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Transcript of STANDPOINT THEORY
The word ‘Standpoint’ is synonymous with:
The Standpoint Theory is a framework used to analyze the viewpoint one holds based on the social location or group he or she belongs to
e.g. ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation)
WHAT IS A STANDPOINT?
Our views of the world are shaped by three things
HOW DOES THIS THEORY RELATE TO COMMUNICATIONS?
A feminist philosopher
Currently a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Washington
A standpoint is a place from which we critically view the world around us.
The Standpoint Theory dates back to the writings of philosopher
Georg W.F. Hegel (1807)
Hegel studied the standpoints in master and slave relationships
Harsock expanded on Marx's Ideology that there is only one correct viewpoint available from the two major social groups(Capitalist & Worker) in Capitalist Society
Nancy Harsock, 1983
A place where one stands in society (whether they are marginalized groups or dominant groups.
FEMINIST STANDPOINT THEORY
Major contributors of this theory are Dorothy Smith,Hilary Rose, Sandra Harding, Julia T.Wood,Patricia H.Collins
Examined the oppressions in society that devalues women.
Communication is responsible for framing our standpoint through interacting with others, and from that we know our place in society.
Material life (or class position) structures and limits understandings of social relations.
The partial understanding of the oppressed (the standpoint) makes visible the inhumanity of the existing relations among groups and moves us toward a better and more just world
It focuses on a variety of standpoints such as race,sexuality,religion
MEAN GIRLS (2004)
Cady lived in Africa
Group 9 Members:
Moved to the US
LOW ON THE SOCIAL LADDER
Top of the Social Ladder
Cady befriends them
a person in a normally marginalized social position who has gained access to a more privileged location
She started to like view from the top of the social ladder
but... she changed.
Blowing off her friends
She only cared about herself...
The less powerful (marginalized) have a more accurate view of the world.
The powerful only care about themselves and they have a limited and a false view of the world.
-the view that all women and social groups are the same
standpoint theory claims that where a person stands in society would determine how objective they are.
Marginalized groups have a more accurate view of the world so they have strong objectivity
Dominant groups have a narrow viewpoint so they have weak Objectivity
E.G. Abortions,voting rights
THE FEMINIST THEORY IS A SPECIFIC FORMULATED VERSION OF STANDPOINT THEORY