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A modest proposal- jonathan swift

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Gala Montiel

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of A modest proposal- jonathan swift

Historical Context 18th century Ireland was in the middle of a new industrial age. It had a mercantilist view that
"People are the riches of a nation"

This means that:
- no child was too young
to go into industry.
- the laborer was viewed as
a commodity. What is a Satire? Satire is a literature genre in which irony an other forms of humor are used to criticize individuals or society.

Latin word phrase "lanx satura" = a fool dish of various kinds of fruits

it started in Ancient Egypt --> Ancient Greece --> Roman World -->Medieval Europe and Islamic World, --> Western Modern Satire --> Age of Enlightenment --> Victorian England --> 20Th century --> Contemporary Jonathan Swift Problem "...roads and cabbin-doors crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags, and importuning every passenger for an alms" His proposal... "I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled" Why is it a satire? A modest proposal is designed for the purpose of ridicule. It mocks the time's cure-all projects concerning the poor and follows the rules and structure of Latin Satires. "A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People from Being a Burthen to their Parents, or the Country, and for Making them Beneficial to the Publick." 1729 thieves leave their dear native country "sell themselves to the Barbadoes" voluntary abortions and women murdering their bastard children 1,500,000 total 200,000 breeders 30,000 maintain children 170,000 50,000 breeders lose child 1yr 120,000 children with poor parents "How this number shall be reared, and provided for?" of 120,000 kids- 20,000 for breed 1 child = 4 dishes
bought by landlords
10 shillings per child, 8 profit for the mom
skin could be used for gloves and boots "The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to a distress...money, a thing unknown. more reasons... "This would be a great inducement to marriage" "It would increase the care and tenderness of mothers towards their children" "Men would become as fond of their wives" "improvement in the art of making good bacon" "I can think of no one objection, that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it should be urged, that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom" THEMES Class and society power greed suffering morality and ethics The Proposer A Modest Proposal is narrated from the first person point of view of an unnamed narrator. Paralipsis Narrator Swift Rhetorical Devices Talking about something by saying that it should not be talked about. Irony Metaphor Cannibalism symbolizes the way in which all Irish assets were being consumed The serious tone used highlights the absurdity of the proposal. Paradox The title calls the proposal "modest" when the matter at hand is nothing less than cannibalism The readers are meant to hate the speaker and pity the Irish When it is not taken literally, the satire allows for Swift's point of view to be mixed with his narrator's.
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