poetry Poetry and the Chicano Movement What influence does poetry have for Chicanos? Introduction What is Poetry? "Chicano literature was created out of the need to expose and connect la raza to a new cultural and politcal social identity,"- Ramon del Castillo In the 1980’s Mexican Americans began protesting for a new identity for themselves. The movement was driving to create a new ethnicity for the group, soon to be called “Chicano”. This new identity gave the protest the name “The Chicano Movement.”
The Chicanos adopted the culture of the Anglo’s as their own. The goal of the Chicano Movement was to change Chicano’s conditions both socially and economically. In hopes of being treated as equal citizens, not as a minority.
The controversy of the term “Chicano” uncovered a new meaning and identity for the word. It conveyed a commitment to dis-assimilation.

Chicano poetry has an important place in the history of the Chicano Movement.
Poetry readings could be found throughout most of the protest. The poetry was performed for the protesting crows, and during political rallies.
Some poems could also be found in newspapers, under the “Chicano News” sections.
Rodolfo Gonzales, José Angel Gutiérrez, and Alurista were poets and leaders of large regional movements across the country.
Chicano Poetry presents a deep sense of the history behind the culture of Chicanos.
The four main themes of Chicano Poetry are:
The Movement
The Barrio
The Anglo World
These themes help explain how Chicano Poets convert their audience to the identities conveyed in their works.
Urgency is expressed in the theme of movement.
This theme is considered both a promise as well as a dream, but also as an answer to the conditions of both the past and the present.
Mañana is mentioned quite frequently in Chicano Poetry.
Alurista is a poet who gives readers a chance to come up with their own definition and understanding of what a poem conveys, and what they think the term “tomorrow” means, and establish their own definition for it.
The Barrio theme consists mostly of people who live in the the barrio as well as the barrio itself.
The most relatable image of the Barrio theme is the lost or ruined homeland of the Chicano people. In Chicano culture, the Anglo is basis of multiple devil terms and is often the main devil term.
The Anglo them represents the harsh separation of a Mexican American or Chicano from his or her true home and community.
The Movement A farmworker is an image that best represents the theme of movement.
Farmworkers are great symbols of the strength Chicanos have, the overall struggles they face regularly and their strong determination " When raza?
yesterday's gone
manana doesn't come
for he who waits
la gente que espera
no vera manana
our tomorrow es hoy
mi gente
our people to freedom
now, ahorita, define tu manana hoy" Chicanismo Themes Nearly every Chicano Poem relates to or directly addresses Chicanismo.
The Chicanismo theme, similar to the movement theme, expresses racial and discriminatory knowledge, and like the barrio theme, care for the environment.
Chicanismo poets focus more on self intuition rather than broad actions and events.
This theme’s main focus is to separate and distinguish the differences between Chicanos and Anglos, as two separate cultures. Lorna Dee Cervantes Born in San Francisco, California in 1954
Grew up in a barrio called “Horseshoe”
Full of poverty, gangs, and street violence

As a teenager, she joined different civil rights movements
Used poetry to speak out against racism, sexism, violence against women, and oppression. Like wet cornstarch, I slide
past my grandmother's eyes. Bible
at her side, she removes her glasses.
The pudding thickens.

Mama raised me without language.
I'm orphaned from my Spanish name.
The words are foreign, stumbling
on my tongue. I see in the mirror
my reflection: bronzed skin, black hair.

I feel I am a captive
aboard the refugee ship.
The ship that will never dock.
El barco que nunca atraca.
"Refugee Ship" Luis Rodriguez http://chicanopoetrodriguez.blogspot.com/2011/03/who-is-luis-rodriguez_06.html Ana Castillo Born in 1953
Poet, novelist, short story writer, essayist
Born and raised in Chicago “It is of utmost importance to understand the damage that machismo has done and continues to do to humankind in the name of tradition and in the name of much that we hold sacred through institutionalized religion.” "Women Don't Riot" Different Types of Poetry which Evolved in Different Regions literary movement started primarily in the Southwestern united states
What are considered the unifying themes?
Chicano poetry developed due to the way that poets expressed their ideas and was very different depending on where they were from
Now in the Southwestern united States the unifying themes of Chicano poetry are seen more clearly: the influences of historical forces such as colonization, the Mestizo identity, and Mexican-American relations
• the struggle to maintain cultural identity and traditions
• current issues related to immigration, language, race and gender Chicano authors reflect heavily on their identity and past generations
They question the struggles of their elders and the progression of Chicanos in America.
During the 1950’s there was a huge influx of migrant workers due to the war.
Bracero Movement
HIgh Borderland Tensions
Resulting ensuing conflict Southwest Continued: Northern States Similar ideas found throughout U.S. especially in Northwest
For example in Northern California, Arizona, and Colorado, Chicanos struggled with the idea of living in a land, which should be rightfully theirs to begin with.
Indigenous vs Immigrant
Reclamation of Aztlan
Cultural disparity of being misrepresented and unappreciated in what should be your home.
One well known proponent of these ideas was the implementation of the Greaser Act New York City and East Coast The growth of Chicano culture developed very differently on the East coast opposed to other parts of America.
It was an environment which was much more accepting of non white individuals, and Chicanos in these areas established more comfortable ways of life.
Chicano poetry became focused on pride and showcasing the strength and brilliance of Mexican and Chicano culture.
Chicano poetry moved in a direction where identity was not so much unknown, but protected and exemplified.
many of these poets focused and gave comment to the rising culture of intolerance within America, while critically examining the power and direction Chicanos’ as a people needed to move toward.
MIdwest Harder environment for cultural growth
Chicago well known for its ethnically segregated neighborhoods pushed Mexican Americans to live in neighborhoods near their employers.
This was a time in which a lot of poetry began in the region to give a voice to the struggle in Chicano life
Additionally with the growing population it seemed that the Chicanos in these regions were confused as to which they were being tolerated or included. (1:11) "Our language is the reflection of ourselves. A language is an exact reflection of the character and growth of its speakers."
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