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Laban Movement Analysis

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krystina sammour

on 10 March 2015

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Transcript of Laban Movement Analysis

What are the eight efforts?
Laban's eight efforts consist of:
Press: sustained, heavy, direct
Flick: swift, light, indirect
Wring: sustained, heavy, indirect
Dab: swift, light, direct
Slash: swift, heavy, indirect
Glide: sustained, light, direct
Thrust: swift, heavy, direct
Float: sustained, light, indirect,
How can an actor use the eight effots when creating a character?
Laban's eight movements can be used in many ways be actors in order to create a character. The movements could convey the characters attitude, body language, and status. An example of this would be if an actoress were trying to be the character of Queen Elizabeth they would hold themselves with confidence. Their movements would be very strong and stiff and they would be restricted in a way by their status. It is in this way that a character can be created by an actor.
Who was Rudolf Von Laban?What did he create?
Flow describes movement that is unconstrained or continuous such as floating your hair in water or running water aided by gravity. The difference between succesive and simultaneous is that succesive is movements that are done one after the other and simultaneous is when they happen at the same time.

Difference between free flow and bound flow?
Free flow is when our muscles are loose and we can feel our movements in all our body, whereas bound flow is when our muscles are tense and tight affecting our movements and making them seem very strained. Bound flow can be explained as though there is a pressure around the space you are in and it is pushing against you.
What is the importance of space in the Laban system?
Space is a major part of the LMA. It considers patterns, forms, designs, configurations, and other aspects of the human body in space (Overview of Laban Movement Analysis & Laban Notation (2007) J. S. Longstaff ). Space is split into two different categories:
•Kinespheric space: it surrounds the body. Laban split this into 27 main directions in which we can move while in this space.
•Scenic space: it is the total architectonical space. Laban divided this into 9 main zones.
Space can show the audience the movers objectives and the paths and coordination that they are going to take.
Efforts that apply to professions and why:
: The efforts that apply to a fireman would be punching, wringing, pressing and slashing. Firemen press on the hose to release water. They punch windows and other obstacles out of the way in order to get trapped victims out. Slashing is used like punching; to get obstacles out of the way.

Laban movement Analysis
What can the eight efforts tell an audience about a character?
What is flow? What is the difference between successive flow and simultaneous flow?
How is time featured in the Laban system?
What aspects of his work are still significant in the 21st century?
The nature of Laban's theory is both a challenge and a difficulty for students in the twenty-first century. Major dance and drama companies still use his theory within their curriculum and teach their students Laban's theory.
Rudolf Von Laban was a dancer, a choreographer and a dance / movement theoretician. He created the Laban Movement Analysis (LMA) which is the study of movement structure and purpose. It is a language for describing movement and helps interpret the body action.
The eight efforts can help convey the moods and personalities of a certain character to the audeince. The efforts can help the audience to identify the characters objectives through their movements. For instance, if a character were to be seen pushing against another in a rough way, this could be intrepreted by the audience as an occuring fight.
Time in the Laban system affects both BODY and SPACE. Time considers speed or slowing of the pace, ranging from quick to sustained. Every movement has to take into account the beat, rythme and tempo. When you do an action you have to think of how fast or slow this action is meant to be. Is it meant to happen in a blink or is it meant to take time to take place. This is how time is featured in Laban's system.

Builders use the efforts press, dab, slash, glide, punch and wringing. They press and punch to push obejects into place, dab paint on, slash when cutting wood or other materials in half, glide across fragile floors and wring when using paint brushes and sponges/cloth's.
Efforts: Press, dab, glide & slash.
A surgeon would press on your pulse and your chest to give CPR, dab on a bleeding wound to stop blood flow, because they need to be in control when using tools in a surgery they glide the tools and they slash to open the skin when they are performing surgeries.
Efforts: Slash, flick, press, dab, glide.
Teacher's slash and flick when gesturing to their students. They press on the smartboard and they dab when typing away at their computers. When teachers are writing on the board they glide the markers across the surface of the board.

Efforts: Flick, press, glide, punch
Athletes flick when throwing Javalin, press when throwing discus and shotput, punch when they are doing boxing in training and they glide when running. They run so fast that they look like they are not even touching the floor.
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