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Desert Biomes

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by

Janet Salgado

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Desert Biomes

Desert Biomes http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org Facts Climate Plants Location Barrel Cactus, Genus: Ferocactus, Species: wislizen
Brittle Bush, Genus: Encelia, Species: farinosa
Chain Fruit Cholla, Genus: Opuntia, Species: fulgida
Creosote Bush, Genus: Larrea, Species: tridentata
Crimson Hedgehog Cactus, Genus: Echinocereus, Species: triglochidiatus
Desert Ironwood, Genus: Olneya, Species: tesota, Adaptation: well adapted to the heat and the lack of water
Joshua Tree, Genus: Yucca, Species: brevifolia
Jumping Cholla, Genus: Opuntia, Species: bigelovii, Adaptation: Thick covering of spines shades the plant from the desert heat, and also prevent animals from eating them
Mojave Aster, Genus: Xylorhiza, Species: tortifolia
Octotillo, Genus: Forquieria, Species: splendens, Adaptation: Has adapted to its environment by shedding its leaves, It can grow new leaves 5 days after getting water
Palo Verde, Genus: Cercidium, Species: microphyllum
Pancake Prickly Pear Cactus, Genus: Opuntia, Species: chlorotica
Saguaro Cactus, Genus: Carnegiea, Species: gigantea
Soaptree Yucca, Genus: Yucca, Species: elata
Triangle-leaf Bursage, Genus: Ambrosia, Species: deltoidea, Adaptation: Its long taproot and well-developed roots it can survive with very little precipitation Deserts cover about one fifth of Earth's surface
Dust storms can travel for over a thousand miles
The largest hot and dry desert in the world is the Sahara Desert in Northern America
Sahara Desert covers over 3 million square miles of Africa
Sahara Desert expands at the rate of around 30 miles per year Climate of dry deserts are formed by high-pressure zones, where cold air descends. Then the descending air becomes warm, then the heat from the ground evaporates the water before it can come down as rain. The ground is very hot because of the sun's rays. Approximately 1 inch of rain falls in dry deserts per year. The average temperature is 64 degrees Fahrenheit. Animals Mojave Desert
Sonoran Desert
Armadillo Lizard, Genus: Cordylus, Species: cataphractus
Banded Gila Monster, Genus: Heloderma, Species: suspectum cinetum
Bobcat, Genus: Felis, Species: rufus
Cactus Wren, Genus: Campylorhynchus, Species: brunneicapillus, Adaptation: changing food availability in their desert and chaparral habitats.
Coyote, Genus: Canis, Species: latrans
Desert Bighorn Sheep, Genus: Ovis, Species: canadensis nelsoni
Desert Kangaroo Rat, Genus: Dipodomys, Species: deserti, Adaptation: It gets its water from the food it eats, another is it has a cheek pouch where it stores its food while it finds shelter. Desert Tortoise, Genus: Gopherus, Species: agassizii
Javelina, Genus: Tayassu, Species: tajacu
Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Genus: Glaucidium, Species: brasilianum cactorum
Sonoran Desert Toad, Genus: Bufo, Species: alvarius
Sonoran Pronghorn Antelope, Genus: Antilocarta, Species: americana sonoriensis
Thorny Devil, Genus: Moloch, Species: horridus Sonoran Desert Toad Armadillo Lizard Bobcat Coyote Desert Kangaroo Rat Javelina Desert Totoise Sonoran Pronghorn Antelope Cactus Wren Thorny Devil Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Desert Bighorn Sheep Banded Gila Monster Barrel Cactus Brittle Bush Chain Fruit Cholla Creosote Bush Joshua Tree Desert Ironwood Jumping Cholla Mojave Aster Ocotillo Crimson Hedgehog Cactus Palo Verde Pancake Prickly Pear Cactus Saguaro Cactus Soaptree Yucca Triangle-leaf Bursage Resources Northern America Food chain/web
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