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Unit 02 올림포스 영어독해의 기본1

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Transcript of Unit 02 올림포스 영어독해의 기본1

주제문(topic sentence) 찾기 2
- 주제문이 글의 마지막에 있는 경우
Reading 1
I often start my lectures by asking students the following question : "Which cognitive faculty would you most hate to lose?" Most of them pick the sense of sight; a few pick hearing. Once in a while, a witty student might pick her sense of humor or fashion sense. Almost never do any of them say that the faculty they'd most hate to lose is language. Yet if you lose your sight or hearing, you can still have friends, you can get an education, or you can hold a job. But what would your life be like if you had never learned a language ? Could you still have friends, get an education, or hold a job? Language is so fundamental to our experience, so deeply a part of being human, that it's hard to imagine life without it.
Q. 위 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?


1. relationships between sight and hearing
2. requirements for effective language education
3. influences of language on other human sense
4. keys to the development of cognitive abilities
5. importance of the language faculty to human being
Reading 2
Think of almost anyone you know well. now, think of how you might describe that person to someone else. Chances are that you'll describe Jane as a nice person or Adrian as easygoing. But what happens when Jane gets into a frustrating situation and yells at the kids, or Adrian wakes up at five in the morning to do the house work before leaving for work? Are they still nice or easygoing? We don't tend to classify Jane as a person who can be nice sometimes and quite unpleasant at other times. We assume that one trait dominates. In fact, each of us is far more complex than we're ever described. Most people are funny and angry, and warm and harsh at some time or another.
Q. 위 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

1. Try to Look on the Bright Side!
2. Human Traits: Nature or Nurture?
3. Secrets to Avoiding a Frustrating Situation
4. Don't Jump to Conclusion about someone!
5. How Would You Like to Be Judged by Others?
Theme Reading
1. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?
Supernovae occur when a giant star, one much bigger than our own sun, collapses and then spectacularly explodes. ( 1 ) It releases in an instant the energy of a hundred billion suns, burning for a time brighter than all the stars in its galaxy. ( 2 ) "It's like a trillion hydrogen bombs going off at once," say scientists. ( 3 ) If a supernova explosion happened within five hundred light-years of us, we would disappear in a second. ( 4 ) In fact, most are so unimaginably distant that their light reaches us as no more than the faintest twinkle. ( 5 ) All that distinguishes them from the other stars in the sky is that they occupy a point of space that wasn't filled before.
But the universe is vast, and supernovae are normally much too far away to harm us.
2. 2012 Youth Science Camp에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
The Youth Science Camp (YSC) is a splendid science education program that challenges science students from selected countries around the world. Some prominent scientists present lectures and hands-on science experiments and linger to interact informally with student delegates. Delegates are challenged to explore new theories in the biological, chemical, and physical sciences with resident staff members. Opportunities are provided for delegates to present seminars covering their own areas of interest and research. A visit to Washington D.C. permits delegates to visit some of the nation's premier scientific and cultural facilities. The YSC is offered at no cost to its participants so that selected delegates may attend regardless of their financial status. More information is available online at www.ysc.org.
1. 선별된 세계 여러 나라의 과학도들을 위한 행사이다.
2. 생물, 화학, 물리학 분야의 새로운 이론들을 접할 수 있다.
3. 참가자들은 자신의 연구를 발표할 기회를 갖는다.
4. 과학 문화 시설을 방문하는 기회가 제공된다.
5. 가정 형편에 따라 참가 비용을 할인 받을 수 있다.
3. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은?
Storing food in glass jars has been an effective practice for centuries. It was pioneered by the French cook Nicholas Appert in 1795. Appert's jars worked well because of the method used to seal them. Each jar was filled with food and a small air space was left at the top. He would then seal the jar with cork and sealing wax before boiling the jar in water for cooking. The beauty of the method is that the cooking process forces the air at the top of the food out of the jar. When the food cools, the air contracts and forms a partial vacuum. The vacuum has a double benefit: it seals the lid very tightly and stops organisms that could spoil the food from getting in. It also means there is less oxygen inside the jar, something that most bacteria need to thrive.
가산 불가산
긍정(positive) 조금, 약간 a few a little
부정(negative) 거의 없는 few little
a few
Once in a while
때때로, 가끔씩 = sometimes, occasionally
if had learned
would be
가정법?
일어나지 않은 or 않았던 일을 가정하여 말하는 방법
1.
가정법 과거
-
현재 사실
과 반대
되는 일을 가정
If I
were
rich, I
would
help you.
: 내가 부자라면, 나는 너를 도와줄텐데.
If I
lived
in America, I
could
learn English faster.
: 내가 미국에 산다면, 영어를 더 빨리 배울 수 있을 텐데.
If this
were
true, It
might
change everyone' life.
: 이게 사실이라면, 모든 사람의 인생을 바꿀 수 있을 것이다.
If절 [
과거시제
] / 주절 [
조동사의 과거형
]
2.
가정법 과거완료
-
과거 사실
과 반대
되는 일을 가정
If you
had come
to the party, it
would have been
more delightful.
: 너가 파티에

더라면, 더 재미
있었
을 것이다.
If she
had got up
earlier, we
could have caught
the airplane.
: 그녀가 더 일찍 일어

더라면, 우리는 비행기를 탈
수 있었
을 텐데.
If I
had studied
hard, I
could have passed
the exam.
: 내가 열심히 공부

더라면, 시험에 합격할
수 있었
을 것이다.
If절 [
had + p.p
] / 주절 [
조동사의 과거형 + have p.p
]
2.
As if / I wish 가정법
as if / I wish 뒤에 가정법을 사용한 구문
He spends money
as if
he
were
a millionaire.
그는 그가
마치
백만장자
인것처럼
돈을 쓴다.
I wish
I
had not failed
.
(A) as if : 마치 ~인것 처럼 (가정법
과거
)
~였던것 처럼 (가정법
과거완료
)
(B) I wish : ~라면 좋을텐데 (아니라서 유감이다.) (가정법
과거
)
~였다면 좋았을텐데 (아니라서 유감이다.) (가정법
과거완료
)
실패하지
않았다면 좋았을텐데
.
3.
If가 생략
된 가정법
가정법 문장에서 문두에 위치한 if가 생략되는 경우
도치
가 일어난다.
If my mom were a cook, I could eat all kinds of delicious food.
Were my mom a cook, I could eat all kinds of delicious food.
1. If가 생략되면,
2.주어와 동사의 위치를 바꾼다
cognitive
fundamental
Almost never

do
any of them
say
4.
혼합가정법
If절과 주절의 시점이
다른
경우에 사용
If he
had taken
the plane, he
wouldn't be
alive now.
그가 비행기를
탔었더라면
, 그는
지금
살아있지
못 할 것이다
.
과거시점
현재시점
인지의, 인지적인
근본적인, 중요한
5. importance of the language faculty to human being
부정어구가 문두로 도치되는 경우
[

주어

+

조동사

+
동사
]

부정어구
[

조동사

+

주어

+
동사
]

부정어구
조동사가 없는 경우
Do
를 추가
Chances are that
easygoing
describe
classify
trait
dominate
far
harsh
4. Don't Jump to Conclusion about someone!
비교급 강조부사
much, even, still, far, a lot
vast
much
비교급 강조부사
collapse
붕괴하다, 무너지다
for a time
잠깐동안
thousand 1천 1,000

million 100만 1,000,000

billion 10억 1,000,000,000

trillion 1조 1,000,000,000,000
billion
trillion
hydrogen bomb
수소폭탄
폭발하다
go off
happened
so that
no more than
단지 = only
distinguish
구별하다, 구분하다
splendid
prominent
linger
explore
resident
[형]거주하는 [명]거주인 / cf. reside 살다, 거주하다
delegate
5. 가정 형편에 따라 참가 비용을 할인 받을 수 있다.
almost never
almost never
any of them
say
say
any of them
do
훌륭한, 멋진
저명한, 유력한
파견단, 대표자
탐험하다, 탐색하다
premier
최고의, 제1의
한정적 용법
으로만 사용
at no cost
공짜로
regardless of
~와 관계없이
Storing
(동명사) 저장하는 것
jar
(입구가 넓은)용기, 단지
practice
관행, 실행, 연습
seal
밀봉하다, 밀폐하다
동명사?
동사가 활용되어서
동사

명사
의 특징을 모두 가지는 형태
: 문장 내에서
주어
,
목적어
,
보어
의 역할을 한다.
1.
Having
breakfast gives you energy for daily activities. (
주어
)
2. I enjoy
listening
to classical music. (
목적어
)
3. My dream is
traveling
around the world. (
보어
)
force
강요하다
contract
수축하다
vacuum
진공
thrive
번창하다, 잘 자라다

spoil
organism
유기체
망치다, 못쓰게 만들다
(용기, 냄비) 뚜껑
lid
묘사하다
아마 ~일 것이다 = it is likely that
태평한, 느긋한, 게으른
분류하다
(성격상의) 특성
지배하다, 우세하다
가혹한, 냉혹한
광대한, 광활한
occur
완전자동사 : 목적어X, 수동태X
(예상보다 더 오래) 남다, 머물다
do
in an instant
순간적으로, 즉시
lecture
강의
faculty
(사람이 타고나는) 능력
witty
재치 있는
Yet
문두에 쓰이는 yet은
양보
의 의미를 갖는다.
: ~에도 불구하도, ~라 하더라도
it
= language
반드시
핵심어
가 포함 되어야 한다!
= 본문에서 가장
많이 반복
되거나 변형되는 단어
language(언어)
frustrating
좌절감을 주는
yell
소리치다
tend to
~하는 경향이 있다.
unpleasant
불쾌한, 불친절한
assume
추정하다, 가정하다, 추측하다
supernovae
초신성
너무 ...해서 ~할 수 없다.
too
to
일어나다, 발생하다
giant
(명)거인 / (형)거대한
and then
그런뒤에, 그런 다음에
가정법 과거
harm
해를 끼치다, 피해를 주다
spectacularly
화려하게, 장대하게
폭발하다
explode
bright
밝은, 빛나는
galaxy
은하, 은하계
한번에, 한꺼번에
at once
disappear
사라지다
너무 ~해서 (그 결과) ~하다
most
(명) 대부분, 대다수
상상할수 없을 정도로
unimaginably
distant
거리가 먼, 멀리 떨어져 있는
faint
(형) 흐릿한, 희미한
(명)반짝임, (동)반짝이다
twinkle
occupy
차지하다, 점유하다
fill
~을 채우다
be filled with
: ~로 채워지다
(말만 하지 않고) 직접 해 보는
hands-on
experiment
실험
present lectures
강의하다
interact
상호작용하다, 교류하다
informally
비공식적으로
theory
이론
biological
생물학의, 생물학적인
chemical
화학의
물리학의
physical
Opportunity
기회
세미나(토론식수업)
seminar
permit
허가하다, 허락하다
시설
facility
participant
참가자, 참여자
so that
그 결과 ~하다
금융의, 재정의
financial
status
상태
이용가능한
available
effective
효과적인
개척하다
pioneer
method
방법
코르크
cork
(동사)형성하다
form
partial
부분적인 /
편파적인
왁스, 밀랍
wax
boil
끓이다
benefit
혜택, 이익
산소
oxygen
bacteria
박테리아, 세균
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