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Sentence Structure

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by

Fajer Al Shammari

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Sentence Structure

1. Simple Sentence

3 Types of Sentences
Examples:
Simple Sentences
Compound Sentence
A compound sentence contains a
Coordinating Conjunction.
Simple Sentence
A simple sentence contains a
subject
and a
verb
.
Ms. Fajer Al Shammari
Sentence Structure
2. Compound Sentence
3. Complex Sentence
--> Fragments
The dog barked.
The house was very tall.
Some students study in the mornings.
A simple sentence expresses one
complete thought.
A simple sentence is an
independent clause.
What Does a Sentence NEED?
Missing Anything = FRAGMENT !!!
1. Subject
2. Verb
3. Complete Idea
is the
person, place, thing, or idea
that is
doing
or
being
something.
is the
ACTION
that is done
Object:
receives
the action
Not All verbs require an Object in the Sentence
Examples:
1. The dog barked.
2. The cat scratched the couch.
No Object required
Requires an Object
The cat scratched the couch.
The big cat.
The cat scratched the couch, and she slept on my pillow.
The cat scratched the couch because her nails were long.
A.
I love the cold weather.
B.
Jane and Anthony play football every afternoon.
C.
Mary skipped and ran in gym class.

D
. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
A compound sentence contains
two Independent Clauses.
F
A
N
B
O
Y
S
or
nd
or
ut
r
et
o
Punctuation:
we always put a
Comma
before FANBOYS.
Examples:
Compound Sentence
A. I had soccer after school
, so
Ellie could not come over.
Format
Complex Sentence
Complex Sentence
Complex sentences contain a
Subordinating Conjunction.
Examples
Complex Sentence
A
. We passed the test
because
we studied for a long time.
,
but
, or
B. Joseph played football
, and
we went shopping.
D. They could take the test ___ they could write essay.
C. Ms. Fajer likes hot chocolate_____ she doesn't like coffee.
Complex sentences contain
1 Independent Clause
&
1 Dependent Clause.
A
Dependent clause

does not
express a complete thought, and it
can’t stand
alone as a sentence.
A
Dependent clause

begins
with a
subordinating conjunction
, such as
because, since, after, although, when
, etc.
1. DEPENDENT CLAUSE
(comma)
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
.


Since
I have no milk
,
I’ll go to the store
.

2. INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
(no comma)
DEPENDENT CLAUSE
.

I’ll go to the store
since
I have no milk
.

Punctuation in complex sentences follow two formats:

Dependent Clause
Identify the Dependent Clause
If you subscribe to this online service, you will need a password.
When I read a novel, I pay attention to details.
Because supplies were limited, the store ran out of the sale item quickly
B
. We didn't pass the test
although
we studied for a long time.
C
. Sabah started smoking.
He was very young.
(
when
)
D
. Jenny needs help.
I will help her.
(
if
)
Sabah started smoking
when
he was very young.
If Jenny needs help
,
I will help her.
Activity
Simple Simon
Connie
Compound
Complex Rex
When
Sabah was very young
,
he started smoking.
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