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Picture

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by

Simon IDGAF

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Picture

About 30,00 species of vascular plants live in the Andes and about half of them are only found there or in that type of area. This goes over the the diversity level of any other place that is under the threat by us, humans. A small tree called Cinchona pubescens has a liquid, quinine, that is used to treat malaria. This tree is found along the Andes and also can be found very far south in the Andes. Other important crops/plants that can be found in the Andes are tobacco and wild potatoes (which are found at very high altitudes, around 2000m-4000m). The polyepis forests that exist at high altitudes are now considered highly endangered as a result of clearing. Some people even believe that only 10% of the original forests remain.
Animals/Creatures
Here are a few animals that live in the andes; vicugna, guanco, llama, aplaca, nocturnal chinchillas, andean condor, andean cock-of-the-rock, huemul, cougar, andean goose, giant coot, flamingos, lesser rhea, andean flicker, miners, sierra and diuca finches, titicaca water frog, titicaca flightless grebe, a few different species of humming birds, coyote mountain lion, bobcat, ringtail, wesern whiptail, raven, black tipped rabbit, pine marten, pika, red breasted nuthatch, pacific tree frog, edith's checkerspot, douglas's squirrel, and the mule deer.
The Beautiful Andes
Area Weather and Regions
The Andean region cuts through many different natural and floristic regions because of it extending through Venezuela to Cape Horn passing through the Atacama Desert. Rainforests used to encircle a lot of the Northern Andes but have diminished by a HUMONGOUS amount. It has relatively dry areas near Peru and Chile, several valleys mostly covered by deciduous woodland, shrubs and xeric-vegetation, and of course the virtually lifeless Atacama Desert. The Andes can be split into 3 different parts:
Conclusion
Overall, the Andes is sadly coming to an end, as the so many species are becoming severely endangered. Although, you can always look at as a different perspective, as someone might say that is a good thing considering the can sell all the wood they chop and take all of the ores and salt and sell it as certain parts of the Andes tend to have very large ore deposits and salt deposits making the seller of the minerals very rich and wealthy. So as you can see, you can consider Andes in good shape or in bad shape, depending on the perspective. I hope that have you learned a lot about the vegetation, the leaving animals, and other things we happened to have mentioned.
Vegetation
A Cinchona Pubescens (Flower)
Andean Black Potatoes
(A.K.A. Andean Wild
Potato)
A Xeric Plant
(A Plant Similar
to Cacti)
Mining is on of the biggest human activities in the Andes. The Andes were famous when the spanish came in their conquest of South America because of their minerals. Even though some Andean natives used gold and other metals for ceremonial jewelery, the first large scale mining operations started after the arrival of the spanish. Mining in the Andes in Chile and Peru make them the current first and second biggest producers of copper in the world, as a matter of fact the, the gold mine in Peru is also the biggest in the world! The Andes also produces a lot of tin
Mining
Did you know that Argentina got its name from the silver of Potosí, a city in Bolivia.
Fun Fact
Human Interactions
Human interactions in the Andes vary. The Andes are a place to live for the people that are native. They are a place for major mining operations for mainly silver, copper, gold and tin. The Andes is also a place for some people to enjoy the breathtaking scenery.
Andean Natives
The Hikers
Andes Picture
Here is an example of
an Andean Food Chain
Biotic Elements
There are about 3300 different animals living in the Andes (that we know of). There are around 600 different species of mammals in the area (around 13% are indigenous to the Andes), 1700 species of birds (around 1/3 are indigenous to the Andes), 600 species of reptile (around 45% are indigenous to the Andes), and 400 species of fish (around 1/3 are indigenous to the Andes. Some examples of animals include the vicugna, guanaco, llama, alpaca, nocturnal chinchillas, andean condor, andean Cock-of-the-rock, huemul, cougar, andean goose, giant coot, flamingos, lesser rhea, andean flicker, miners, sierra and diuca finches, titicaca water frog, titicaca flightless grebe, a few different species of humming birds, coyote, mountain lion, bobcat, ringtail, western whiptail, raven, black tipped rabbit, pine marten, pika, red breasted nutnatch, pacific tree frog, edith's checkerspot, douglas's squirrel, and the mule deer. Here come the plants. Some examples include 30,000 species of vascular plants with about 1/2 being indigenous to the Andes. Unfortunately, we could not find many examples for plants, but some include the xeric plants, wild potatoes, cinchona pubescens, tobacco, monterey pine, peruvian pepper, thyme, llareta, salt grass, and polylepis racemosa (which only has a scientific name). Some Biotic locations are; certain Rainforests, Cape horn, Interandean valleys, and the Maule river.
Abiotic Elements
Unfortunately, we could also not find that many abiotic elements but here are some examples of biotic elements: the large ore deposits, salt deposits, copper deposits, lithium, the andean volcanic belt, the virtually lifeless Atacama desert, some of the woodlands (as only 10% of the original woodland remains), and of course the mountain caps.
Titicaca Water Frog
Lesser Rhea
Llama
Vicugna
Andean Condor
The Southern Andes (south of Llullaillaco) in Argentina and Chile.
The Central Andes in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia
The Northern Andes (north of Nudo de Pasto) in Venenzuela and Colombia which consists of the western, southern, and eastern parallel ranges.
Atacama desert
Polyepis forests
Lithium
Tourism
There are lots of natural attractions in the Andes like the mountains, glaciers, lakes, and of course the volcanoes. Some tours show old civilizations, like Machu Picchu, and current day ones, the Quechu speaking tribe. Did you know that tourism is the 3rd largest 'industry' in Peru.
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