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Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: the AP versus the IB

As two programs for high-achieving high school students, the Advanced Placement program and the International Baccalaureate diploma offer fast-paced and challenging curricula. However, with its focus on the more "traditional canon" usually--but not neces

Merit O'Hare

on 5 May 2010

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Transcript of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: the AP versus the IB

The Contrast The Advanced Placement
Program The International Baccalaureate Program Basics
38 courses / exams offered across all academic discipline areas
2000: 60% of high schools offer AP courses
1/3 of college-bound seniors enrolled
offers college credits to high school seniors

“All students profit from a curriculum that moves at a pace commiserate with their rate of learning” (Bleske-Rechek, 2004, p. 221). Criticisms Courses emphasize breadth over depth of knowledge?
Selectivity of universities concerning credit allotment
Tendency for undergrad programs to use AP participation as prerequisite for admission rather than extra feature
Advantages quantitative; rigorous; run by the College Board
most wide-spead, common program
easier to install in schools; can offer anywhere from one to thirty-eight classes
less expensive than equivalent college courses
versus the search for the most culturally relevant pedagogy Criticisms
Less well-known and less widely-accepted than the AP program
Authorization takes 2+ years; schools are regularly evaluated; each school pays a fee
Not as quantifiable as the AP program?
Focus on depth rather than breadth of knowledge
“a growing number of high-achieving students have chosen the ib route for a comprehensive approach to education that teachers, students, and principals say helps mold well-rounded students better prepared for a world that globalization shrinks more and more every day” (Gehring) Advantages
College credit awarded for scores of 24-45 pts (45 cap); integration of standardized text practices with in-school assessment tasks
“nearly 90 percent of the ib-diploma-granting schools in the United States and Canada are public schools” (Gehring).
Holistic approach through three programs which span a student's K-12 schooling
In high school: the Diploma Programme (ages 16+)
Globally-oriented: all students learn second language
Holistic: students must complete 150 hours of community service
Written exams at the end of each student’s 2-year course of study; 80% of students earn diploma
Currently reaches over 793,000 students (1,969 schools) worldwide

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